CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage B

Read CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage B below, students should read unseen passage for class 10 English available on Studiestoday.com with solved questions and answers. These topic wise unseen comprehension for class 10 English with answers have been prepared by English teacher of Grade 10. These short passages have been designed as per the latest syllabus for class 10 English and if practiced thoroughly can help you to score good marks in standard 10 English class tests and examinations

CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage B. Students should do unseen passages for class 10 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers.

Read the passage Carefully:

As the Indian middle class is getting more affluent, the number of celebration parties is growing and so is the guest list. We have functions for birth celebration, first birthday celebration, engagements, marriages, promotions, sixtieth birthdays, marriage jubilees and even retirement policy. Lot of people get invited to each of these.

Just inviting people to such celebrations is not a problem. Because if a person eats at one place, he/she would save food he/she would have eaten somewhere else. The problem is, there is no RSVP (which is a French abbreviation that stands for ‘Reply, if you please’) culture in India. We send invites, but we don’t ask people whether they are planning to attend or not. The host does not get any feedback and has a vague idea of how many people will show up. Certainly if more people showed up unexpectedly and had no food to eat, it would be embarrassing. So they just end up making enough for a large number of people. This results in wastage of food, cooking gas and manpower. And because electricity is costly and food storage equipment is not so easily available, huge amount of food goes waste.

Then we have people offering food and oil to gods. While so many people are going hungry, we are bathing idols of our gods in milk, honey or oil. We throw rice on the couple of marriages.

There is also a lot of wastage in how we get our food. The last end of our food and vegetable supply chains are street vendors, who lack adequate infrastructure to store food to reduce waste.

Our best of the best software engineers are writing software to run banks in US and Europe. Can’t we launch a website that makes it possible for people to reply to invites using an easy, online or mobile based application? Yes, we need this one change in our culture – replying to invites and confirming whether we can make it to the celebration or not. Best of the best MBAs are launching marketing campaigns worldwide to increase market share of consumer products worldwide. Can’t we launch a cultural change campaign?

We make choices and every choice has consequences. Sadly when faced with consequences if our choices, we externalize the blame. We find someone else to fault. We imagi9nje only of that evil outside somewhere is fixed, we the pious people would continue living our pristine and perfect lives.

If we saved all this food, it would suddenly make extra food available, thereby reducing food demand and eventually reducing food prices.

1.1On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions: 

1.What are the different ways in which foods is being wasted in India?

2.What do you understand by RSVP culture? Why do we badly need it in our country?

3.How can software engineers help prevent food wastage in our country?

4.What does the author mean by ‘culture change campaign’? Does he believe that the people ot the country can bring about the change? Why/ why not?

5.What will happen if we stop wasting food? 

1.2Complete any two of the following statements briefly: 

1.The number of celebration parties is growing rapidly in India because …………. 

2.In Indian parties often more food is cooked than is necessary so that …………. 

3.Because of lack of ……………………… and expensive ………………….. a huge amount of food goes waste in India. 

1.3 Find words/phrases in the passage that mean the opposite of the following. Attempt any two: 

1.Poor and needy (paragraph 1) 

2.Clear (paragraph 2) 

3.Irreligious, unholy or sinful (paragraph 6)

1.1 Suggested answers for the above given questions:

1.The different ways in which food is being wasted in India are the functions for birth celebration, first birthday celebration, engagements, marriages, promotions, sixtieth birthdays, marriage jubilees and even retirement parties. In all these parties everyone did not turn up and host does not get any feedback and only have a vague idea how many people will show up. 

2.RSVP culture is ‘Reply, if you please’, according to this culture the invitees should give their confirmation about attending the certain p0arty whether they can make it for celebration or not. India needs it badly because in our country there is a lot of wastage of food during the celebrations. 

3.Software engineers can prevent food wastage by launching a website that make it possible for people to reply to invites using an easy, online or mobile based application.

4.Cultural change campaign means a culture of replying to invites and confirming whether the guests can make it to the celebration or not. The people of the country can bring this change because if the people will save the food in this manner, then there will be less wastage of food and abundant availability of food in the nation.

5.If we stop wasting food, it would make extra food available thereby reducing food demand and eventually reducing food prices.

1.2 Suggested answers for the above given questions:

1.Indian middle class is getting more affluent. 

2.If more people showed up unexpectedly the invitee has enough food for large number of people. 

3.Adequate infrastructure and expensive electricity and food storage equipment. 

1.3 Suggested answers for the above given questions: 

1.Opposite of poor and needy is affluent. 

2.Opposite of clear is vague. 

3.Opposite of irreligious, unholy or sinful is pious.

More CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage..........

PASSAGE # 1
Chlorofluorocarbons, commonly referred to as CFCs, are non-combustible liquids that were, at one time, frequently used as refrigerants and aerosol propellants, as well as for cleaning products. Since scientists discovered CFCs caused the depletion of the ozone layer, CFCs have been phased out, but old refrigerators and other devices that use CFCs might still be in use. Through inhalation, digestion or other physical contact, as well as from exposure to harmful levels of ultraviolet rays, CFCs can have a negative impact on human health. Since CFCs contribute greatly to the loss of the protective ozone layer, which blocks ultraviolet rays from the sun, spending too much time in direct sunlight can cause skin cancer. According to the University of Georgia, one in five Americans develops skin cancer. Even without the occurrence of skin cancers, some individuals experience premature ageing—meaning the skin becomes wrinkled, thick or leathery from too much sun exposure. Also, increased contact with ultraviolet rays can cause cataracts, macular degeneration and other eye damage.

Inhalation of CFCs affects the central nervous system, according to the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Sciences. The result is intoxication similar to alcohol intake and also includes light-headedness, headaches, tremors and convulsions. Inhalation of CFCs can also disturb heart rhythm, which can lead to death. Exposure to large amount of CFCs could potentially cause asphyxiation, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

According to the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Sciences, exposure to pressurised CFCs, such as that from a refrigerant leak, can cause frostbite on the skin. Direct skin exposure to CFCs has not been linked to cancer, according to the Scottish Environment Protection Agency. Ingestion of CFCs can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea or other upset to the digestive tract.

Since direct exposure to CFCs is linked to negative effects with the central nervous system, these substances can generally impair the human immune system. Problems might include difficulty breathing or injury to the heart, kidneys and liver. The University of Georgia also reports that overexposure to the sun suppresses overall immune function or the skin’s natural defences.

Read the passage and answer the following questions :

Ques.a. What are chlorofluorocarbons commonly known as?

 Ans. Chlorofluorocarbons are commonly known as CFCs.

Ques.b. What have CFCs caused?

Ans. CFCs have caused the depletion of the ozone layer.
 
Ques.c. CFCs are released from__________

Ans. old refrigerators and other devices using CFCs
 
Ques.d. Why are CFCs harmful?

Ans. CFCs cause the loss of the protective ozone layer, which blocks the ultraviolet rays from the sun whichcause skin cancer.

Ques.e. What could cause asphyxiation?

Ans. Exposure to large amount of CFCs could cause asphyxiation.
 
Ques.f. __________can cause frostbite on the skin.

Ans. Direct skin exposure to pressurised CFCs
 
Ques.g. CFCs gives rise to which diseases?

Ans. CFCs can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea or other digestive diseases. They may also cause asphyxiationand other life threatening diseases.
 
Ques.h. __________can impair the immune system.

Ans. CFCs

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