CBSE Class 10 English Assignment - Passage 5. Students are advised to refer to the attached assignments and practice them regularly. This will help them to identify their weak areas and will help them to score better in examination. Parents should download and give the assignments to their children for practice.
PASSAGE No. 5
5. Read the following passage carefully: (8 Marks)
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a
checkeredgameboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid. Chess is
played by millions of people worldwide, both amateurs and professionals.
Each player begins the game with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks,
two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. Each of the six piecetypes
moves differently. The most powerful piece is the queen and the least powerful
piece is the pawn. The objective is to 'checkmate' the opponent's king by placing it
under an inescapable threat of capture. To this end, a player's pieces are used to attack
and capture the opponent's pieces, while supporting their own. In addition to
checkmate, the game can be won by voluntary resignation by the opponent, which
typically occurs when too much material is lost, or if checkmate appears unavoidable. A
game may also result in a draw in several ways.
Chess is believed to have originated in India, some time before the 7th century, being
derived from the Indian game of Chaturanga. Chaturanga is also the likely ancestor of
the Eastern strategy games Xiangqi, Janggi and Shogi. The pieces took on their current
powers in Spain in the late 15th century; the rules were finally standardized in the 19th
century. The first generally recognized World Chess Champion, Wilhelm Steinitz,
claimed his title in 1886. Since 1948, the World Championship has been controlled
by FIDE, the game's international governing body; the current World Champion is the
Norwegian Magnus Carlsen. FIDE also organizes the Women's World Championship,
the World Junior Championship, the World Senior Championship, the Blitz and Rapid
World Championships and the Chess Olympiad, a popular competition among teams
from different nations. There is also a Correspondence Chess World Championship and
a World Computer Chess Championship. Online chess has opened amateur and
professional competition to a wide and varied group of players. There are also
many chess variants, with different rules, different pieces, and different boards.
On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer the following questions:
a) What things are required to play chess?
b) Name the six pieces which move differently?
c) What kind of power do the queen and the pawn have?
d) How can king be put into checkmate?
e) What are the other ways of winning a chess game?
f) When did obtaining power to pieces and standardizing rules in chess take place?
g) What is the role of FIDE?
h) Find a word from paragraph No. 2 that is opposite to the word ‘successor’.
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