CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage B

Read CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage B below, students should read unseen passage for class 10 English available on Studiestoday.com with solved questions and answers. These topic wise unseen comprehension for class 10 English with answers have been prepared by English teacher of Grade 10. These short passages have been designed as per the latest syllabus for class 10 English and if practiced thoroughly can help you to score good marks in standard 10 English class tests and examinations

CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage B. Students should do unseen passages for class 10 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers. 

Unseen Passage for Class 10

1. As heart disease continues to be the number one killer in the United States, researchers have become increasingly interested in identifying the potential risk factors that trigger heart attacks. High-fat diets and life in the fast lane have long been known to contribute to the high incidence of heart failure.

2. But according to new studies, the list of risk factors may be significantly longer and quite surprising.

3. Heart failure, e.g., appears to have seasonal and temporal patterns. A higher percentage of heart attacks occurs in cold weather and more people experience heart failure on Monday than on any other day of the week. In addition, people are more susceptible to heart attacks in the first few hours after waking. Cardiologists first observed this morning phenomenon in the mid-1980 and have since discovered a number of possible causes. An early-morning rise in blood pressure, heart rate and concentration of heart stimulating hormones, plus a reduction of blood flow to the heart, may all contribute to the higher incidence of heart attacks between the hours of 8.00 a.m. and 10.00 a.m.

4. In other studies, both birthday and bachelorhood have been implicated as risk factors. Statistics reveal that heart attack rate increases significantly for both females and males in the few days immediately preceding and following their birthdays. And unmarried men are more at risk for heart attacks than their married counterparts. Though stress is thought to be linked in some way to all of the aforementioned risk factors, intense research continues in the hope of future comprehending why and how heart failure is triggered.

Question. What does the passage mainly discuss?
(i) Cardiology
(ii) Diet and stress as factors in heart attacks
(iii) Seasonal and temporal patterns of heart attacks
(iv) Risk factors in heart attacks
Ans : (iii) Seasonal and temporal patterns of heart attacks

Question. The word ‘potential’ could best be replaced by which of the following?
(i) Harmful
(ii) Possible
(iii) Unknown
(iv) Primary
Ans : (ii) Possible

Question. According to the passage, which of the following is not a possible cause of many heart attacks?
(i) Decreased blood flow to the heart
(ii) Increased blood pressure
(iii) Lower heart rate
(iv) Increase in hormones
Ans : (iii) Lower heart rate

Question. Which of the following is cited as a possible risk factor?
(i) Getting married
(ii) Rainy weather
(iii) Eating fatty foods
(iv) Driving fast
Ans : (iii) Eating fatty foods

Question. As used in the passage, which of the following could best replace the word ‘reveal’?
(i) Observe
(ii) Show
(iii) Explain
(iv) Mean
Ans : (ii) Show

Question. Which of the following does the passage infer?
(i) We now fully understand how the risk factors trigger heart attacks
(ii) We do not fully understand how the risk factors trigger heart attacks
(iii) We have not identified risk factors associated with heart attacks
(iv) We have recently begun to study how risk factors work
Ans : (ii) We do not fully understand how the risk factors trigger heart attacks

Question. Choose the word opposite in meaning to the word ‘intense’ as used in the passage.
(i) casual
(ii) significant
(iii) serious
(iv) necessary
Ans : (i) casual

Question. Pick out a word from the passage, which means
‘very likely to be influenced or affected’.
(i) triggered
(ii) stimulating
(iii) susceptible
(iv) temporal
Ans : (iii) susceptible

Question. The passage is most likely to be
(i) a report
(ii) an article
(iii) a letter
(iv) an itinerary
Ans : (ii) an article

Question. The antonym of “aforementioned” is
(i) last
(ii) forward
(iii) introductory
(iv) head
Ans : (i) last

 

Class 10 English Unseen Passage

1. Management is a set of processes that can keep a complicated system of people and technology running smoothly. The most important aspects of management include planning, budgeting, organizing, staffing, controlling, and problem-solving. Leadership is a set of processes that creates organisations in the first place or adapts them to significantly changing circumstances. Leadership defines what the future should look like, aligns people with that vision, and inspires them to make it happen despite the obstacles. This distinction is absolutely crucial for our purposes here: Successful transformation is 70 to 90 per cent leadership and only 10 to 30 per cent management. Yet for historical reasons, many organisations today don’t have much leadership. And almost everyone thinks about the problems here as one of managing change.

2. For most of this century, as we created thousands and thousands of large organizations for the first time in human history, we didn’t have enough good managers to keep all those bureaucracies functioning. So many companies and universities developed management programmes, and hundreds and thousands of people were encouraged to learn management on the job. And they did. But, people were taught little about leadership. To some degree, management was emphasized because it’s easier to teach than leadership. But even more so, management was the main item on the twentiethcentury agenda because that’s what was needed. For every entrepreneur or business builder who was a leader, we needed hundreds of managers to run their ever growing enterprises.

3. Unfortunately for us today, this emphasis on management has often been institutionalized in corporate cultures that discourage employees from learning how to lead. Ironically, past success is usually the key ingredient in producing this outcome. The syndrome, as I have observed it on many occasions, goes like this: success creates some degree of market dominance, which in turn produces much growth. After a while keeping the ever larger organizations under control becomes the primary challenge. So attention turns inward, and managerial competencies are nurtured. With a strong emphasis on management but not on leadership, bureaucracy and an inward focus take over. But with continued success, the result mostly of market dominance, the problem often goes unaddressed and an unhealthy arrogance begins to evolve. All of these characteristics then make any transformation effort much more difficult.

4. Arrogant managers can over-evaluate their current performance and competitive position, listen poorly, and learn slowly. Inwardly focused employees can have difficulty seeing the very forces that present threats and opportunities. Bureaucratic cultures an smother those who want to respond to shifting conditions. And the lack of leadership leaves no fore inside these organizations to break out of the morass.

