CBSE Class 10 English Passage Assignment Set A. Students are advised to refer to the attached assignments and practice them regularly. This will help them to identify their weak areas and will help them to score better in examination. Parents should download and give the assignments to their children for practice.
Read the passage given below.
The incidence of dengue has grown dramatically around the world in recent decades. A vast majority of cases are asymptomatic or mild and self-managed, and hence the actual numbers of dengue cases are underreported or often misdiagnosed.
One estimate indicates 390 million dengue virus infections per year (95% credible interval 284 –528 million), of which 96 million (67–136 million) manifest clinically (with any severity of disease). The number of dengue cases reported to WHO increased over 8 fold over the last two decades.This alarming increase in case numbers is partly explained by a change in national practices to record and report dengue to the Ministries of Health, and to the WHO. But it also represents government recognition of the burden, and therefore the pertinence to report dengue disease.
Before 1970, only 9 countries had experienced severe dengue epidemics. The disease is now endemic in more than 100 countries in the WHO regions of Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, South -East Asia and the Western Pacific, The America, South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions are the most seriously affected, with Asia representing ~70% of the global burden of disease.
In 2020, dengue continues to affect several countries, with reports of increases in the numbers of cases in Bangladesh, Brazil, Cook Islands, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Mauritania, Mayotte (Fr), Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Thailand, Timor-Leste and Yemen.
The largest number of dengue cases ever reported globally was in 2019. All regions were affected, and dengue transmission was recorded in Afghanistan for the first time.
The first dengue vaccine, Dengvaxia® (CYD-TDV) developed by Sanofi Pasteur was licensed in December 2015 and has now been approved by regulatory authorities in ~20 countries. In November 2017, the results of an additional analysis to retrospectively determine serostatus at the time of vaccination were released.
As described in the WHO position paper on the Dengvaxia vaccine (September 2018) the dengue vaccine CYD-TDV has been shown in clinical trials to be efficacious and safe in persons who have had a previous dengue virus infection. However, it carries an increased risk of severe dengue in those who experience their first natural dengue infection after vaccination. For countries considering vaccination as part of their dengue control programme, pre-vaccination screening is the recommended strategy.
On the basis of your understanding of the passage attempt the questions that follow.
Question. In the line, ‗and therefore the pertinence to report dengue disease‘ , the word pertinence doe s not mean
Question. According to the WHO report, around 70% of the dengue cases from around the world,
a. Affect people in Asia
b. Misdiagnosed in Asia
c. Do not occur in Asia
d. Remain untreated in Asia
Question. The actual number of dengue cases are more than the figures in the reports because:
a. There has been a misprint
b. Cases reported late
c. Cases are under-reported
d. Cases constantly increase
Question. Choose the option that is correct about the rise in the number of dengue cases
a. Rise in dengue is due to rise in tourism
b. Dengue is being tested and reported in vast numbers
c. Dengue is a communicable disease
d. Dengue spread is uncontrollable
Question. According to this WHO report which year recorded the maximum number of Dengue cases?
Question. Which statement is not true about the dengue vaccine as stated in the report?
a. Dengue vaccine works effectively on people who have been infected before
b. Dengue vaccine works effectively on people who haven‘t been infected before
c. Dengue vaccine must be administered to people in the countries where it is an endemic
d. Dengue vaccine has been in clinical trials but the results are not as expected
Question. What does the word ‗endemic‘ refer to?
a. Disease regularly found in people of a certain area
b. Disease irregularly found in people of a certain area
c. Disease regularly found in people any where
d. Disease irregularly found in people any where
Question. The number of cases of Dengue reported to WHO
a. Decreased 8 times in the last ten years
b. Decreased 10 times in the last twenty years
c. Increased 10 times in the last eight years
d. Increased 8 times in the last twenty years
Question. What is the above report informing us about? Choose the most appropriate response
a. Spread of dengue and its effects around the world
b. Spread of dengue and its under-reportage
c. Spread of Dengue and how it affects Asia
d. Spread of Dengue and directions on the use of vaccine
Question. Where do we need to administer the dengue vaccine?
a. In country where dengue is wide-spread
b. In country where dengue may spread
c. In country where dengue spread is limited
d. In country where dengue spread originated
Read the passage given below.
1. A youngster quit Face book in December after spending over three years on the social networking site.With that one act, he bid a silent adieu to more than 300 contacts that he had added to his account during the period. Like almost everyone from his ―friends‘ circle,‖ the 20–year–old was a regular on the service; visiting it every day to post photos and status updates. But last week, a new feature on Face book called Timeline forced him to reconsider the pros and cons of being on the networking site.
2. ‗Everyone has some skeletons in their closet and I am just not comfortable with Face book digging up and displaying all the facets of my life on a bulletin board,‘ says this youngster who joined the network in July 2007 while he was in Class 11.
3. Face book, you see, had compressed the time he spent on the site and arranged it in chronological order. And while he initially liked the new, neatly organised scrapbook–like feature, he wasn‘t happy to reveal posts from the past, those that, until recently, were hidden under layers and layers of recent updates.Just clicking on a date on the timeline could transport his friends back in time and enable them to view every embarrassing comment, link or photo he had posted on his profile.
