NCERT Class 11 English Landscape of the Soul

Read and download NCERT Class 11 English Landscape of the Soul chapter in NCERT book for Class 11 English. You can download latest NCERT eBooks chapter wise in PDF format free from Studiestoday.com. This English textbook for Class 11 is designed by NCERT and is very useful for students. Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 11 English to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter

NCERT Book for Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul

Class 11 English students should refer to the following NCERT Book chapter Hornbill Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul in standard 11. This NCERT Book for Grade 11 English will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Hornbill Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul NCERT Book Class 11

Landscape of the Soul

A WONDERFUL old tale is told about the painter Wu Daozi, who lived in the eighth century. His last painting was a landscape commissioned by the Tang Emperor Xuanzong, to decorate a palace wall. The master had hidden his work behind a screen, so only the Emperor would see it. For a long while, the Emperor admired the wonderful scene, discovering forests, high mountains, waterfalls, clouds floating in an immense sky, men on hilly paths, birds in flight. “Look, Sire”, said the painter, “in this cave, at the foot of the mountain, dwells a spirit.” The painter clapped his hands, and the entrance to the cave opened. “The inside is splendid, beyond anything words can convey. Please let me show Your Majesty the way.” The painter entered the cave; but the entrance closed behind him, and before the astonished Emperor could move or utter a word, the painting had vanished from the wall. Not a trace of Wu Daozi’s brush was left — and the artist was never seen again in this world.

Such stories played an important part in China’s classical education. The books of Confucius and Zhuangzi are full of them; they helped the master to guide his disciple in the right direction. Beyond the anecdote, they are deeply revealing of the spirit in  which art was considered. Contrast this story — or another famous one about a painter who wouldn’t draw the eye of a dragon he had painted, for fear it would fly out of the painting — with an old story from my native Flanders that I find most representative of Western painting.

In fifteenth century Antwerp, a master blacksmith called Quinten Metsys fell in love with a painter’s daughter. The father would not accept a son-in-law in such a profession. So Quinten sneaked into the painter’s studio and painted a fly on his latest panel, with such delicate realism that the master tried to swat it away before he realised what had happened. Quinten was immediately admitted as an apprentice into his studio. He married his beloved and went on to become one of the most famous painters of his age. These two stories illustrate what each form of art is trying to achieve: a perfect, illusionistic likeness in Europe, the essence of inner life and spirit in Asia.

In the Chinese story, the Emperor commissions a painting and appreciates its outer appearance. But the artist reveals to him the true meaning of his work. The Emperor may rule over the territory he has conquered, but only the artist knows the way within. “Let me show the Way”, the ‘Dao’, a word that means both the path or the method, and the mysterious works of the Universe. The painting is gone, but the artist has reached his goal — beyond any material appearance.

A classical Chinese landscape is not meant to reproduce an actual view, as would a Western figurative painting. Whereas the European painter wants you to borrow his eyes and look at a particular landscape exactly as he saw it, from a specific angle, the Chinese painter does not choose a single viewpoint. His landscape is not a ‘real’ one, and you can enter it from any point, then travel in it; the artist creates a path for your eyes to travel up and down, then back again, in a leisurely movement. This is even more true in the case of the horizontal scroll, in which the action of slowly opening one section of the painting, then rolling it up to move on to the other, adds a dimension of time which is unknown in any other form of painting. It also requires the active participation of the viewer, who decides at what pace he will travel through the painting — a participation which is physical as well as mental. The Chinese painter does not want you to borrow his eyes; he wants you to enter his mind. The landscape is an inner one, a spiritual and conceptual space.

Understanding the text

1. (i) Contrast the Chinese view of art with the European view with examples.

   (ii) Explain the concept of shanshui.

2. (i) What do you understand by the terms ‘outsider art’ and ‘art brut’ or ‘raw art’?

    (ii) Who was the “untutored genius who created a paradise” and what is the nature of his contribution to art?


Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 11 English Landscape of the Soul

Books recommended by teachers

Hornbill Chapter 01 The Portrait of a Lady
NCERT Class 11 English The Portrait of a Lady
Hornbill Chapter 02 Were Not Afraid to Die
NCERT Class 11 English Were Not Afraid to Die
Hornbill Chapter 03 Discovering Tut : the Saga Continues
NCERT Class 11 English Discovering Tut the Saga Continues
Hornbill Chapter 04 Landscape of the Soul
NCERT Class 11 English Landscape of the Soul
Hornbill Chapter 05 The Ailing Planet: the Green Movements Role
NCERT Class 11 English The Ailing Planet
Hornbill Chapter 06 The Browning Version
NCERT Class 11 English The Browning Version
Hornbill Chapter 07 The Adventure
NCERT Class 11 English The Adventure
Hornbill Chapter 08 Silk Road
NCERT Class 11 English Silk Road
Hornbill Writing Section Chapter 01 Note-making
NCERT Class 11 English Note making
Hornbill Writing Section Chapter 02 Summarising
NCERT Class 11 English Summarising
Hornbill Writing Section Chapter 03 Sub-titling
NCERT Class 11 English Sub titling
Hornbill Writing Section Chapter 04 Essay-writing
NCERT Class 11 English Essay writing
Hornbill Writing Section Chapter 05 Letter-writing
NCERT Class 11 English Letter writing
Hornbill Writing Section Chapter 06 Creative Writing
NCERT Class 11 English Creative Writing
Snapshots Chapter 01 The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse
NCERT Class 11 English The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse
Snapshots Chapter 02 The Address
NCERT Class 11 English The Address
Snapshots Chapter 03 Rangas Marriage
NCERT Class 11 English Rangas Marriage
Snapshots Chapter 04 Albert Einstein at School
NCERT Class 11 English Albert Einstein at School
Snapshots Chapter 05 Mothers Day
NCERT Class 11 English Mothers Day
Snapshots Chapter 06 The Ghat of the Only World
NCERT Class 11 English The Ghat of the Only World
Snapshots Chapter 07 Birth
NCERT Class 11 English Birth
Snapshots Chapter 08 The Tale of Melon City
NCERT Class 11 English The Tale of the Melon City
Woven Words Essays Chapter 01 My Watch
NCERT Class 11 English Elective My Watch
Woven Words Essays Chapter 02 My Three Passions
NCERT Class 11 English Elective My Three Passions
Woven Words Essays Chapter 03 Patterns of Creativity
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Patterns of Creativity
Woven Words Essays Chapter 04 Tribal Verse
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Tribal Verse
Woven Words Essays Chapter 05 What is a Good Book?
NCERT Class 11 English Elective What is a Good Book
Woven Words Essays Chapter 06 The Story
NCERT Class 11 English Elective The Story
Woven Words Essays Chapter 07 Bridges
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Bridges
Woven Words Poetry Chapter 01 The Peacock
NCERT Class 11 English Elective The Peacock
Woven Words Poetry Chapter 02 Let me Not to the Marriage of True Minds
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Let Me Not to the Marriage
Woven Words Poetry Chapter 03 Coming Philip Larkin
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Coming
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Haiku
Woven Words Poetry Chapter 04 Telephone Conversation
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Telephone Conversation
Woven Words Poetry Chapter 05 The World is too Much with Us
NCERT Class 11 English Elective The World is too Much with Us
Woven Words Poetry Chapter 06 Mother Tongue
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Mother Tongue
Woven Words Poetry Chapter 07 Hawk Roosting
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Hawk Roosting
Woven Words Poetry Chapter 09 Refugee Blues
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Refugee Blues
Woven Words Poetry Chapter 10 Felling of the Banyan Tree
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Felling of the Banyan Tree
Woven Words Poetry Chapter 11 Ode to a Nightingale
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Ode to a Nightingale
Woven Words Poetry Chapter 12 Ajamil and the Tigers
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Ajamil and the Tigers
Woven Words Short Stories Chapter 01 The Lament
NCERT Class 11 English Elective The Lament
Woven Words Short Stories Chapter 02 A Pair of Mustachios
NCERT Class 11 English Elective A Pair of Mustachios
Woven Words Short Stories Chapter 03 The Rocking-horse Winner
NCERT Class 11 English Elective The Rocking horse Winner
Woven Words Short Stories Chapter 04 The Adventure of the Three Garridebs
NCERT Class 11 English Elective The Adventure of the Three
Woven Words Short Stories Chapter 05 Pappachis Moth
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Pappachis Moth
Woven Words Short Stories Chapter 06 The Third and Final Continent
NCERT Class 11 English Elective The Third and Final Continent
Woven Words Short Stories Chapter 07 Glory at Twilight
NCERT Class 11 English Elective Glory at Twilight
Woven Words Short Stories Chapter 08 The Luncheon
NCERT Class 11 English Elective The Luncheon