NCERT Class 9 History The French Revolution

Read and download NCERT Class 9 History The French Revolution chapter in NCERT book for Class 9 Social Science. You can download latest NCERT eBooks for 2022 chapter wise in PDF format free from Studiestoday.com. This Social Science textbook for Class 9 is designed by NCERT and is very useful for students. Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 9 Social Science to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter

The French Revolution Class 9 Social Science NCERT

Class 9 Social Science students should refer to the following NCERT Book chapter The French Revolution in standard 9. This NCERT Book for Grade 9 Social Science will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

The French Revolution NCERT Class 9

 

The French Revolution

On the morning of 14 July 1789, the city of Paris was in a state of alarm. The king had commanded troops to move into the city. Rumours spread that he would soon order the army to open fire upon the citizens. Some 7,000 men and women gathered in front of the town hall and decided to form a peoples’ militia. They broke into a number of government buildings in search of arms.

Finally, a group of several hundred people marched towards the eastern part of the city and stormed the fortress-prison, the Bastille, where they hoped to find hoarded ammunition. In the armed fight that followed, the commander of the Bastille was killed and the prisoners released – though there were only seven of them. Yet the Bastille was hated by all, because it stood for the despotic power of the king. The fortress was demolished and its stone fragments were sold in the markets to all those who wished to keep a souvenir of its destruction.

The days that followed saw more rioting both in Paris and the countryside. Most people were protesting against the high price of bread. Much later, when historians looked back upon this time, they saw it as the beginning of a chain of events that ultimately led to the execution of the king in France, though most people at the time did not anticipate this outcome. How and why did this happen?

French Society During the Late Eighteenth Century In 1774, Louis XVI of the Bourbon family of kings ascended the throne of France. He was 20 years old and married to the Austrian princess Marie Antoinette. Upon his accession the new king found an empty treasury. Long years of war had drained the financial resources of France. Added to this was the cost of maintaining an extravagant court at the immense palace of Versailles. Under Louis XVI, France helped the thirteen American colonies to gain their independence from the common enemy, Britain. The war added more than a billion livres to a debt that had already risen to more than 2 billion livres. Lenders who gave the state credit, now began to charge 10 per cent interest on loans. So the French government was obliged to spend an increasing percentage of its budget on interest payments alone. To meet its regular expenses, such as the cost of maintaining an army, the court, running government offices or universities, the state was forced to increase taxes. Yet even this measure would not have sufficed. French society in the eighteenth century was divided into three estates, and only members of the third estate paid taxes. The society of estates was part of the feudal system that dated back to the middle ages. The term Old Regime is usually used to describe the society and institutions of France before 1789. Fig. 2 shows how the system of estates in French society was organised. Peasants made up about 90 per cent of the population. However, only a small number of them owned the land they cultivated. About 60 per cent of the land was owned by nobles, the Church and other richer members of the third estate. The members of the first two estates, that is, the clergy and the nobility, enjoyed certain privileges by birth. The most important of these was exemption from paying taxes to the state. The nobles further enjoyed feudal privileges. These included feudal dues, which they extracted from the peasants. Peasants were obliged to render services to the lord – to work in his house and fields – to serve in the army or to participate in building roads.

The Church too extracted its share of taxes called tithes from the peasants, and finally, all members of the third estate had to pay taxes to the state. These included a direct tax, called taille, and a number of indirect taxes which were levied on articles of everyday consumption like salt or tobacco. The burden of financing activities of the state through taxes was borne by the third estate alone.

Questions

1. Find out more about any one of the revolutionary figures you have read about in this chapter. Write a short biography of this person.

2. The French Revolution saw the rise of newspapers describing the events of each day and week. Collect information and pictures on any one event and write a newspaper article. You could also conduct an imaginary interview with important personages such as Mirabeau, Olympe de Gouges or Robespierre. Work in groups of two or three. Each group could then put up their articles on a board to produce a wallpaper on the French Revolution.

1. Describe the circumstances leading to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France.

2. Which groups of French society benefited from the revolution? Which groups were forced to relinquish power? Which sections of society would have been disappointed with the outcome of the revolution?

