CBSE Class 10 Social Science Life Lines of National Economy MCQs

CBSE Class 12 Social Science Life Lines of National Economy MCQs with answers available in Pdf for free download. The MCQ Questions for Class 12 Social Science with answers have been prepared as per the latest syllabus, NCERT books and examination pattern suggested in Standard 12 by CBSE, NCERT and KVS. Multiple Choice Questions are an important part of exams for Grade 12 Social Science and if practiced properly can help you to get higher marks. Refer to more Chapter-wise MCQs for NCERT Class 12 Social Science and also download more latest study material for all subjects

Life Lines of National Economy Class 12 Social Science MCQ

Class 12 Social Science students should refer to the following multiple-choice questions with answers for Life Lines of National Economy in standard 12. These MCQ questions with answers for Grade 12 Social Science will come in exams and help you to score good marks

Life Lines of National Economy MCQ Questions with Answers

MCQs

1. Six Lane Highways are called

(i) National Highway  (ii) International Highway

(iii) State Highway  (iv) Golden quadrilateral super highways

2. Golden quadrilateral super highways are maintained by

(i) Zila Parishad  (ii) PWD  (iii) CPWD  iv) NHAI

3. Villages are connected to a major town through this scheme of roads

(i) MNREGA   (ii) PMGSY   (iii) SJGRY   (iv) AAY

4. Border Roads are constructed by

(i) CRPF   (ii) BSF   (iii) Indian Army   (iv) BRO

5. Provides door-to-door connectivity

(i) Airways   (ii) Roadways   (iii) Railways   (iv) Waterways

6. Bulk carrier across nations

(i) Airways   (ii) Roadways   (iii) Railways   (iv) Waterways

7. Bulk carrier within India

(i) Airways   (ii) Roadways   (iii) Railways   (iv) Waterways

8. Principal mode of transportation for freight and passengers in India

(i) Airways (ii) Roadways

(iii) Railways (iv) Waterways 

9. Width of two tracks of Broad Gauge is

(i) 1.676 m (ii) 1.000 m (iii) 0.762 m (iv) 0.610 m

10. Natural harbour in India

(i) Hooghly (ii) Paradip (iii) Chennai (iv) Mumbai

11. Biggest natural port in India

(i) Chennai (ii) Tuticorin (iii) Marmagao iv) Mumbai

12. Largest producer of feature film in the world

(i) Britain (ii) USA (iii) France iv India

13. AIR stands for

(i) All India Radio (ii) Indian Airlines (iii) Indian Railways (iv) None of these

14. Terminal stations of East-West corridor

(i) Mumbai and Nagpur (ii) Nagpur and Siligudi

(iii) Mumbai and Kolkata iv) Silcher and Porbandar

15. Which mode of transportation reduces trans-shipment losses and delays?

(i) Railways (ii) Pipeline (iii) Roadways (iv) Waterways

 

Answers Key 


(1) d
(2) d
(3) b
(4) d
(5) b
(6) d
(7) c
(8) c
(9) a
(10) d
(11) d
(12) d
(13) a
(14) d
(15) b
 
 
Important Questions NCERT Class 10 Social Science Chapter 7 Life Lines of National Economy
 

Question. Name the state related to National Waterways No. 3.

Ans. Kerala


Question. "Dense and efficient network of transport is a pre-requisite for local and national development". Analyse the statement.

Ans. We need various things to sustain our lives in the form of goods, services and support systems. The same applies to all occupational activities. Each of the requirements cannot be in the close vicinity of our place of living.

We need to move the goods and services from the supply localities to the demand localities and this is done by the transportation system. We also need efficient transportation for people to reach their places of work, play and learning efficiently. All these activities, which are integral in the economic growth of the local population and the country as a whole is greatly dependent on the transport sector. Thus a dense and efficient network of trans- portation is a prerequisite for local and national development. Examples are -

(i) fast and efficiently moving transport is required for traded items to reach their destinations on time, otherwise business will suffer.

(ii) Transport is required to carry raw materials to production centers.

(iii) From manufacturing hubs to markets particularly for perishable goods.

(iv) Movement of people is also very important for trade and business.


Question. Explain the improvements made by the Indian railways in its functioning.

Ans. (i) Conversion of meter gauge to broad gauge.

(ii) Steam engines have been replaced by diesel and electric engines. This has increased the speed and haulage capacity.

(iii) The replacement of steam engine run by coal has improved the environment of stations and its surroundings.

(iv) Railways routes have been extended to areas were there was no railway lines earlier.


Question. Explain any three major problems faced by Indian Railways.

Ans. The following problems are faced by the railways:

(i) Travelling without ticket.

(ii) Thefts and damaging railway property.

(iii) Stopping of trains without any emergency on necessity in unauthorised way.

(iv) Railways also face challenges in constructing and maintaining railway tracks in mountains, sandy plains, and swampy areas.


Question. Describe any five major problems faced by road transport in India.

Ans. Five problems faced by road transport in India are given below :

(i) Volume of traffic and passengers is very large.

(ii) Road network is inadequate.

(iii) Half the roads are unmetalled, which limits their usage in rainy seasons.

(iv) National highways too are inadequate and congested.

(v) Roadways are highly congested in cities and most bridges and culverts are old and narrow.


Question. Classify roads into six classes according to their capacity. What is the role of National Highways Authority of India?

