NCERT Class 6 Maths Practical Geometry

Read and download NCERT Class 6 Maths Practical Geometry chapter in NCERT book for Class 6 Mathematics. You can download latest NCERT eBooks for 2022 chapter wise in PDF format free from Studiestoday.com. This Mathematics textbook for Class 6 is designed by NCERT and is very useful for students. Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 6 Mathematics to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter

Practical Geometry Class 6 Mathematics NCERT

Class 6 Mathematics students should refer to the following NCERT Book chapter Practical Geometry in standard 6. This NCERT Book for Grade 6 Mathematics will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Practical Geometry NCERT Class 6

 

Practical Geometry

14.1 Introduction 

We see a number of shapes with which we are familiar. We also make a lot of pictures. These pictures include different shapes. We have learnt about some of these shapes in earlier chapters as well. Why don’t you list those shapes that you know about alongwith how they appear?

In this chapter we shall learn to make these shapes. In making these shapes we need to use some tools. We shall begin with listing these tools, describing them and looking at how they are used.

We are going to consider “Ruler and compasses constructions”, using ruler, only to draw lines, and compasses, only to draw arcs.

Be careful while doing these constructions.

Here are some tips to help you.

(a) Draw thin lines and mark points lightly.

(b) Maintain instruments with sharp tips and fine edges.

(c) Have two pencils in the box, one for insertion into the compasses and the other to draw lines or curves and mark points.

14.2 The Circle

Look at the wheel shown here. Every point on its boundary is at an equal distance from its centre. Can you mention a few such objects and draw them? Think about five such objects which have this shape.

 

14.2.1 Construction of a circle when its radius is known

Suppose we want to draw a circle of radius 3 cm. We need to use our compasses.

Here are the steps to follow.

Step 1Open the compasses for the required radius of 3cm.

Step 2 Mark a point with a sharp pencil where we want the centre of the circle to be. Name it as O.

Step 3 Place the pointer of the compasses on O.

Step 4 Turn the compasses slowly to draw the circle. Be careful to complete the movement around in one instant. 

Think, discuss and write 

How many circles can you draw with a given centre O and a point, say P?

14.2 The Circle

Look at the wheel shown here. Every point on its boundary is at an equal distance from its centre. Can you mention a few such objects and draw them? Think about five such objects which have this shape.

EXERCISE 14.1

1. Draw a circle of radius 3.2 cm.

2. With the same centre O, draw two circles of radii 4 cm and 2.5 cm.

3. Draw a circle and any two of its diameters. If you join the ends of these diameters, what is the figure obtained? What figure is obtained if the diameters are perpendicular to each other? How do you check your answer?

4. Draw any circle and mark points A, B and C such that

(a) A is on the circle.     (b) B is in the interior of the circle.

(c) C is in the exterior of the circle.

5. Let A, B be the centres of two circles of equal radii; draw them so that each one of them passes through the centre of the other. Let them intersect at C and D. Examine whether AB and CD are at right angles.

Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 6 Maths Practical Geometry