Question. What is the main topic of the passage?
(i) Importance of management schools in the present context
(ii) Good managers
(iii) Importance of leadership in an organization
(iv) Management and success of an organization
Ans : (iii) Importance of leadership in an organization

Question. Why did companies and universities develop programmes to prepare managers in large numbers?
(i) Companies and managers wanted to generate funds through these programs
(ii) Organizations wanted to create communication networks through trained managers
(iii) a Large number of organizations were created and they needed managers in good numbers
(iv) Only trained managers could lead an organization to success
Ans : (iii) a Large number of organizations were created and they needed managers in good numbers

Question. Which of the following statements is not true according to the passage?
(i) Bureaucratic cultures smother those who want to change conditions
(ii) Leadership involves carrying out important functions such as budgeting and planning
(iii) Pressure on managers comes mostly from within
(iv) Leadership has the potential to establish direction
Ans : (ii) Leadership involves carrying out important functions such as budgeting and planning

Question. Management education was emphasized in the management programs because
(i) Motivating employees were thought to be done by managers
(ii) Organizations wanted to create a powerful guiding coalition
(iii) Establishing direction was the main force of organizations
(iv) Management was the main item on the agenda in organizations.
Ans : (iv) Management was the main item on the agenda in organizations.

Question. What is the historical reason for many organizations not having leadership?
(i) Leaders allow too much complacency in organizations
(ii) Leaders are not adept in carrying out managerial functions and organizations need good managers only
(iii) The view that leaders are born and not made
(iv) Socio-political pressure
Ans : (ii) Leaders are not adept in carrying out managerial functions and organizations need good managers only

Question. Which of the following is similar in meaning to the underlined word ‘nurtured’ as used in the passage?
(i) Created
(ii) Developed
(iii) Surfaced
(iv) Thwarted
Ans : (ii) Developed

Question. Why, according to the author, is a distinction between management and leadership crucial?
(i) Leaders are reactive whereas managers are proactive.
(ii) Organisations are facing problems of not getting good managers.
(iii) Organisations are pursuing the strategy of status quo.
(iv) In today’s context, organizations need leaders much more than managers in transforming them.
Ans : (iv) In today’s context, organizations needle aders much more than managers in transforming them.

Question. Which of the following is not the characteristic of bureaucratic culture?
(i) Managers listen poorly and learn slowly.
(ii) Managerial competencies are nurtured.
(iii) Employees clearly see the forces that present threats and opportunities.
(iv) Prevalence of unhealthy arrogance.
Ans : (iii) Employees clearly see the forces that present threats and opportunities.

Question. Which of the following is similar in meaning to the word ‘smother’ as used in the passage?
(i) suppress
(ii) encourage
(iii) instigate
(iv) criticise
Ans : (i) suppress

Question. How has the author defined management?
(i) It is the process of adapting organizations to changing circumstances.
(ii) It is the system of aligning people with the direction it has taken.
(iii) It refers to creating a vision to help direct the change effort.
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iii) It refers to creating a vision to help direct the change effort.

Question. Why does the attention of large organizations turn inward?
(i) Their managers become arrogant.
(ii) They have to keep themselves under control.
(iii) Their success creates market dominance.
(iv) None of these
Ans : (ii) They have to keep themselves under control.

Question. What, according to the author, is leadership?
(i) Process which keeps the system of people and technology running smoothly
(ii) Planning the future and budgeting resources of the organization
(iii) Inspiring people to realize the vision
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iii) Inspiring people to realize the vision

Question. Which of the following characteristics helps organizations in their transformation efforts?
(i) Emphasis on leadership but not on management
(ii) A strong and dogmatic culture
(iii) Bureaucratic and inward-looking approach
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iv) None of these

Question. Why were people taught little about leadership in management programmes?
(i) Teachers were busy in understanding the phenomenon of leadership.
(ii) Enough study material was not available to facilitate teaching of leadership.
(iii) Focus of these programmes was on developing managers.
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iii) Focus of these programmes was on developing managers.

Question. Which of the following statement is/are definitely true in the context of the passage?
A. Bureaucracy fosters strong and arrogant culture.
B. Leadership competencies are nurtured in large- size organizations.
C. Successful transformation in organizations is70 to 90 per cent leadership.
(i) Only A and B
(ii) Only A and C
(iii) Only B and C
(iv) All of these
Ans : (ii) Only A and C

Unseen Passage for Class 10 with Answers

1. We have inherited the tradition of secrecy about the budget from Britain where also the system has been strongly attacked by eminent economists and political scientists including Peter Jay.

2. Sir Richard Clarke, who was the originating genius of nearly every important development in the British budgeting techniques during the last two decades, has spoken out about the abuse of budget secrecy: “The problems of long-term tax policy should surely be debated openly with the facts on the table. In my opinion, all governments should have just the same duty to publish their expenditure policy. Indeed, this obligation to publish taxation policy is really essential for the control of public expenditure in order to get realistic taxation implications.”

3. Realising that democracy flourishes best on the principles of open government, more and more democracies are having an open public debate on budget proposals before introducing the appropriate Bill in the legislature. In the United States the budget is conveyed in a message by the President to the Congress, which comes well in advance of the date when the Bill is introduced in the Congress.

4. In Finland the Parliament and the people are already discussing in June the tentative budget proposals which are to be introduced in the Finnish Parliament in September. Every budget contains a cartload of figures in black and white - but the dark figures represent the myriad lights and shades of India’s life, the contrasting tones of poverty and wealth, and of bread so dear and flesh and blood so cheap, the deep tints of adventure and enterprise and man’s ageless struggle for a brighter morning.

