NCERT Class 11 Home Science Relationships and Interactions



After completing this section the learner is able to—

• understand the meaning and definition of family.

• explain the importance of the family and its functions.

• describe the functions of family for overall development of the individual.

• a gain knowledge  of the family life cycle.

• analyse  dynamics  within the family.

• understand the importance of effective communication in the family.


The pictures show you scenes of children in their homes. Notice that there are adults taking care of children, including some older people. In some pictures there is only a mother or father and children. They are all related to each other by blood or through marriage or adoption. One thing common to all situations regardless of the socio-economic or cultural variation is that there are at least two or more than two generations of persons staying together, i.e., mother and children, grandparents and children, parents and adult unmarried children, related to each other by blood or marriage.An exception is that of two adults, a husband and wife, who are of the same generation, and yet they form the beginning of a family.


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