NCERT Class 6 Maths Knowing our Numbers

Read and download NCERT Class 6 Maths Knowing our Numbers chapter in NCERT book for Class 6 Mathematics. You can download latest NCERT eBooks for 2022 chapter wise in PDF format free from Studiestoday.com. This Mathematics textbook for Class 6 is designed by NCERT and is very useful for students. Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 6 Mathematics to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter

Knowing Our Numbers Class 6 Mathematics NCERT

Class 6 Mathematics students should refer to the following NCERT Book chapter Knowing Our Numbers in standard 6. This NCERT Book for Grade 6 Mathematics will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Knowing Our Numbers NCERT Class 6

 

 

Knowing our Numbers

1.1 Introduction 

Counting things is easy for us now. We can count objects in large numbers, for example, the number of students in the school, and represent them through numerals. We can also communicate large numbers using suitable number names.

 It is not as if we always knew how to convey large quantities in conversation or through symbols. Many thousands years ago, people knew only small numbers. Gradually, they learnt how to handle larger numbers. They also learnt how to express large numbers in symbols. All this came through collective efforts of human beings. Their path was not easy, they struggled all along the way. In fact, the development of whole of Mathematics can be understood this way. As human beings progressed, there was greater need for development of Mathematics and as a result Mathematics grew further and faster.

We use numbers and know many things about them. Numbers help us count concrete objects. They help us to say which collection of objects is bigger and arrange them in order e.g., first, second, etc. Numbers are used in many different contexts and in many ways. Think about various situations where we use numbers. List five distinct situations in which numbers are used. We enjoyed working with numbers in our previous classes.

We have added, subtracted, multiplied and divided them. We also looked for patterns in number sequences and done many other interesting things with numbers. In this chapter, we shall move forward on such interesting things with a bit of review and revision as well.

1.2 Comparing Numbers

As we have done quite a lot of this earlier, let us see if we remember which is the greatest among these :

(i) 92,      392,   4456, 89742

(ii) 1902, 1920,  9201, 9021, 9210

So, we know the answers.

Discuss with your friends, how you find the number that is the greatest.

Try These

Can you instantly find the greatest and the smallest numbers in each row?

1. 382, 4972, 18, 59785, 750.        Ans. 59785 is the greatest and 18 is the smallest.

2. 1473, 89423, 100, 5000, 310.    Ans. ____________________

3. 1834, 75284, 111, 2333, 450 .   Ans. ____________________

4. 2853, 7691, 9999, 12002, 124.   Ans. ____________________

Was that easy? Why was it easy?

We just looked at the number of digits and found the answer. The greatest number has the most thousands and the smallest is only in hundreds or in tens.

Make five more problems of this kind and give to your friends to solve.

Now, how do we compare 4875 and 3542?

This is also not very difficult.These two numbers have the same number of digits. They are both in thousands. But the digit at the thousands place in 4875 is greater than that in 3542. Therefore, 4875 is greater than 3542. 

Next tell which is greater, 4875 or 4542? Here too the numbers have the same number of digits. Further, the digits at the thousands place are same in both. What do we do then? We move to the next digit, that is to the digit at the hundreds place. The digit at the hundreds place is greater in 4875 than in 4542. Therefore, 4875 is greater than 4542.

If the digits at hundreds place are also same in the two numbers, then what do we do?

Compare 4875 and 4889 ; Also compare 4875 and 4879.

 

Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 6 Maths Knowing our Numbers