5. The Union budget should not be an annual scourge but a part of presentation of annual accounts of a partnership between the Government and the people. That partnership would work much better when the nonsensical secrecy is replaced by openness and public consultations, resulting in fair laws and the people’s acceptance of their moral duty to pay.

Question. How do the British economists and political scientists react to budget secrecy? They are
(i) in favour of having a mix of secrecy and openness.
(ii) indifferent to the budgeting techniques and taxation policies.
(iii) very critical about maintenance of budget secrecy.
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iii) very critical about maintenance of budget secrecy.

Question. The author thinks that openness in budget is essential as it leads to
(i) prevention of tax implications
(ii) People’s reluctance to accept their moral duties
(iii) exaggerated revelation of the strengths and weaknesses of economy
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iv) None of these

Question. The author seems to be in favour of
(i) maintaining secrecy of budget
(ii) judicious blend of secrecy and openness
(iii) transparency in budget proposals
(iv) None of these
Ans : (ii) transparency in budget proposals

Question. The secrecy of the budget is maintained by all of the following countries except
A. Finland
B. India
C. United States
(i) Only A
(ii) Only B
(iii) Only C
(iv) A and C
Ans : (iv) A and C

Question. Which of the following statements is definitely true in the context of the passage?
(i) The British Government has been religiously maintaining budget secrecy.
(ii) Budget secrecy is likely to lead to corrupt practices.
(iii) Consulting unjustifiable taxes with public helps make them accept those taxes.
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iv) None of these

Question. Sir Richard Clarke seems to deserve the credit for
(i) transformation in the British budgetary techniques.
(ii) Maintenance of secrecy of the British budget.
(iv) None of these
Ans : (i) transformation in the British budgetary techniques.

Question. From the contents of the passage, it can be inferred that the author is
(i) authoritarian in his approach.
(ii) a democratic person.
(iii) unaware of India’s recent economic developments
(iv) a conservative person.
Ans : (ii) a democratic person.

Question. Which of the following statement(s) is/are definitely False in the context of the passage?
A. Transparency helps unscrupulous elements to resort to corrupt practices.
B. Open approach of Government is a sign of healthy democracy.
C. People’s acceptance of their moral duties can best be achieved through openness and public consultations.
(i) Only A
(ii) Only B
(iii) Only C
(iv) A and B
Ans : (i) Only A

Question. For making the budget realistic, the Government should
(i) refrain from making public the proposed provisions before finalization.
(ii) discuss it secretly within themselves.
(iii) encourage the public to send in their suggestions.
(iv) consult the public to send in their suggestions.
Ans : (iv) consult the public to send in their suggestions.

Question. Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage
SCOURGE
(i) presentation
(ii) whip
(iii) compromise
(iv) remedy
Ans : (ii) whip

Question. Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage
MYRIAD
(i) adequate
(ii) functional
(iii) incompatible
(iv) abundant
Ans : (iv) abundant

Question. Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage
DUTY
(i) obligation
(ii) imposition
(iii) tax-liability
(iv) function
Ans : (i) obligation

Question. Choose the word which is most opposite inmeaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage
FLOURISHES
(i) disappears
(ii) degenerates
(iii) vanishes
(iv) opens
Ans : (ii) degenerates

Question. Choose the word which is most opposite inmean ing to the word printed in bold as used in the passage
DEBATED
(i) questioned severely
(ii) opposed strongly
(iii) accepted unconditionally
(iv) discussed frankly
Ans : (iii) accepted unconditionally

Question. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage
IMPORTANT
(i) major
(ii) uncountable
(iii) significant
(iv) trivial
Ans : (iv) trivial

 

Comprehensions for Class 10 English with Solutions

1. In a disarmingly frank talk at the Indian Merchants Chamber in Mumbai the Japanese Ambassador in India dwelt at length with issues that exercise the mind of Japanese investors when they consider investment proposals in India.

2. Raising the question “What comparative advantages does India offer as an investment market ?” he said though labour in India is inexpensive, wage levels are offset by productivity level to a large extent.

3. Acknowledging that vastness of the Indian market is a great inducement for investment in manufacturing industry he wondered if it was justifiable to provide that overseas remittance of profit in foreign exchange to be fully covered by exchange earnings as had been done. Significantly, on the eve of the prime Minister exports, meeting this demand.

4. The Ambassador said foreign investors needed to be assured of the continuity and consistency of the liberalization policy and the fact that new measures had been put into force by means of administrative notifications without amending Government laws acted as a damper.

5. The Ambassador pleaded for speedy formulation of the exit policy and pointed to the highly restrictive control by the Government on disinterment by foreign partners in joint ventures in India.

6. While it is ail too easy to dismiss critical comment on conditions in India contemptuously, there can be little about that if foreign investment is to be wooed assiduously, we will have to meet exacting international standard and cater at partially to what we may consider the idiosyncrasies of our foreign collaborators. The Japanese too have passed through a stage in the fifties when their products were divided as substandard and shoddy. That they have come out of the ordeal of fire-to emerge as an economic super power speaks as much of their doggedness to pursue goals against all odds as of their ability to improvise internationally acceptable standards.