4. ―I think it‘s a recipe for disaster,‖ he says. ―In 2007, I had some wall posts, which seemed appropriate at the time, but now after a lapse of four years, I have moved on and don‘t want them to be openly displayed for all to see.‖
5. And he is not alone. Many users, worried about how Face book activity could possibly affect their offline lives, are choosing to commit ‗Face book suicide‘. While some have privacy concerns, others feel that the site that was meant to bring them closer to their friends actually does the opposite – it reduces their friendship to something superficial.
6. ―Poking and liking are not enough to keep a friendship going,‖ says a business analyst. Having quit Face book three years ago, she prefers meeting her ‗real‘ friends face–to–face, instead of reading their trite posts online.
7. ―On Face book, people hype everyday issues including what they ate and where they went on a daily basis,‖ says this analyst who continues to use Twitter.
8. Similarly, an engineering student, quit Face book last December four years after joining it. One fine day, he exported all the data from his account into a little zip file and hit the delete button.
9. ―I realised that when it came to my friends who really mattered, I could actually keep in touch with them over the phone or by meeting them in real life,‖ he wrote on his blog.
On the basis of your understanding of the passage, answer the questions that follow.
Question. The feature of Face book where one can see the posts, the embarrassing comments and thoughts, photos and links that a person has put on his profile in the past is:
a. create story
b. face book live
Question. According to the passage, the social media:
a. can cause more harm than good.
b. Is just a waste of time.
c. connects one to real life.
d. provides opportunity to meet people face to face.
Question. The feature ‗Timeline‘ on Face book according to passage, forces the youngster to reconsider:
a. meeting friends face to face.
b. increasing use of social media.
c. saving time on social media.
d. the advantages and disadvantages of being on Face book
Question. Many people are getting out of Face book as they feel:
a. addicted to it.
b. that their face book activity could affect their real life
c. they should join Instagram, Whatsapp or Twitter.
d. poking and liking is not enough
Question. The meaning of the word ‗share‘ in Para 3 is:
Question. Which of the following is OPPOSITE in meaning to the word ‗retained‘ as used in the passage?
Question. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE in the context of the passage?
a. People love being poked and liked on Face book.
b. People visit social media everyday to post photos and for status updates.
c. No one prefers meeting ‗real‘ friends face–to–face, instead of reading their trite posts online.
d. Few think that social media reduces their friendship to something superficial.
Question. The phrase ―Face book suicide‖ refers to get someone:
a. Poking and liking
b. quitting face book as it could affect their real life.
c. clicking on a date on the timeline
d. using Twitter
Question. Which of the following statements is TRUE in the context of the passage?
a. Time spent on social media is better than meeting face‐to‐face.
b. Social media use could increase the time teens spend together in person.
c. Stalking, personal attacks, and misuse of information are some of the threats faced by the users of social media.
d. Face book activity does not affect real life.
Question. Select the option that makes the correct use of ―trite‖, as used in the passage, to fill in the blank space.
a. At that moment, his words sounded _______ to me.
b. It was either a __________ or an excellent copy.
c. Her ___________ powers give life and colour to her paintings.
d. A little __________ air might clear some of the cobwebs.
PASSAGE No. 1 (With solutions)
1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
SPEEDING UP INDIA’S JOURNEY BY BULLET TRAINS
By: Vijay Kumar Dutt, Indian Railways High speed in Indian Railways is at present limited to 150 KMPH. However, in many other countries the speed of Railways is of the order of 200 KM per hour (KMPH). In France, Japan, Germany, China, Spain and South Korea high speed traction above 280 KMPH has been introduced. India and Japan have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on 12th December, 2015 on cooperation and assistance in the Mumbai–Ahmedabad High Speed Rail (HSR) Project referred to by many as ‘Bullet Train Project’. Japan has offered an assistance of over Rs. 79,000 crore for the project. The loan is for a period of 50 years with a moratorium of 15 years, at an interest rate of 0.1 per cent.
The project is a 508-kilometre Railway line costing a total of Rs 97,636 crore, to be implemented in a period of seven years. It has been agreed that for the Mumbai – Ahemdabad HSR Project. Japan’s Shinkansen Technology, known for its speeds reliability and safety, will be adopted. Transfer of technology and “Make in India” will be essential part of this assistance package. Japan will also assist India in training of personnel for HSR.’ The two countries have also entered into two comprehensive technological cooperation agreements on 11th December 2015, for modernization and upgradation of Indian railways. These agreements have been signed during the official visit to India of His Excellency Mr. Shinzo Abe, the Prime Minister of Japan, during December 11-13, 2015.
On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer the questions:
a) Name the countries where high speed traction above 280 KMPH has been introduced.
b) Which project is known as “Bullet Train Project”?
c) How much time and money is estimated for the Project?
d) Which technology will be adopted for the Project?
e) What agreements were signed during 11th December to 13th December 2015?
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