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Passage : 4
A.1 Read the passage given below and write the options that you consider the most appropriate.
Hundreds of thousands of our qualified youngsters take off from different international airports every year for higher studies or highly lucrative jobs in the US, the UK, ,Germany, France and Australia. And most of these Indians prefer to settle down abroad, attracted by the facilities and the higher quality of life provided by these countries. We have been crying hoarse about the brain drain from India over the last five decades or more, without going in for a wellset blueprint to check the counter-productive phenomenon. Some of the public schools in our metros and our IITs (Indian Institutes of Technology) and IIMs (Indian Institutes of Managernent) are providing world-class education. One might wonder that having spent a lot on infrastructure, training and other facilities and the best teaching staff, can the Government and the people of India look away as the talent, assiduously nurtured in India, is utilised by other countries for their development and excellence in different fields
Critics ask that when other developed countries provide higher facilities, pay packages and perks, how can you dissuade our youngsters from going abroad ? What has been our loss has been the gain of the countries where our youth has migrated. Kalpana Chawla, the first Indian-American woman astronaut in space, had been a role model for every woman -world over including India. Though she became an IndianAmerican, we still lionise her as a citizen who could climb to the summit of excellence, when given a chance. Two distinguished scientists who won Nobel Prize for their meritorious work in Physics and Medicine in 1983 and 1968, were Dr. S. Chandrasekhar and Dr. Hargobind Khorana, respectively. They were working in the US. One might ask had they been working in India, would they have ever got the highly-prestigious prize like the Nobel Prize ?
Early in 2005, the US took a decision to ease visa restrictions on foreign scientists and academics prompted by the US National Academy of Engineering’s 2005 scroll of honour containing several foreign-born members, including five scholars of Indian origin. The five Indians who were named among the 74 new members for the year 2005 were Prof. Subhash Mahajan, Chairman, Department of Chemical and Material Engineering, Arizona State University; Prof. Arunava Majumdar, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley; Mr. R. Shankar Nair; senior Vice-President, Teng & Associates, Chicago; Prof. Raja V Ramani, Professor Emeritus, Mining and Geo-environmental Engineering, Pennsylvania State University; and Dr. Subhash Singhal, Director of Fuel Cells, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington. These eminent Indians were recognised for their work in areas such as semi-conductors, fuel cells, nanotechnology, building technology and coal mine safety. These five professionals joined an elite list of some 2,000 engineers, including around 50 Indians, who are lifetime members of the National Academy of Engineering and Sciences. Honourees of 2004 included Stephen Hawking and Bill Gates. Among the distinguished American Indians, who are members of this body include, Nobel Laureates Dr. Hargobind Khorana and Dr. S. Chandrasekhar. ,
During the decades-long debate on the brain drain, it was said that ouryoungsters leave India just because excellence is neither recognised nor rewarded- in India. This could have been partly true at the beginning of this debate. But today, things have changed beyond recognition and talented people can reach the highest position possible if only they are prepared to work hard.
Youngsters fron India - Whatever be the field they are working in - are today suitably recognised and rewarded. Take the field of sports where many of the celebrities are household names - Sania Mirza, Narain Karthikeyan, Sachin Tendulkar, Anju Bobby George, P.T. Usha and several others. Innovation and managerial skill get recognition when Indians can vie with others in excellence from any part of the world.
If there is one individual who has catapulted India to the number one position in milk production in the world, it’s none other than Dr. Verghese Kurien, the father of the White Revolution.. A top engineer who completed the Konkan Railway in record time, Mr. E. Sreedharan has built up the world class Delhi Metro. Mr. Amitabh Bachchan is no longer a megastar of the Indian screen only.
A. Our qualified and talented youngsters leave for abroad for ....
ii) higher study and better jobs
iii) propogating India’s greatness
iv) helping Indian students in Australia
B. The ‘counter-productive phenomenon’ refers to
i) lucrative jobs abroad
ii) restrictions on foreigners
iii) brain drain
iv) problem of unemplyment
C. The author does not agree with the view that our youngster leave India because excellence is neither recognised nor rewarded in India. He is of the opinion that talent can reach the top if he/she is ....
i) a throughout first class
ii) a public school educated
iii) offered higher salary and perks
iv) is ready to work hard.
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