7. There is no gain-saying that the past record of Japanese investment is a poor benchmark for future expectations.

Question. The author has appreciated the Japanese for their
(i) quality of products manufactured in the fifties.
(ii) passing through an ordeal
(iii) perseverance for raising quality of products
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iii) perseverance for raising quality of products

Question. According to the Japanese Ambassador, whichof the following motivates the foreign investors to invest in Indian manufacturing industry ?
(i) Very large scope of Indian market
(ii) Overseas remittance of profit in foreignex change
(iii) High productivity level
(iv) None of these
Ans : (i) Very large scope of Indian market

Question. The purpose of the author in writing this passage seems to be to-
(i) discourage foreign investment in India
(ii) critically examine Indian investment environment
(iii) paint a rosy picture of India’s trade and commerce
(iv) criticize Government’s liberalization policy
Ans : (ii) critically examine Indian investment environment

Question. Which of the following suggestions were expected by the Japanese Ambassador ?
A. Speedy formulation of the exist policy
B. Imposing restrictions of disinvested by foreign partners in joint ventures in India.
C. Continuity and consistency of the liberalization policy
(i) A and B only
(ii) B and C only
(iii) A and C only
(iv) All of these
Ans : (iv) All of these

Question. According to the Japanese Ambassador’ India offers a comparative advantage of foreign investors in terms of -
(i) inexpensive labour
(ii) abysmally low wage levels
(iii) higher productivity
(iv) None of these
Ans : (iv) None of these

Question. For seeking more and more foreign investment,the author suggests that we should -
(i) satisfy fully the whims of our foreign collaborators
(ii) dismiss all critical comments on Indian conditions
(iii) link profit repatriations to exports
(iv) raise the quality of product of match international standards
Ans : (iv) raise the quality of product of match international standards

Question. From the passage it can be inferred that the author is -
(i) a political commentator
(ii) a secretary of the Japanese Ambassador
(iii) A Japanese investor
(iv) an Indian investor
Ans : (i) a political commentator

Question. The author attributes Japan’s emergence as an economic super power to -
A. their ability to overcome any ordeal.
B. their tenacity and perseverance despite unfavourable circumstances.
C. their ability to improvise and adapt to globally acceptable quality levels.
(i) A and B only
(ii) B and C only
(iii) A and C only
(iv) All of these
Ans : (iv) All of these

Question. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true about the critical comments on investment conditions in India?
A. These comments are difficult to be countered.
B. These comments are received from various international quarters.
C. These comments are based more on bases than on facts.
(i) Only C
(ii) Only B
(iii) Only A
(iv) None of these
Ans : (ii) Only B

Question. Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
ASSIDUOUSLY
(i) persistently
(ii) hearty
(iii) feebly
(iv) deliberately
Ans : (iv) deliberately

Question. Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
IDIOSYNCRASIES
(i) demands
(ii) needs
(iii) deviations
(iv) ideologies
Ans : (iv) ideologies

Question. Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
SHODDY
(i) extraordinary
(ii) unprofitable
(iii) cheap
(iv) disadvantageous
Ans : (iii) cheap

Question. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
INDUCEMENT
(i) incentive
(ii) motive
(iii) impediment
(iv) temptation
Ans : (iii) impediment

Question. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
JUSTIFIABLE
(i) unreasonable
(ii) formidable
(iii) irrevocable
(iv) unscrupulous
Ans : (iv) unscrupulous

Question. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
CONTEMPTUOUSLY
(i) amicably
(ii) reasonably
(iii) respectfully
(iv) methodically
Ans : (iii) respectfully

Solved Unseen Passage for Class 10 English

Q. Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow. 
 
1. A scholar is refused admission to a good school primarily because of his weak interactive skills.It is indeed pathetic that though English is spoken fluently and used every day; yet none is satisfied with their abilities. A learner feels he cannot express himself the way he wants to. And he fails miserably to connect with his own hidden. 
 
2. The Education system, in its endeavors to make Curriculum relevant and life-oriented has, as a matter of fact, fallen short of its standards. It is oblivious of the fact that the most applied and practical subject- English: is devoid of practical afflatus. English is at cross roads. Both aspects of Education: the cultural that empowers a learner to grow and the productive aspect that makes him do things, is relegated to the background curriculum thus stands lopsided. It fails to provide full range of services and cannot tap teachers expertise. No proper moves and strategies have been formulated to make it unique. English courses are mushrooming and alluring advertisements clip are often spotted. 
3. With the onset of the new millennium, demands of the Educational System to sensitize itself to changing societal needs has also increased manifold. The new race of human beings has to be served New Curriculum that caters to the
Unity Of Thought, Action & Deed and help evolve an integrated human personality. A Comprehensive Curriculum alone can enhance their understanding of four basic skills. 
 
4. Acquiring the skill of English is no Catwalk. And English is no Science where results are verified; but it means Construction; ingenuity at work. The Architecture that it builds can never be complete if it is divorced from learning by doing. 
 
5. There are a number of Projects like Phonetics, News-reading, Indian literature, Poetry- composition, Interview skills, biography- launch, etc. which can help a pupil to experiment till he finds a medium that helps free flow of thoughts, to think critically and creatively and emerge as literary competent. As long as there is proper feeding, English will live in their hearts and reign in their minds. Sooner or later, they will be blessed with a marathon for actionable learning that shall make a multidimensional impact on them. Within the enclosure (pupils) lies the potential for a new beginning and within this exciting beginning lies an astonishing future for him. 
 
6. English cannot be conferred so easily and so soon. We need to take control of English. There is a grave need to designate English, without the slightest hesitation, a practical status if at all, we want a remarkable future. The lack of efforts in learning English and the general feeling of not being interested in learning the English language that are plaguing the system should be urgently addressed. Should not we all battle against this abuse? 

1.1. On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any five of the questions given below with the help of the options that follow 

Question. Why was scholar refused admission of a good school ? 

(a) weak knowledge
(b) weak interactive skills
(c) both of these
(d) none of these

Question. What kind of curriculum, the Education system tries to make ? 

(a) Relevant
(b) Appropriate
(c) Life oriented
(d) Both (a) and (c) 

Question. Name two aspects of Education. 
 
(a) Interactive aspect
(b) Cultural aspect
(c) Productive aspect
(d) Both (b) and (c) 

Question. English courses are mushrooming and alluring advertisement clip are rarely spotted. 
 
(a) True
(b) False
(c) Not clear
(d) None of these 

Question. A Comprehensive Curriculum along can enhance their understanding of ...... basic skills. 
 
