NCERT Solutions class 11 Accountancy Chapter 4 Recording of Transactions 2. NCERT book for Accountancy in class 11 is strongly recommened by teachers and the CBSE and NCERT boards. Please download the NCERT solutions for class 11 Accountancy free in PDF made by teachers of the best schools in India. These solutions are carefully compiled to give detailed understanding of the concepts and also steps of solutions. The NCERT solutions are free to download in pdf format. Please refer to the download link below to download the pdf file and also refer to other chapters and subjects to get the solutions to Accounts NCERT book questions and exercises.
Q1. Briefly state how the cash book is both journal and a ledger?
Answer : Transactions are recorded directly from source documents in the Cash Book, so there is no need to record transactions in the Journal book. Further, on the basis of the cash transactions recorded in the Cash Book, cash and bank balances can be determined, and so there is no need to prepare cash account (which is a part of ledger) separately. Thus, the Cash Book serves the purpose of both Journal as well as ledger.
Q2. What is the purpose of contra entry?
Answer : Contra entry represents deposits or withdrawals of cash from bank or vice versa. The purpose of contra entry is to indicate the transactions that effect both cash and bank balances. This entry does not affect the financial positions of a business. A contra entry is recorded in both sides of a two column Cash Book and is denoted by ‘C’ in the ledger folio column.
Q3 . What are special purpose books?
Answer : Business transactions are large in number and difficult to record; so, journal is sub-divided for quick, efficient and accurate recording of the business transactions. Special purpose books like, sales book and purchases book are maintained for those transactions that are routine and repetitive in nature. Recording through these books is economical and enables division of work among accountants.
Q4. What is petty cash book? How it is prepared?
Answer : Petty Cash Book is used for recording payment of petty expenses, which are of smaller denominations like postage, stationery, conveyance, refreshment, etc. Person who maintains petty cash book is known as petty cashier and these small expenses are termed as petty expenses. It is prepared by two methods:
1. Ordinary system: In this case, a fixed sum of money is paid to petty cashier for the payment of petty expenses and after spending the whole amount, the account is submitted by the petty cashier to the main cashier.
2. Imprest system: In this case, a fixed sum of the money is given to the petty cashier in the beginning of a period and at the end of the period the amount spent by him is reimbursed, so that he has a fixed amount in the beginning of every new period.
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