CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2010 2011

Class XI

Unit-1: Geography as a Discipline 

  •  Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes;
  •  Branches of geography; importance of physical geography.

Unit-2: The Earth 

  •  Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth;
  •  Wegener’s continental drift theory and plate tectonics;
  •  Earthquakes and volcanoes.

Unit-3: Landforms 

  •  Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics;
  •  Landforms and their evolution
  •  Geomorphic processes:weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition; soil-formation

Unit 4: Climate 

  •  Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate.
  •  Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperaturefactors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature.
  •  Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extratropical cyclones.
  •  Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution.
  •  World climates-classification (Koeppen), greenhouse effect, global warming and climatic changes.

Unit 5: Water (Oceans)

  •  Hydrological Cycle.
  •  Oceans - distribution of temperature and salinity; movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs.

Unit 6: Life on the Earth

  •  Biosphere - importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance.

Unit 7: Map work on identification of features based on the above units on the outline political map of the world.

Part B. India - Physical Environment

Unit 8: Introduction 

  •  Location-space relations and India’s place in the world.

Unit 9: Physiography 

  •  Structure and Relief;
  •  Drainage systems: concept of watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular;
  •  Physiographic divisions.


Please refer to attached file for CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2010-2011

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