(a) six
(b) four
(c) five
(d) all 

Question. What has to be served to new race of human beings ? 
 
(a) Action
(b) Unity of thought
(c) Deed
(d) All of these 

Question. A scholar is refused admission to a good school primarily because of his weak________________ 
 
(a) Interactive skills
(b) communication skills
(c) active skills
(d) art skills 

Question. Two aspects of education discussed in the passage area cultural and_______________ 
 
(a) productive
(b) unproductive
(c) social
(d) psychological 

Pick out the words which means opposite as given in the passage 

Question. repelling 
 
(a) mushrooming
(b) exciting
(c) alluring
(d) plaguing 

Pick out the words which means the same as given in the passage 

Question. useless 
 
(a) admirable
(b) pathetic
(c) endeavours
(d) relevant 

Question. pragmatic 
 
(a) relegated
(b) formulated
(c) relevant
(d) unique
 
Unseen Passages for Class 10 English

Read the passage Carefully:

As the Indian middle class is getting more affluent, the number of celebration parties is growing and so is the guest list. We have functions for birth celebration, first birthday celebration, engagements, marriages, promotions, sixtieth birthdays, marriage jubilees and even retirement policy. Lot of people get invited to each of these.

Just inviting people to such celebrations is not a problem. Because if a person eats at one place, he/she would save food he/she would have eaten somewhere else. The problem is, there is no RSVP (which is a French abbreviation that stands for ‘Reply, if you please’) culture in India. We send invites, but we don’t ask people whether they are planning to attend or not. The host does not get any feedback and has a vague idea of how many people will show up. Certainly if more people showed up unexpectedly and had no food to eat, it would be embarrassing. So they just end up making enough for a large number of people. This results in wastage of food, cooking gas and manpower. And because electricity is costly and food storage equipment is not so easily available, huge amount of food goes waste.

Then we have people offering food and oil to gods. While so many people are going hungry, we are bathing idols of our gods in milk, honey or oil. We throw rice on the couple of marriages.

There is also a lot of wastage in how we get our food. The last end of our food and vegetable supply chains are street vendors, who lack adequate infrastructure to store food to reduce waste.

Our best of the best software engineers are writing software to run banks in US and Europe. Can’t we launch a website that makes it possible for people to reply to invites using an easy, online or mobile based application? Yes, we need this one change in our culture – replying to invites and confirming whether we can make it to the celebration or not. Best of the best MBAs are launching marketing campaigns worldwide to increase market share of consumer products worldwide. Can’t we launch a cultural change campaign?

We make choices and every choice has consequences. Sadly when faced with consequences if our choices, we externalize the blame. We find someone else to fault. We imagi9nje only of that evil outside somewhere is fixed, we the pious people would continue living our pristine and perfect lives.

If we saved all this food, it would suddenly make extra food available, thereby reducing food demand and eventually reducing food prices.

1.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions: 

Question. What are the different ways in which foods is being wasted in India?
Answer : 
The different ways in which food is being wasted in India are the functions for birth celebration, first birthday celebration, engagements, marriages, promotions, sixtieth birthdays, marriage jubilees and even retirement parties. In all these parties everyone did not turn up and host does not get any feedback and only have a vague idea how many people will show up. 

Question. What do you understand by RSVP culture? Why do we badly need it in our country?
Answer : 
RSVP culture is ‘Reply, if you please’, according to this culture the invitees should give their confirmation about attending the certain p0arty whether they can make it for celebration or not. India needs it badly because in our country there is a lot of wastage of food during the celebrations. 

Question. How can software engineers help prevent food wastage in our country?
Answer : 
Software engineers can prevent food wastage by launching a website that make it possible for people to reply to invites using an easy, online or mobile based application.

Question. What does the author mean by ‘culture change campaign’? Does he believe that the people ot the country can bring about the change? Why/ why not?
Answer : 
Cultural change campaign means a culture of replying to invites and confirming whether the guests can make it to the celebration or not. The people of the country can bring this change because if the people will save the food in this manner, then there will be less wastage of food and abundant availability of food in the nation.

Question. What will happen if we stop wasting food? 
Answer : 
If we stop wasting food, it would make extra food available thereby reducing food demand and eventually reducing food prices.

1.2 Complete any two of the following statements briefly: 

Question. The number of celebration parties is growing rapidly in India because …………. 
Answer : 
Indian middle class is getting more affluent. 

Question. In Indian parties often more food is cooked than is necessary so that …………. 
Answer : 
If more people showed up unexpectedly the invitee has enough food for large number of people. 

Question. Because of lack of ……………………… and expensive ………………….. a huge amount of food goes waste in India. 
Answer : 
Adequate infrastructure and expensive electricity and food storage equipment. 

1.3 Find words/phrases in the passage that mean the opposite of the following. Attempt any two: 

Question. Poor and needy (paragraph 1) 
Answer : 
Opposite of poor and needy is affluent. 

Question. Clear (paragraph 2) 
Answer : 
Opposite of clear is vague. 

Question. Irreligious, unholy or sinful (paragraph 6)
Answer : 
Opposite of irreligious, unholy or sinful is pious.

 

More CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage..........

Solved Unseen Passages for English Class 10
 
Chlorofluorocarbons, commonly referred to as CFCs, are non-combustible liquids that were, at one time, frequently used as refrigerants and aerosol propellants, as well as for cleaning products. Since scientists discovered CFCs caused the depletion of the ozone layer, CFCs have been phased out, but old refrigerators and other devices that use CFCs might still be in use. Through inhalation, digestion or other physical contact, as well as from exposure to harmful levels of ultraviolet rays, CFCs can have a negative impact on human health. Since CFCs contribute greatly to the loss of the protective ozone layer, which blocks ultraviolet rays from the sun, spending too much time in direct sunlight can cause skin cancer. According to the University of Georgia, one in five Americans develops skin cancer. Even without the occurrence of skin cancers, some individuals experience premature ageing—meaning the skin becomes wrinkled, thick or leathery from too much sun exposure. Also, increased contact with ultraviolet rays can cause cataracts, macular degeneration and other eye damage.

