CBSE Class 7 English Kinds of Sentences Assignment

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Kinds Of Sentences Class 7 English Assignment Pdf

Class 7 English students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for Kinds Of Sentences in standard 7. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 7 English will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Class 7 English Assignment for Kinds Of Sentences

Sentences based on functions are categorised as follows:

1. Assertive Sentences
2. Interrogative Sentences
3. Imperative Sentences
4. Optative Sentences
5. Exclamatory Sentences

Assertive Sentences

These sentences merely assert an incident or a fact.
 e.g.
  The sun is a big star.     (Affirmative)
  The Taj is a beautiful monument.          (Affirmative)
  He is not in Delhi.      (Negative)
  It does not glow at night.            (Negative)

Sentences that affirm one or the other fact are called affirmative sentences. First two sentences listed above are affirmative ones.
 
Sentences that negate a fact are called negative sentences. The last two sentences listed above are negative sentences.

Exercise:
 Convert the following affirmative sentences into negative sentences.

 1. I like him.
 2. Banana is a sweet fruit.
 3. They play for Delhi Soccer club.
 4. We sing a song.
 5. He gets up early.


Answers:
 1. I do not like him.
 2. Banana is not a sweet fruit.
 3. They do not play for Delhi Soccer club.
 4. We do not sing a song.
 5. He does not get up early.

Interrogative Sentences

 These sentences simply ask questions. Examples are:
 1. Where are you?
 2. When is your flight?
 3. Have you finished your work?
 4. Was your paper tough?

Note:
 ✍ Put a question mark (?) at the end of a question.
 ✍ Questions are of two types:
  i. Those begin with helping (auxiliary)verbs (be, is, are, am, was, were, has, have, had,shall, will, should, would, can, could, may, might etc.)
  Examples:
   Have you met her?
   Was your examination easy?

  ii. Those begin with 'Wh' question words (why, where, when, how, whose, whom etc.) and followed by helping works.
  Examples:
   Who is this lady?
   Why are you late?

Exercise:
Convert the following into interrogative sentences.
 1. He is a teacher.
 2. My son will go to California.
 3. I go to school by bus.
 4. She danced very well.
 5. He did his homework last Sunday.

Answers:
 1. Is he a teacher?
 2. Will my son go to California?
 3. Do I go to school by bus?
 4. Did she dance very well?
 5. Did he do his homework last Sunday?


Imperative Sentences

 These sentences are used to order, advise, command or ask for some favour. Examples are:
 1. Come here.         (Order)
 2. Please give me something to eat.    (Request)
 3. Listen to her.        (order/Advice)
 4. Do not smoke here.       (Prohibition)

Note:
 ✍ Begin an imperative sentence with a verb.
 ✍ Do not use a subject. It is always 'You' and is not mentioned.
 ✍ Imperative sentences end with a full stop.

Optative Sentences

 These sentences are used to bless or curse some one. These convey the good or bad sentiments of the speaker.
 Examples are:
 1. May you live long!
 2. God save you from this crisis!
 3. Would that I were millionaire!
 4. May your enemy go to hell!

Note:
 ✍ Optative sentences begin with 'May','Would' or 'God'
 ✍ They end with mark of exclamation (!).

Exclamatory Sentences

 These sentences express sudden feelings and emotions of the speaker. Examples are:
 1. Hush! the baby is asleep.       
 2. Bravo! our school team won the finals.     (Joy)
 3. Alas! I've lost my job.         (Sorrow)
 4. How pretty the picture is!                         (Surprise)
 5. What a fool I am!

Note:
 ✍ Generally begin an Exclamatory sentence with a word of exclamation.
 ✍ Except 'What' and 'How', all other words of exclamations take the mark of exclamation (!) after them.
 ✍ 'What' and 'How' show surprise or disbelief and mark of exclamation (!) is used at the end of sentence.
 ✍ Common words used to express exclamation are:
  Alas  - Sorrow
  Hurrah - Joy
  Hello - Attention
  Hush - Attention
  Pooh - Disgust
  Ha   - Surprise (Joy)
  O, Oh - Surprise
  Boo - fright
  Eek - Unpleasant surprise

Exercise

Mention the kind of sentences (Assertive, Interrogative, Imperative, Optative or Exclamatory) in the blanks against it.

1. Ah! What a find morning it is!                  ___________________________
2. Do you find it interesting?                         ___________________________
3. May you lead a happy life!                         ___________________________
4. Smoking is bad for health.                         ___________________________
5. Always help the needy.                              ___________________________
6. Hello! I am Sania this side.                        ___________________________

Answers:
1. Exclamatory
2. Assertive
3. Optative
4. Assertive
5. Imperative
6. Exclamation

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