3. Describe the legacy of the French Revolution for the peoples of the world during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

4. Draw up a list of democratic rights we enjoy today whose origins could be traced to the French Revolution.

5. Would you agree with the view that the message of universal rights was beset with contradictions? Explain.

6. How would you explain the rise of Napoleon?


Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 9 History The French Revolution

Tags: 

 


Click to View or Download pdf file
Click for more Social Science Study Material
Chapter 1 The Story of Village Palampur
CBSE Class 9 Economics The Story of Village Palampur
Chapter 2 People as Resource
CBSE Class 9 Economics People as Resource
Chapter 3 Poverty as a Challenge
CBSE Class 9 Economics Poverty as a Challenge
Chapter 4 Food Security in India
CBSE Class 9 Economics Food Security in India
Contemporary India Chapter 1 India Size and Location
NCERT Class 9 Geography Contemporary India India Size and Location
Contemporary India Chapter 2 Physical Features of India
NCERT Class 9 Geography Contemporary India Physical Features of India
Contemporary India Chapter 3 Drainage
NCERT Class 9 Geography Contemporary India Drainage
Contemporary India Chapter 4 Climate
NCERT Class 9 Geography Contemporary India Climate
Contemporary India Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
NCERT Class 9 Geography Contemporary India Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Contemporary India Chapter 6 Population
NCERT Class 9 Geography Contemporary India Population
Democratic Politics I Chapter 1 What is Democracy?
NCERT Class 9 Political Science What is Democracy
Democratic Politics I Chapter 2 Constitutional Design
NCERT Class 9 Political Science Constitutional Design
Democratic Politics I Chapter 3 Electoral Politics
NCERT Class 9 Political Science Electoral Politics
Democratic Politics I Chapter 4 Working of Institutions
NCERT Class 9 Political Science Working of Institutions
Democratic Politics I Chapter 5 Democratic Rights
NCERT Class 9 Political Science Democratic Rights
Disaster Management
CBSE Class 9 Disaster Management Chapter 1
CBSE Class 9 Disaster Management Chapter 2
CBSE Class 9 Disaster Management Chapter 3
CBSE Class 9 Disaster Management Chapter 4 part 1
CBSE Class 9 Disaster Management Chapter 4 part 2
CBSE Class 9 Disaster Management Chapter 4 part 3
CBSE Class 9 Disaster Management Chapter 5 part 1
CBSE Class 9 Disaster Management Chapter 5 part 2
CBSE Class 9 Disaster Management Chapter 6
CBSE Class 9 Disaster Management Chapter 7
India and the Contemporary World-I Chapter 1 The French Revolution
NCERT Class 9 History The French Revolution
India and the Contemporary World-I Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution
NCERT Class 9 History Socialism in Europe
India and the Contemporary World-I Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
NCERT Class 9 History Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
India and the Contemporary World-I Chapter 4 Forest Society and Colonialism
NCERT Class 9 History Forest Society and Colonialism
India and the Contemporary World-I Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern World
NCERT Class 9 History Pastoralists in the Modern World
z Other Chapters
NCERT Class 9 History A Social History
NCERT Class 9 History Peasants and Farmers
NCERT Class 9 History The Story of Cricket
NCERT Class 9 Political Science Democracy in the Contemporary World

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

Heritage India Quiz 2021 2022

CBSE Heritage India Quiz is conducted every year to raise the awareness about the preserving human heritage, diversity and vulnerability of the India's built monuments and heritage sites. It is an attempt of the Board to motivate the future generations of this country...

Class 10th and 12th Term 2 Revaluation Process 2022

Evaluation of the Answer Books is done under a well-settled Policy. To ensure that the evaluation is error free, CBSE is taking several steps. After strictly following these steps, the result is prepared. Though, CBSE is having a well-settled system of assessment,...

CBSE notification 40/2021 Innovation Ambassador Program

This is with reference to CBSE Notification No. 40/2021 dated 04.05.2021 regarding the Innovation Ambassador program – An online training program for teachers by CBSE in collaboration with Ministry of Education’s Innovation Cell (MIC) and AICTE. In view of the current...

CBSE Term 2 Board Examinations

CBSE vide Circular No.Acad-51/2021 dated 5th July, 2021, notified that in the session 2021-2022, Board Examinations would be conducted in two terms, i.e.. Term I and Term II. This decision was taken due to the uncertainty arising out of COVID 19 Pandemic. Term I...

Board Exams Date Sheet Class 10 and Class 12

Datesheet for CBSE Board Exams Class 10  (Scroll down for Class 12 Datesheet) Datesheet for CBSE Board Exams Class 12

National Youth Day and Birth Anniversary of Swami Vivekananda

Ministry of Education, Govt. of India vide D.O No. 12-4/2021-IS.4 dated 04.01.2022 intimated that 12 January 2022 will be celebrated as “National Youth Day” and “Birth Anniversary of Swami Vivekananda”.   All Schools affiliated to CBSE may celebrate 12 January 2022 as...