Inhalation of CFCs affects the central nervous system, according to the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Sciences. The result is intoxication similar to alcohol intake and also includes light-headedness, headaches, tremors and convulsions. Inhalation of CFCs can also disturb heart rhythm, which can lead to death. Exposure to large amount of CFCs could potentially cause asphyxiation, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

According to the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Sciences, exposure to pressurised CFCs, such as that from a refrigerant leak, can cause frostbite on the skin. Direct skin exposure to CFCs has not been linked to cancer, according to the Scottish Environment Protection Agency. Ingestion of CFCs can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea or other upset to the digestive tract.

Since direct exposure to CFCs is linked to negative effects with the central nervous system, these substances can generally impair the human immune system. Problems might include difficulty breathing or injury to the heart, kidneys and liver. The University of Georgia also reports that overexposure to the sun suppresses overall immune function or the skin’s natural defences.

Read the passage and answer the following questions :

Ques.a. What are chlorofluorocarbons commonly known as?

 Answer. Chlorofluorocarbons are commonly known as CFCs.

Ques.b. What have CFCs caused?

AnswerCFCs have caused the depletion of the ozone layer.
 
Ques.c. CFCs are released from__________

Answerold refrigerators and other devices using CFCs
 
Ques.d. Why are CFCs harmful?

AnswerCFCs cause the loss of the protective ozone layer, which blocks the ultraviolet rays from the sun whichcause skin cancer.

Ques.e. What could cause asphyxiation?

Answer. Exposure to large amount of CFCs could cause asphyxiation.
 
Ques.f. __________can cause frostbite on the skin.

AnswerDirect skin exposure to pressurised CFCs
 
Ques.g. CFCs gives rise to which diseases?

AnswerCFCs can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea or other digestive diseases. They may also cause asphyxiationand other life threatening diseases.
 
Ques.h. __________can impair the immune system.

Answer. CFCs
 
Unseen Passage Class 10 English Pdf

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that 

1. First, a warning. The journey is tough, steep and peppered with hairpin bends. If you are not a hardened traveller, by the time you reach Tawang your head is likely to be spinning. Add to it the breeze which pierces through all your protective clothing and you could well be wondering what prompted you to make this arduous trip to such Himalayan heights. 
 
2. To get acclimatized to high altitude, the recipe is simple and strict  take it easy on the first day, lest you find yourself out of breath and panting. Tuck yourself in a warm bed and sip some thupka (Tibetan noodle soup) and begin your adventures the following day. 
 
3. In fact when you get up the next morning, you will scarcely believe what you see. The picturem postcard beauty of the hill station in Arunachal Pradesh will simply take your breath away. The scenery is pristine and the Himalayan ranges are lush with pine, oak and rhododendron forests.There is also a rich growth of bamboo, which is the favorite food of the red panda found in this part of the Northeast. 
 
4. Located about 10,000 feet above sea level, the Tawang monastery is the second oldest monastery in Asia, which explains the rush of tourists to this remote settlement. The magnificent monastery overlooks the valley and surrounded by mountains that seem to be towering around it like guards. The monastery’s enormous yellow roof and white walls stand out like a beacon. The place is completely isolated from the world. 
 
5. One of the biggest attractions of the monastery is the three storey dukhang (assembly hall) that has a magnificent eight-meter-high gilded image of Buddha. 
 
6. The ancient library, leading onto the parkhang (main courtyard) has an excellent collection of old scriptures, images and thankas (traditional paintings and monastery  or gompa in local language  is over 350 years old and is an important centre of pilgrimage for Buddhists. 
 
7. The sixth Dalai Lama was born here. Also known as the Galden Namgyan Lhatse, the monastery is a repository of Tibetan Buddhist culture. 
 
8. Tawang does not have an airport or railway station of its own. It is connected with other town in Arunachal Pradesh and Assam by road. Reaching Tawang from Kolkata is braving a long but rewarding journey. The drive through the picturesque mountain country is spectacular and can leave you breathless as you wind around steep hill-roads and maneuver sharp hairpin bends. In parts, the road can be rather treacherous. This is definitely not a drive for the faint-hearted. 
 
9. The journey to Tawang starts from Guwahati on a bus or a taxi to Bomdila. Past the Dirang valley with its old dzong (fort), the road climbs sharply to Sela Pass at 13,940 feet. This barren,desolate landscape is softened by a serene lake
that lies below Sela Pass. 
 
10. Twang has one main street and a warren on alleys to the houses that climb up the hillside towards the towering monastery. It also has one quaint little bazaar which sells products ranging from talismans and prayer wheels to garish sunglasses and transistors. The snack stalls are a plenty offering solja, the yak butter tea, thupka and hot memos, the delicious steamed meat dumpling with chilly sauce. 

