SECTION A - READING
1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.
1.Clean water supplies are essential for good health and cleanliness in the home. Often the only source of drinking water is polluted. More than 70 per cent of rural households have no safe drinking water. Their supplies are often carried some distance from a river, pond or well, or a community pump or tap. Carrying water takes time and energy. For these reasons, water is often kept in the house for a long time and necessity, it is rationed carefully.
2.Several diseases are spread by polluted water, these include diarrhea, cholera and typhoid. Families using water from uncovered ponds or wells are likely to suffer more frequently from all these infections than those whose water comes from protected sites. An adequate supply of water is also needed for personal cleanliness and general hygiene in the home. Health workers should encourage the provision of good household water supplies as much as possible.
3.If there is no tap, the main water container must be kept clean, covered and free from debris. Overnight storage in earthen ware vessels reduces the number of bacteria in the water. Nevertheless, it is important that any water given to infants is first boiled. After boiling it should be covered in the same container until it is cool enough to drink.
A.On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer the following questions.
1Why are villagers lacking in good health and cleanliness?
2.Why is water kept for a long time in rural household?
3.Mention the diseases caused by water pollution.
4.What type of water should be given to infants? Why?
B. On the basis of your reading of the given passage, complete the following.
1.Many diseases are spread ___________________________.
2. Carrying water _______________________.
3.More than 70 per cent of __________________.
4. storage of water in earthen ware ________________
C. state whether the statements are True or False.
1.Water given to infants should not be boiled first.____
2.Polluted water is safe for drinking.________
D. Find one word from the passage which means the same.
1.sufficient ( para 2): __________
2. scattered pieces of rubbish or remains ( para 3) : ____________
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