Ans. Roads are classified as given below :

(i) Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways- reduce the time and distance between the mega cities of India.

(ii) National Highways-connect the state capitals, big cities and important ports.

(iii) State Highways-join the state capitals with district headquarters.

(iv) District Roads-connect the district centres with the major roads.

(v) Other Rural Roads-link rural areas and villages with towns.

(vi) Border Roads-have increased accessibility in areas of difficult terrain along the country’s border. Projects related to super highways are being implemented by the NHAI.


Question. Explain any five characteristics of Kandla Seaport. 

Ans. Characteristics of Kandla sea port :

(i) It was the first port developed soon after India got independence.

(ii) It reduced the volume of traffic of Mumbai port.

(iii) It is a tidal port.

(iv) Caters to exports and imports of highly productive granery and industrialised states.

(v) It ia a free trade zone.


Question. Examine with example the role of means of transport and communication in making our life prosperous and comfortable.

Ans. We need various things to sustain our lives in the form of goods, services and support systems. The same applies to all occupational activities. Each of the requirements cannot be in the close vicinity of our place of living.

We need to move the goods and services from the supply localities to the demand localities and this is done by the transportation system. We also need efficient transportation for people to reach their places of work, play and learning efficiently. All these activities, which are integral in the economic growth of the local population and the country as a whole is greatly dependent on the transport sector. Thus a dense and efficient network of trans- portation is a prerequisite for local and national development. Examples are -

(i) fast and efficiently moving transport is required for traded items to reach their destinations on time, otherwise business will suffer.

(ii) Transport is required to carry raw materials to production centers.

(iii) From manufacturing hubs to markets particularly for perishable goods.

(iv) Movement of people is also very important for trade and business.


Question. Classify communication services into two categories. Explain main features of each.

Ans. Communication services can be classified in two categories :

(i) Personal communication :

(a) Communication between two or more persons at personal level is personal communication.

(b) The India postal network handles parcels as well as personal written communication.

(c) Cards and envelops, posts and telegraph and email are examples.

(d) Telephone services like STD, ISD provide easy and comfortable network to a large number of people that facilitates personal communication.

(ii) Mass communication :

(a) It is the communication through, which one can communicate with several people at the same time.

(b) It provides the entertainment (movies) and creates awareness among people about various national programmes and policies very quickly.

(c) It includes print media like newpapers, magazines, book, etc. and electronic media like radio, television, Etc.


Question. "Efficient means of transport are pre-requisites for the fast development." Express your views in favour of this statement.

Ans. We need various things to sustain our lives in the form of goods, services and support systems. The same applies to all occupational activities. Each of the requirements cannot be in the close vicinity of our place of living.

We need to move the goods and services from the supply localities to the demand localities and this is done by the transportation system. We also need efficient transportation for people to reach their places of work, play and learning efficiently. All these activities, which are integral in the economic growth of the local population and the country as a whole is greatly dependent on the transport sector. Thus a dense and efficient network of trans- portation is a prerequisite for local and national development. Examples are -

(i) fast and efficiently moving transport is required for traded items to reach their destinations on time, otherwise business will suffer.

(ii) Transport is required to carry raw materials to production centers.

(iii) From manufacturing hubs to markets particularly for perishable goods.

(iv) Movement of people is also very important for trade and business.


Question. What is mass communication? What are the different means of mass communication? What is the significance of mass communication in a country like India?

Ans. Mass communication : It covers large number of people at the same time. Different means of mass communication are radio, television, films, internet, newspapers and magazines.

Significance of mass communication are :

(i) Covers more than 95% of India’s total population

(ii) Provides education and entertainment

(iii) Most instant means of mass information

(iv) Brings all classes of people together


Question. Why is a dense and efficient network of transport and communication a prerequisite for the development of local, national and global trade of today? Give your opinion.

Ans. Dense and efficient network of transport and communication are necessary for development.

(i) We use different material and services. Only some of these are available near us while other requirements are met by bringing them from other places. Movement of these goods and services need communication and transport.

(ii) Today, the world has become small with the help of efficient and fast moving transport.

(iii) We have been able to achieve this with the help of well developed communication system.

(iv) Therefore transport and communication are complementary to each other and are needed for trade.

(v) Today India is well linked with the rest of the world despite its vast size diversity, linguistic and socio-cultural diversity.


Question. What is trade? Explain the importance of international trade?

Ans. (i) The exchanges of goods among people, states and countries is referred to as trade.

(ii) Trade between two counties is called international trade.

(iii) When the value of export exceeds the value of imports, it is called a favourable balance of trade.

(iv) When the value of imports exceeds the value of exports, it is termed as unfavourable balance of Trade.

Importance :

(i) International trade of a country is an index to its economic prosperity.

(ii) It is considered as the economic barometer for a country.

(iii) As the resources are space bound, no country can survive without international trade.

(iv) Countries have trade relations with the major trading blocks.

(v) In the present times exchange of commodities and goods have been superseded by the exchange of information and knowledge.


Question. Define the following terms :
(i) Trade
(ii) International Trade
(iii) Favourable Balance of Trade
(iv) Unfavourable Balance of Trade.

Ans. (i) The exchanges of goods among people, states and countries is referred to as trade.

(ii) Trade between two counties is called international trade.

(iii) When the value of export exceeds the value of imports, it is called a favourable balance of trade.

(iv) When the value of imports exceeds the value of exports, it is termed as unfavourable balance of trade.

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