1.1. On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any five of the questions given below with the help of the options that follow 
 
Question. The journey to Tawang monastery is tought, steep and peppered with......... 
(a) hairpin bends
(b) broad bends
(c) sharp bends
(d) neither fo these
Answer-hairpin bends 
 
Question. What is 'thupka' ? 
(a) Hot coffee
(b) Tomato soup
(c) Tibetan noodle soup
(d) Cold soup
Answer-Tibetan noodle soup 
 
Question. .......... is the favourite food of the red panda. 
(a) Solija
(b) Hot memos
(c) Meat
(d) Bamboo
Answer- Bamboo
 
Question. Biggest attractions of the monastery is the three story dukhang that hasa magnificent gilded image of Buddha. It is ......... meter high. 
(a) eight
(b) eighty
(c) seven
(d) nine
Answer- eight
 
Question. Tawang have a railway station of its own. 
(a) Tawang railway station
(b) Guwahati railway station
(c) Tibetian railway station
(d) Does not have a railway station
Answer- Does not have a railway station
 
Question. Where from the journey to Tawang starts ? 
(a) Bomdial
(b) Dirang valley
(c) Guwahati
(d) Sela Pass
Answer- Guwahati
 
Question. Tawang monastery is located _________feet above sea level. 
(a)1000
(b)10000
(c)100
(d)100000
Answer- 10000
 
Question. What kind of roof Tawang monastery has? 
(a) green
(b) blue
(c) yellow
(d) orange
Answer- yellow
 
Question. Tawang monastery is the ______monastery in Asia. 
(a) second oldest
(b) second largest
(c)second biggest
(d) second tallest
Answer-second oldest
 
Pick out the words which means the same as given in the passage
Question. extremely attractive
(a) magnificent
(b) repulsive
(c) rewarding
(d) repository
Answermagnificent
 
Question. boly place
(a) monastery
(b) pilgrimage
(c) pristine
(d) scriptures
Answer-pilgrimage

Unseen Passage for Class 10

Read the following passage carefully.

1.Today’s kids can identify with none of the traditional toys. If it’s a girl, she’s busy adding to her Barbie collection, if it’s a boy there’s Tarzan of Supermen or even Sony’s Play station for him. Toy carts have made way for black and gold Ferrari and Lamborghinis. As for the cartwheels and windmills, few kids would know what you are talking of. 

2.Many parents feel that children cannot even differentiate between toys that are Indian and foreign. All that matters is that they should be familiar figures or trendy playthings seen on television. In a market driven economy, toys manufacturers are cashing on this trend. 

3.The fallout from this is two-fold: one, the death of India’s toy-making treading, and two, the influences of an alien culture on a child’s mind. That is why some social activists have begun campaigning for a ban on what they describe as “western toy”. 

4.“Indian toys are not only part of traditions but also contribute to the well-rounded growth of an individual’s personality,” explains Vaidehi Thakkar, a child specialist. “Besides, they are environment-friendly since we have a custom of making toys from bio-degradable material.” 

5.Clay modellers who used to make dolls, masks, animal forms and tiny carts are no longer seen even in village fairs. Manu have turned to farming or are working as coolies in big cities and the few left behind, are trying their hand at pottery and making idols during festivals season. 

6.Makers of toys from wood, paper and cloth are also complaining about diminishing clientele and they find themselves completely powerless in countering the popularity of machine-made toys. 

7.“They are backed by big companies with big money, whereas we are artists struggling to make ends meet,” says Udham Singh, who sells trinkets and balloons on Bombay’s pavements. “What can we do if people are determined to corrupt their children’s tastes?” 

8.But then, it is not as though all is hunky-dory with dealers of foreign toys. For one, they are very expensive and second, their shelf life is limited. With every passing week, newer and more sophisticated toys are entering the Indian market. 

Answer the following questions briefly.

Question. Name any two traditional toys that the author mentions in paragraph 1 of the passage.
Answer : 
In paragraph 1 of the passage two traditional toys mentioned are cartwheels and windmills.

Question. Give two reasons why some people have begun a campaign for banning ‘western toys’.
Answer : 
People have begun a campaign for banning ‘western toys’.

Question. According to Vaidehi Thakkar, in what ways are the traditional Indian toys better than ‘machine made’ or ‘western toys’?
Answer : 
The death of India’s toys making traditions.

Question. Why has traditional clay modellers turned to occupations like farming, pottery etc?
Answer : 
The influence of alien culture on child’s mind.

Question. What difficulties hinder people like Udham Singh to counter the popularity of machine-made toys?
Answer : 
Indian toys are contributing in the growth of individuals personality and they are environment friendly.

Question. List two disadvantages of ‘foreign toys’.
Answer : 
Traditional clay modellers turned to occupation like farming, pottery etc. because its toys are no longer seen in village fairs even.

Question. Which word in paragraphs 7-8 of the passage means the same as ‘perfectly satisfactory or alright’?
Answer : 
Machine made toys are backed by big companies and clients are diminishing for traditional toys.

Class 10 English Unseen Passage

Read the following passage carefully.

1.Kalaripayalt is a traditional art practised in Kerala. Though claims of its heavenly origin are disputable, foreign travellers have mentioned Kalari being practised in Kerala as early the 13th century, which makes it the oldest martial art to be in existence. Kalari is considered to be the most complete and scientific martial art and is the mother of all martial arts. Bodhidharma, a Buddhist monk from India, introduced Kalari into China and Japan. 

2.What makes Kalari unique is the fact that it is much more than a martial art. A student of Kalari learns philosophy, medicine, attack and self-defence and, above all, learns how to avoid confrontations, where he has to attack somebody or defend himself. He even learns to treat the injuries he causes to his opponent while attacking or defending him. An advanced student would learn about Marma points or pressure points in the body. A skilful blow at the right place could cripple or kill a person. These points are also used to cure various illnesses. The Chinese art of acupressure is also based on these pressure points. Kalari also includes Tantra and Mantra through which a look could make a person drop dead.

3.The reason for Kalari being more than a mere martial art can be attributed to the fact that Brahmins practised it. Their influence has made Kalari impart an all-round training of the mind and body to the student to make him a complete man rather than just turn out savage warriors. Fifteenth century Kerala did not have a strong central rule, which gave rise to many small rulers constantly at war with each other. To avoid unnecessary bloodshed, they began a system where one Kalari warrior from each side would represent his king and fight the other. The winner would win the war for his king. This gives an indication of how respectable and venerated practitioners of Kalari were between the 13th and 16th 

4.When the British ruled India, they were unable to understand the nuances of this art and, scared by the lethal skill of its practitioners, banned it in India.

