NCERT Class 6 Maths Whole Numbers

Read and download NCERT Class 6 Maths Whole Numbers chapter in NCERT book for Class 6 Mathematics. You can download latest NCERT eBooks for 2022 chapter wise in PDF format free from Studiestoday.com. This Mathematics textbook for Class 6 is designed by NCERT and is very useful for students. Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 6 Mathematics to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter

Whole Numbers Class 6 Mathematics NCERT

Class 6 Mathematics students should refer to the following NCERT Book chapter Whole Numbers in standard 6. This NCERT Book for Grade 6 Mathematics will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Whole Numbers NCERT Class 6

 

 

Whole Numbers

2.1 Introduction

As we know, we use 1, 2, 3, 4,... when we begin to count. They come naturally when we start counting. Hence, mathematicians call the counting numbers as Natural numbers.

Predecessor and successor

Given any natural number, you can add 1 to that number and get the next number i.e. you get its successor.

The successor of 16 is 16 + 1 = 17, that of 19 is 19 +1 = 20 and so on.

The number 16 comes before 17, we say that the predecessor of 17 is 17–1=16, the predecessor of 20 is 20 – 1 = 19, and so on.

The number 3 has a predecessor and a successor. What about 2? The successor is 3 and the predecessor is 1. Does 1 have both a successor and a predecessor?

We can count the number of children in our school; we can also count the number of people in a city; we can count the number of people in India. The number of people in the whole world can also be counted. We may not be able to count the number of stars in the sky or the number of hair on our heads but if we are able, there would be a number for them also. We can then add one more to such a number and get a larger number. In that case we can even write the number of hair on two heads taken together.

It is now perhaps obvious that there is no largest number. Apart from these questions shared above, there are many others that can come to our mind when we work with natural numbers. You can think of a few such questions and discuss them with your friends. You may not clearly know the answers to many of them !

2.2 Whole Numbers

We have seen that the number 1 has no predecessor in natural numbers. To the collection of natural numbers we add zero as the predecessor for 1.

The natural numbers along with zero form the collection of whole numbers.

In your previous classes you have learnt to perform all the basic operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication and division on numbers. You also know how to apply them to problems. Let us try them on a number line. Before we proceed, let us find out what a number line is!

2.3 The Number Line

Draw a line. Mark a point on it. Label it 0. Mark a second point to the right of 0. Label it 1.

The distance between these points labelled as 0 and 1 is called unit distance. On this line, mark a point to the right of 1 and at unit distance from 1 and label it 2. In this way go on labelling points at unit distances as 3, 4, 5,... on the line. You can go to any whole number on the right in this manner.

This is a number line for the whole numbers.

What is the distance between the points 2 and 4? Certainly, it is 2 units.

Can you tell the distance between the points 2 and 6, between 2 and 7?

On the number line you will see that the number 7 is on the right of 4.

This number 7 is greater than 4, i.e. 7 > 4. The number 8 lies on the right of 6 and 8 > 6. These observations help us to say that, out of any two whole numbers, the number on the right of the other number is the greater number. We can also say that whole number on left is the smaller number.

For example, 4 < 9; 4 is on the left of 9. Similarly, 12 > 5; 12 is to the right of 5.

What can you say about 10 and 20?

Mark 30, 12, 18 on the number line. Which number is at the farthest left?

Can you say from 1005 and 9756, which number would be on the right relative to the other number.

Place the successor of 12 and the predecessor of 7 on the number line.

Addition on the number line

Addition of whole numbers can be shown on the number line. Let us see the addition of 3 and 4.

Start from 3. Since we add 4 to this number so we make 4 jumps to the right; from 3 to 4, 4 to 5, 5 to 6 and 6 to 7 as shown above. The tip of the last arrow in the fourth jump is at 7.

The sum of 3 and 4 is 7, i.e. 3 + 4 = 7.

Subtraction on the number line

The subtraction of two whole numbers can also be shown on the number line. Let us find 7 – 5. 

Start from 7. Since 5 is being subtracted, so move towards left with 1 jump of 1 unit. Make 5 such jumps. We reach the point 2. We get 7 – 5 = 2.

EXERCISE 2.1

1. Write the next three natural numbers after 10999.

2. Write the three whole numbers occurring just before 10001.

3. Which is the smallest whole number?

4. How many whole numbers are there between 32 and 53?

5. Write the successor of :

(a) 2440701    (b) 100199    (c) 1099999     (d) 2345670

6. Write the predecessor of :

(a) 94            (b) 10000       (c) 208090       (d) 7654321

7. In each of the following pairs of numbers, state which whole number is on the left of the other number on the number line. Also write them with the appropriate sign (>, <)

between them.

(a) 530, 503    ( b) 370, 307    (c) 98765, 56789     (d) 9830415, 10023001

8. Which of the following statements are true (T) and which are false (F) ?

(a) Zero is the smallest natural number. (b) 400 is the predecessor of 399.

(c) Zero is the smallest whole number. (d) 600 is the successor of 599.

(e) All natural numbers are whole numbers.

(f ) All whole numbers are natural numbers.

(g) The predecessor of a two digit number is never a single digit number.

(h) 1 is the smallest whole number.

(i) The natural number 1 has no predecessor.

(j) The whole number 1 has no predecessor.

(k) The whole number 13 lies between 11 and 12.

(l) The whole number 0 has no predecessor.

(m) The successor of a two digit number is always a two digit number

 

Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 6 Maths Whole Numbers