NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Redox Reactions

Read and download NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Redox Reactions chapter in NCERT book for Class 11 Chemistry. You can download latest NCERT eBooks for 2021 chapter wise in PDF format free from Studiestoday.com. This Chemistry textbook for Class 11 is designed by NCERT and is very useful for students. Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 11 Chemistry to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter

Redox Reactions Class 11 Chemistry NCERT

Class 11 Chemistry students should refer to the following NCERT Book chapter Redox Reactions in standard 11. This NCERT Book for Grade 11 Chemistry will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Redox Reactions NCERT Class 11

REDOX REACTIONS

Chemistry deals with varieties of matter and change of one kind of matter into the other. Transformation of matter from one kind into another occurs through the various types of reactions. One important category of such reactions is Redox Reactions. A number of phenomena, both physical as well as biological, are concerned with redox reactions. These reactions find extensive use in pharmaceutical, biological, industrial, metallurgical and agricultural areas.

The importance of these reactions is apparent from the fact that burning of different types of fuels for obtaining energy for domestic, transport and other commercial purposes, electrochemical processes for extraction of highly reactive metals and non-metals, manufacturing of chemical compounds like caustic soda, operation of dry and wet batteries and corrosion of metals fall within the purview of redox processes. Of late, environmental issues like Hydrogen Economy (use of liquid hydrogen as fuel) and development of ‘Ozone Hole’ have started figuring under redox phenomenon.

8.1 CLASSICAL IDEA OF REDOX REACTIONS – OXIDATION AND REDUCTION REACTIONS

Originally, the term oxidation was used to describe the addition of oxygen to an element or a compound. Because of the presence of dioxygen in the atmosphere (~20%), many elements combine with it and this is the principal reason why they commonly occur on the earth in the form of their oxides. The following reactions represent oxidation processes according to the limited definition of oxidation:

2 Mg (s) + O2 (g) → 2 MgO (s) (8.1)

S (s) + O2 (g) → SO2 (g)

In reactions (8.1) and (8.2), the elements magnesium and sulphur are oxidised on account of addition of oxygen to them.

Similarly, methane is oxidised owing to the addition of oxygen to it.

CH4 (g) + 2O2 (g) → CO2 (g) + 2H2O (l) (8.3)

A careful examination of reaction (8.3) in which hydrogen has been replaced by oxygen prompted chemists to reinterpret oxidation in terms of removal of hydrogen from it and, therefore, the scope of term oxidation was broadened to include the removal of hydrogen from a substance. The following illustration is another reaction where removal of hydrogen can also be cited as an oxidation reaction.

2 H2S(g) + O2 (g) → 2 S (s) + 2 H2O (l) (8.4)

As knowledge of chemists grew, it was natural to extend the term oxidation for reactions similar to (8.1 to 8.4), which do not involve oxygen but other electronegative elements. The oxidation of magnesium with fluorine, chlorine and sulphur etc. occurs according to the following reactions :

Mg (s) + F2 (g) → MgF2 (s) (8.5)

Mg (s) + Cl2 (g) → MgCl2 (s) (8.6)

Mg (s) + S (s) → MgS (s) (8.7)

Incorporating the reactions (8.5 to 8.7)

within the fold of oxidation reactions encouraged chemists to consider not only the removal of hydrogen as oxidation, but also the removal of electropositive elements as oxidation. Thus the reaction :

2K4 [Fe(CN)6](aq) + H2O2 (aq) →2K3[Fe(CN)6](aq) + 2 KOH (aq)

is interpreted as oxidation due to the removal of electropositive element potassium from potassium ferrocyanide before it changes to potassium ferricyanide. To summarise, the term “oxidation” is defined as the addition of oxygen/electronegative element to a substance or removal of hydrogen/ electropositive element from a substance. In the beginning, reduction was considered as removal of oxygen from a compound. However, the term reduction has been broadened these days to include removal of oxygen/electronegative element from a substance or addition of hydrogen/ electropositive element to a substance.

 

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Chapter 1 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Some Basic Concepts Of Chemistry
Chapter 2 Structure of Atom
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Structure of Atom
Chapter 3 Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Classification of Elements and Periodicity In Properties
Chapter 4 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Chapter 5 States of Matter
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry State Of Matter
Chapter 6 Thermodynamics
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Thermodynamics
Chapter 7 Equilibrium
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Equilibrium
Chapter 8 Redox Reactions
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Redox Reactions
Chapter 9 Hydrogen
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Hydrogen
Chapter 10 The s-Block Elements
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry The s Block Elements
Chapter 11 The p-Block Elements
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry The p Block Elements
Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles & Techniques
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Organic Chemistry Some Basic Priciples and Techniques
Chapter 13 Hydrocarbons
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Hydrocarbons
Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Environmental Chemistry
Other Chapters
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Lab Manual Titrimetric Analysis
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Lab Manual Chemical Equilibrium Ionic Equilibrium
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Lab Manual Information about Investigatory Projects
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Lab Manual Introduction
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Lab Manual ph and ph change in Aqueous Solutions
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Lab Manual Purification and Criteria of Purity
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Lab Manual Systematics Qualitative Analysis
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Lab Manual Basic Laboratory Techniques
Part I Answer to Some Selected Problems
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Answer of Some Selected Problems
Part I Appendices
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Appendix 5 Some Useful Conversion Factores
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Appendix 6 Thernodynamic Data at 298 K
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Appendix 7 Standard Potentials at 298 K in Electrochemical order
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Appendix 1
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Appendix 2 Elements Their Atomic Number and Molar Mass
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Appendix 3
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Appendix 4 Physical Constants
Part II Answer to Some Selected Problems
NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Answer to Some Selected Problems

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