Answer the following questions briefly.

Question. What is Kalaripayalt? When and where did it originate?
Answer : 
Kalari Payalt is a traditional art practised in Kerala. It originated in the 13th century at Kerala.

Question. Why is Kalari a unique martial art?
Answer : 
Kalari is a unique martial art because a student of Kalari learns philosophy, medicine, attack, self-defence and how to avoid confrontations.

Question. Why are Marma or pressure points significant for a practitioner of Kalari?
Answer : 
Marma of pressure points significant for a practitioner of Kalari because a skilful blow at the right pressure point could cripple or kill a person. These points help to over various illnesses.

Question. What is common to both the Chinese system of acupressure and Kalari?
Answer : 
Kalari and Chinese system of acupressure both are based on pressure points.

Question. How did the Brahmins contribute in increasing the significance of Kalari?
Answer : 
The Brahmins contributed in the significance of Kalari by all-round training of the mind and body to the student to make him a complete man rather than just turn out savage warriors.

Question. What was the reason behind constant conflict among small rulers of Kerala in the fifteenth century?
Answer : 
In the 15th century Kerala did not have a strong central rule, which gave rise to many small rulers constantly at war with each others.

Question. Why were the Kalari practitioners greatly admired and respected between the 13th and 16th centuries?
Answer : 
At the time of conflicts to avoid unnecessary bloodshed, people of Kerala added a system where one Kalari warrior from each side would fight with each other. And winner would win the war for the king.

Question. Why was Kalari banned in India by the British?
Answer : 
British were unable to understand the nuances of Kalari art and scared by lethal skills of its practitioners, so they banned it in India.

Unseen Passage for Class 10 with Answers

Read the Following Carefully:

1.Today robots are employed in homes, factories, offices, battlefields, mines, hospitals and research laboratories to carry out a variety of jobs. Besides working as domestic help, they can lift weights, weld and stack things, diffuse bombs, carry out military surveillance, explore sea, earth and space, perform complicated surgeries and analyse data. Lives there an individual who can do so many jobs with the efficiency and speed of robots?

2.Movies have often depicted robots as competitors and rivals of human beings and many people fear they will lead to serious unemployment but the fact is that they are not as intelligent and versatile as human beings.

3.As robots are increasingly becoming more and more like human beings, many experts believe robots may one day be given the same rights as humans. Sounds incredible, doesn’t it, but an official report has claimed that by the year 2056, robot rights may become a reality.

4.Henrik Christensen, director of Centre of Robotics and Intelligent Machines at the Georgia Institute of Technology said: “If we make conscious robots, they would want to have rights and they probably should.” Robots and Machines are now classed as inanimate objects without rights or duties but if artificial intelligence becomes ubiquitous, the report argues there may be calls for human rights to be extended to them.

5.It is also logical that such rights, are meted out with citizens’ duties, including voting, paying tax and compulsory military service.

6.Christensen said “Would it be acceptable to kick a robotic dog even though we shouldn’t kick a normal one? There will be people who can’t distinguish so that we need to have ethical rules to make sure we as humans interact with robots in an ethical manner.”

7.Among the warnings a “monumental shift” could occur if robots were developed to the point where they could reproduce, improve or think for themselves. “Correctly managed, there is a very real possibility for increased labour output and greater intelligence to be provided by robots that will ultimately lead to greater human prosperity and an improvement of the human condition. “it said.

8.However, it warned that robots could sue for their rights if these were denied to them.

9.Should they prove successful, the paper said, “stated will be obligated to provide full social benefits to them including income support, housing and possibly Robo-healthcare to fix the machines over time.”

1.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions in about 30-40 words each

Question. In what ways are robots ‘superior’ to human beings even when they lack “intelligence” and ‘versatility’?
Answer : 
Robots are employed in homes, factories, offices, battlefields, mines, hospitals and research laboratories to carry out a variety of jobs. Besides these, they can lift weights weld and stack things, diffuse bombs, carry out military surveillance, explore sea, earth and space, perform surgeries and analyse data.

Question. Why are robots feared to be rivals of human beings? Are these fears justified? Why/Why not?
Answer : 
Robots feared to be rivals of human beings because robots do their jobs with the ultimate efficiency, accuracy and speed but these fears are not justified as robots are not as intelligent ad versatile as human beings.

Question. Today’s robots are classified as ‘inanimate objects’. What status do you think may get to enjoy in future?
Answer : 
Robots are classified as ‘inanimate objects’ without rights or duties but if artificial intelligence becomes ubiquitous, there may be calls for human rights to be extended do them.

Question. According to Christensen, how should humans deal with robots? Why?
Answer : 
According to Christensen, human need to have ethical rules to make sure that interact with robots in an ethical manners otherwise if human make conscious robots, they would want to have rights, along with rights, they may get certain duties.

Question. How will future robots lead to greater prosperity for mankind?
Answer : 
Future robots lead to greater prosperity for mankind if they are managed in correct manner, there will be real possibility for increased labour output and greater intelligence to be provided by robots.

1.2 Complete any two of the following statements briefly.

Question. Along with their rights, robots may also be given certain duties like………….
Answer : 
Voting, paying tax and compulsory military service.

Question. The “monumental shift” that the author mentions in paragraph 7 is the probable ability of future robots to…………”
Answer : 
Reproduce, improve or think for them.

Question. Social benefits that may be given to robots include…………..
Answer : 
Income support, housing and Robo-health care to fix the machines over time.

1.3 Find words in the passage that mean the same as the following. Attempt any two

Question. Multi-skilled or adaptable (Paragraph 2)
Answer : 
Versatile

Question. Somebody/something found or present everywhere (Paragraph 4)
Answer : 
Ubiquitous

Question. Very big; greater in importance (Paragraph 7)
Answer : 
Monumental

 

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