Read CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage N below, students should read unseen passage for class 10 English available on Studiestoday.com with solved questions and answers. These topic wise unseen comprehension for class 10 English with answers have been prepared by English teacher of Grade 10. These short passages have been designed as per the latest syllabus for class 10 English and if practiced thoroughly can help you to score good marks in standard 10 English class tests and examinations
CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage N. Students should do unseen passages for class 10 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers.
Read the following passage carefully.
1.The three main over-the-counter painkillers are aspirin, paracetamol and ibuprofen. Aspirin and ibuprofen are NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). They reduce pain, fever and inflammation, while paracetamol, which is not a NSAID, reduces only pain fever and not inflammation. These drugs-along with weak opioids such as codeine-are excellent at relieving all kinds of pain, headaches and migraines.
2.NSAIDs are clever drugs, and have benefits beyond pain management. Many older people take a low-dose aspirin every day because studies show that it can thin the blood, reducing the risk of clots that can lead to a heart attack or a stroke.
3.“There is scientific evidence to suggest that aspirin and other anti-inflammatory drugs can help to prevent some types of cancers from developing, “says Anthea Martin, science information officer at Cancer Research U.K. However, “people should not start taking aspirin in order to reduce their chances of getting cancer unless advised to by their doctor.”The side effects outweigh the possible benefits.
4.All painkillers, in fact, have side effects. Paracetamol is the first rung on the GP’s so-called “Analgesic Ladder” because it has the fewest. But an overdose of just 15g-about 30 tablets-can cause fatal liver damage.
5.NSAIDs can, if used over several months, not only raise your risk of a coronary disease but can also attack your stomach lining, causing stomach ulcers or bleeding. This risk increases the longer you take the drugs-doing so for das is usually safer than for weeks or months. There are other downsides: NSAIDs can trigger an asthma attack in about 10 percent of asthma sufferers, can cause renal failure, may interact badly with other medications, and can damage an unborn child (paracetamol, on the other hand, is safe to take when pregnant or breastfeeding). These drugs may be effective, but they are hardly risk-free.
6.Codeine is very effective but it, too, has downsides: it can make you sick, drowsy or constipated, itchy, sweaty or dry mouthed, and very occasionally, may make you hallucinate. On the plus side, codeine can make you delightfully relaxed and serene. This is why painkillers containing codeine have become infamous in recent years as the addiction of choice for stressed-out celebrities, who can always blame back pain when they enter rehabilitation.
7“It is perfectly reasonable to take NSAIDs for long-term pain, as long as you do so with your doctor’s advice,” says Dr. Quinlan. ”it is about striking a risk-benefit balance.”
Answer the following questions briefly:
1.How is paracetamol different from NSAIDs in its effects?
2.Why does the author call NSAIDs “clever drugs”?
3.Why does Anthea Martin of Cancer Research UK caution against the use of aspirin to reduce chances of getting cancer?
4.How can paracetamol, which is otherwise safe, be fatal?
5.What are some the side-effects of NSAIDs? List any four.
6.What is the downside of codeine?
7.What has made codeine based painkillers infamous as addiction of choice?
8.What is Dr. Quinlan’s advice on the use of NSAIDs for long-term pain?
9.Which word in paragraph 5 of the passage means the opposite of “advantages”?
Suggested answers the following questions:
1.NSAID reduces pain, lever and inflammation while poracetand reduces only pain and fever and not inflammation.
2.NSAID’s are clever drugs they have benefits beyond pain management older people take low – close aspirin everyday to reduce risk of clots that can lead to heart attack or a stroke.
3.Anthea Martin suggested not to take aspirin in order to reduce the chances of getting cancer unless advices by doctors. They can have side-effects outweigh the possible benefits.
4.Paracetamol is safe, but an overdose of just 15g about 30 tablets can cause fatal liver damage.
(i) NSAID’s raises the rest of coronary diseases.
(ii) It can attack stomach lining, causing stomach ulcers and bleeding.
(iii) It can trigger an ashima attack.
(iv) It can because rend failure, may interact badly with other medication and damage on unborn body.
1.Downside of codeine it can make the person sick drowsy or constipated it Chy, sweaty, dry mouthed and hallucinated.
2.Painkillers containing codeine became infamous as addiction of choice for stressed out celebrities, who can blame back pain when they enter rehabilitation.
3.NSAID’s are perfectly reasonable for long term pain as long as with doctor’s advice.