CLASS XI (THEORY)
Unit I: Concept of Home Science and its Scope
Home Science and its scope.
Unit II: Know myself : Issues related to adolescents
(i) Physical development - growth spurt, sexual development.
(ii) Social and Emotional development : family and socialisation pattern of priority, parentel control techniques, role of siblips and grandparents, development of peer relatioship & freindship patterns. Interest in opposite sex, development of gender role, stero type, role of school and teacher, identity crises, storm and stress, anger managment.
(iii) Cognitive development.
Difference between two sex and same sex, early and late maturers, role of heredity and environment (family, peers, school, neighbourhood, community and world)
Special Needs of adolescents :
(i) Nutritional problems of adolescents - Iodine deficiency disease (IDD) Anaemia.
(ii) Casues of obesity in adolescents - eating out, nutrition transition and lack of excercise.
(iii) Eating disorders of adolescents - anorexia nervosa, bulemia.
Some problems of adolescence:
Depression; alcohol, drugs and smoking; delinquency; summary; problems related to sex; HIV / AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases;
(i) Causes and effects of overpopulation.
(ii) Neglect of girl child - causes, government incentives to improve status of girl child and women empowerment.
(i) First aid in cuts, burns, fractures, bites (snake and dog), poisoning and fainting.
Unit III : Nutrition for Self and Family
(i) Definition of food, nutrition, (WHO) health and Nutritional status.
Functions of food:
Physiological (body building, energy giving, protective, regulatory), psychological and social functions.
Selection of foods for optimum nutrition and good health:
(i) Nutrients : sources, functions and deficiency and its prevention, Proteins, Carbohydrates, Fats, Vitamins- Fat soluble (A, D, E, K) and water soluble (B1, B2, Niacin, Folic acid, B12 and and Vitamin C), Minerals (Calcium, Iron, Zinc and Iodine).
(ii) Basic Food Groups (ICMR) and their contribution ; Concept of Balanced diet, food and nutritional requirements for family (ICMR tables).
(iii) Factors influencing selection of food : culture, family food practices, media, peer group and availability of foods
Maximum nutritive value from food by proper selection, preparation, cooking and storage:
(i) Selection and Storage of Foods : Perishable, semi-perishable, non-perishable, convenience foods and their storage. Selection of fruits, vegetables, egg, fish, poultry, milk and milk products.
(ii) Preservation of food :
(a) Reasons of spoilage of food
(b) Brief description of household methods of preservations -
- Refrigeration, dehydration
- Use of chemicals and household preservatives (salt, sugar, oil).
(iii) Preparation of food : loss of nutrients during preparation of food and their minimization.
(iv) Cooking :
(a) Principles of cooking
(b) Methods of cooking - boiling, steaming, pressure cooking, deep and shallow frying, baking, sauteing, roasting, grilling, solar cooking and microwave cooking.
(c) Effect of cooking on the nutritive value of food.
(d) Methods of enhancing nutritive value-germination, fermentation, fortification and food combination.
Unit IV: My Resources and Community
(i) Resources: Meaning, characteristics and types:
(a) Human / Personal Resources : knowledge, skills, time, energy, attitudes;
(b) Non-human / material resources : money, goods, property;
(c) Community facilities / shared resources : Schools, parks, hospitals, roads, transport, water, electricity, library, fuel and fodder.
(d) Need to manage the resources and methods of conservation of shared resources.
(a) Meaning and need for management.
(b) Steps in management: planning, organizing, controlling, implementing and evaluation.
(c) Decision making and its role in management.
(iii) Time and energy management:
(a) Need and procedure for managing time for occupation and leisure.
(b) Work simplifications : meaning and methods.
(c) Need and ways to organize space in a house.
(d) Use of colours and accessories to make house attractive - prang colour wheel dimensions of colours, classes and colour schemes.
Please refer to attached file for CBSE Class 11 Home Science Syllabus 2012-2013