CBSE Class 11 Informatics Practices Syllabus 2011-2012

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Class XI

UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SYSTEMS

Hardware Concepts:

Computer organization (basic concepts): CPU, Memory (RAM and ROM), I/O devices, communication bus, ports (serial, parallel), device specific ports.

Input devices: Keyboard, Mouse, Light pen, Touch Screen, Graphics Tablets, Joystick, Microphone, OCR, Scanner, Smart Card reader, Barcode reader, Biometric sensor, web camera;

Output Devices: Monitor/Visual Display Unit (VDU), LCD screen, Television, Printer (Dot Matrix Printer, Desk jet/ Inkjet/ Bubble jet Printer, Laser Printer), Plotter, Speaker;

Secondary Storage Devices: Floppy Disk, Hard Disk, Compact Disk, Magnetic Tape, Digital Versatile Disk (DVD), Flash Drive, Memory cards; Comparative properties of storage media;

Memory Units: Bit (Binary Digit)/Byte (Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, Terabyte, Petabyte)

Security of computer system: sources of attack and possible damages, malware-virus and related

Entities - virus, trogen, spyware, worms, propagation of these entities, virus detection using a tool, digital certificates, digital signature, cookies, firewall, password, file access permissions

Types of Software:

(a) System Software

(i) Operating systems, Need for operating system, major functions of Operating System.

(ii) Language Processors : Assembler, Interpreter and Compiler.

(b) Utility Software: Compression tools, disk defragmenter, anti-virus.

(c) Application Software :

(i) General Purpose Application Software: Word Processor, Presentation Tool, Spreadsheet Package, Database Management System.

(ii) Specific Purpose application Software: Inventory Management System, Purchasing System, Human Resource Management System, Payroll System, Financial Accounting, Hotel Management and Reservation System etc.

(d) Developer Tools : Interpreter / Complier, Integrated Development Environment (IDE)

UNIT 2: INTRODUCTION TO PROGRAMMING

Getting started with Programming using IDE

• Introduction, Rapid Application Development using IDE (Integrated Development Environment); Familiarization of IDE using basic Interface components-Label, Text Field, Test Area, Button, Checkbox, Radio Button. (As per appendix B). 

• Developing General Application (As per the guidelines at appendix B) - Getting Familiar with Java Swing User Interface components - Frame, Dialog, Option Pane, Label, Text Field, Password Field, Text Area, Button, Check Box, Radio Button, Combo Box, List, Table.

• Basic component handling methods and properties: Set Text, Get Text, Add, isSelected, setSelected.

Programming Fundamentals

Data Types: Concept of data types; Built-in data types - byte, short, int, long, float, double, char, String, boolean

Variables:

Need to use variable, Declaring Variables, Variable Naming Convention, Assigning value to Variables; Integer object method: parseInt 

Double object method: parse double, parse float

Control Structures:

Decision Structure - if, if-else, switch;

Looping Structure- while, do-while, for;

Programming Guidelines:

General Concepts; Modular approach; Stylistic Guidelines: Clarity and Simplicity of Expressions, Names, Comments, Indentation; Running and debugging programs, Syntax Errors, Run-Time Errors, Logical Errors.

Problem Solving Methodology : Understanding of the problem, Identifying minimum number of inputs required for output, breaking down problem into simple logical steps.

UNIT 3: RELATIONAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Database Management System

Introduction to database concepts: Date base, Relation/Table, attribute/field, Tuple / Rows;

Data Types - Number, Character and Date

Key - Primary Key, Candidate key, Alternate key, Foreign key;

Examples of common Database Management System - MySQL, INGRES, POSTGRES, ORACLE, DB2, MS SQL, Sybase.

Introduction to MySQL

(ANSI SQL 99 standard commands)

Classification of SQL Statements:

DML - SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE

DDL - CREATE, DROP, ALTER

Creating and using a databse: SQL CREATE command to create a database, USE command to select a database.

Creating a table: CREATE command to create a table, DESC command to display a table structure,

INSERT command for: Inserting New Rows, Inserting New Rows with Null Values, Inserting NUMBER, CHAR and DATE Values.


Please refer to attached file for CBSE Class 11 Informatics Practices Syllabus 2011-2012

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