Read CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage C below, students should read unseen passage for class 10 English available on Studiestoday.com with solved questions and answers. These topic wise unseen comprehension for class 10 English with answers have been prepared by English teacher of Grade 10. These short passages have been designed as per the latest syllabus for class 10 English and if practiced thoroughly can help you to score good marks in standard 10 English class tests and examinations
CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage C. Students should do unseen passages for class 10 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers.
Read the passage carefully:
Modern town planning has overlooked the role of waterways in shaping urban development. As road transport developed and the motor car became civilisation’s poster boy, inland water transport suffered economic undesirability and declined gradually. Waterways, whether natural or man-made, were neglected. They often turned into open sewers. Their banks become sites for ugly slums.
Environmental degradation of cities and frequent water-logging of streets have taken our attention back to rivers and waterways. Water authorities in many countries, including India, are now taking up de-siltation projects. But the larger role of rivers and water bodies in urban life is still not recognised.
Rivers and waterways can have a place in the transport plan of a city or metropolitan area. They should primarily be used for goods’ transport. The essentially slow nature of water transport means such transport is unlikely to serve the needs of the eternally hurried city worker, except when it cuts considerable distances short – a ferry crossing, for example – or when it combines reasonably high speed with special comfort – a river journey on a motor – boat, for example, can be an alternative to a gruelling land journey.
To be a viable alternative to road transport, waterways must be planned as a network. The network must effectively connect with origins and destinations of goods traffic. In the past, rivers were used to transport agriculture and forest products, minerals, iron ore, coal and sometimes construction material as well. Many in the business of such goods are sure to find water transport attractive – and more affordable than road transport – even today. But for that to happen the various depots and godowns, wholesale markets and brick kilns, the ports, railway stations and truck terminals have to be linked with water transport facilities.
Containerisation – use of containers that can be loaded and unloaded, stacked, transported efficiently over long distances, and transferred from one mode of transport to another – is widely used to transport freight over oceans. But inland water transport is not yet equipped to handle this. Its modernisation requires construction of jetties and crafts equipped to carry containerised freight.
But before all that, we need minimum depths of water. Waterways have to be supplied water at times of the year when levels are low. That means waterways will have to be part of the city ecosystem consisting of lakes and ponds. Smaller water bodies will be useful in regulating flows of the larger waterways. Untreated wastewater should not be allowed into the waterways.
Strong statutory support is necessary, otherwise all that I have said here will be found only in planning documents projected great “vision” of future.
1.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions:
1.What led to the neglect of waterways as means of transport?
2.How has neglecting waterways affected us?
3.How can waterways be made a viable alternative to road transport? How can they benefit industry and business?
4.What is containerisation and why are our country’s inland water transport facilities unable to handle it?
5.What recommendation does the author make to make waterways usable throughout the year?
1.2 Complete any two of the following statements briefly:
1.In order to make rivers and waterways more suitable for transport …………....….. are being undertaken by many countries including India.
2.“But for that to happen ………….” (Paragraph 4) here ‘that’ refers to …………
3.Despite its slow nature, water transport can become suitable for city dwellers if it: (i) ………….. and (ii) …………
1.3 Find words/phrases in the passage that mean the same as the following. Attempt any two:
1.A representative or symbol of something (paragraph 1)
2.Very difficult and tiring (paragraph 3)
3.Practically possible (paragraph 4)
1.1 Suggested answers for the above given questions:
1.Modern town planning had overlooked the role of waterways as means of transport. As road transport developed and motor car become civilisation poster boy, inland water transport suffered economic undesirability and declined gradually.
2.Neglecting waterways affected us by environmental degradation of cities and frequent water logging of streets. The banks have often turned into open sewers. Their banks become sites for ugly slums.
3.Waterways can be a viable alternative to road transport and it must be planned as a network. The network must effectively connect with origin and destination of good traffic. For business and industry water transport are more affordable than road transport.
4.Containerisation is use of containers that can be loaded and unloaded, stocked, transported efficiently over long distances, and transferred from one mode of transport to another. Island water transport is not yet equipped to handle containerisation.
5.To make waterways usable throughout the year minimum depth of water is needed. Waterways will have to be a part of city ecosystem consisting of lakes and ponds. Smaller water bodies will be useful in regulating flow of the larger waterways.
1.2 Suggested answers for the above given questions:
(i) a ferry crossing
(ii) a river journey on motor boat
1.3 Suggested answer for the above given questions:
1.A representative or symbol of something means Poster boy.
2.Very difficult and tiring means Gruelling.
3.Practically possible means Viable.