NCERT Class 11 Solutions Equilibrium

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NCERT Class 11 Solutions Equilibrium - NCERT Solutions prepared for CBSE students by the best teachers in Delhi.

Class XI Chapter 7 – Equilibrium Chemistry

Question 7.1: A liquid is in equilibrium with its vapour in a sealed container at a fixed temperature. The volume of the container is suddenly increased.

a) What is the initial effect of the change on vapour pressure?

b) How do rates of evaporation and condensation change initially?

c) What happens when equilibrium is restored finally and what will be the final vapour pressure?

Answer: (a) If the volume of the container is suddenly increased, then the vapour pressure would decrease initially. This is because the amount of vapour remains the same, but the volume increases suddenly. As a result, the same amount of vapour is distributed in a larger volume.

(b) Since the temperature is constant, the rate of evaporation also remains constant. When the volume of the container is increased, the density of the vapour phase decreases. As a result, the rate of collisions of the vapour particles also decreases. Hence, the rate of condensation decreases initially.

(c) When equilibrium is restored finally, the rate of evaporation becomes equal to the rate of condensation. In this case, only the volume changes while the temperature remains constant. The vapour pressure depends on temperature and not on volume. Hence, the final vapour pressure will be equal to the original vapour pressure of the system.

Question 7.2: What is Kc for the following equilibrium when the equilibrium concentration of each substance is: [SO2]= 0.60 M, [O2] = 0.82 M and [SO3] = 1.90 M ?

Question 7.3: At a certain temperature and total pressure of 105 Pa, iodine vapour contains 40% by volume of I atoms Calculate Kpfor the equilibrium.

Question 7.9: Nitric oxide reacts with Br2 and gives nitrosyl bromide as per reaction given below: When 0.087 mol of NO and 0.0437 mol of Br2 are mixed in a closed container at constant temperature, 0.0518 mol of NOBr is obtained at equilibrium. Calculate equilibrium amount of NO and Br2.

Question 7.11: A sample of HI(g) is placed in flask at a pressure of 0.2 atm. At equilibrium the partial pressure of HI(g) is 0.04 atm. What is Kp for the given equilibrium?

Question 7.17: Kp = 0.04 atm at 899 K for the equilibrium shown below. What is the equilibrium concentration of C2H6 when

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