NCERT Class 7 History Towns Traders And Craftsperson

Read and download NCERT Class 7 History Towns Traders And Craftsperson chapter in NCERT book for Class 7 Social Science. You can download latest NCERT eBooks for 2021 chapter wise in PDF format free from This Social Science textbook for Class 7 is designed by NCERT and is very useful for students. Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 7 Social Science to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter

Towns Traders And Craftsperson Class 7 Social Science NCERT

Class 7 Social Science students should refer to the following NCERT Book chapter Towns Traders And Craftsperson in standard 7. This NCERT Book for Grade 7 Social Science will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Towns Traders And Craftsperson NCERT Class 7


What would a traveller visiting a medieval town expect to find? This would depend on what kind of a town it was – a temple town, an administrative centre, a commercial town or a port town to name just some possibilities. In fact, many towns combined several functions – they were administrative centres, temple towns, as well as centres of commercial activities and craft production.

Administrative Centres

You read about the Chola dynasty in Chapter 2. Let’s travel in our imagination to Thanjavur, the capital of the Cholas, as it was a thousand years ago. The perennial river Kaveri flows near this beautiful town. One hears the bells of the Rajarajeshvara temple built by King Rajaraja Chola. The townspeople are all praise for its architect Kunjaramallan Rajaraja Perunthachchan who has proudly carved his name on the temple wall. Inside is a massive Shiva linga. Besides the temple, there are palaces with mandapas or pavilions. Kings hold court in these mandapas, issuing orders to their subordinates. There are also barracks for the army.

The town is bustling with markets selling grain, spices, cloth and jewellery. Water supply for the town comes from wells and tanks. The Saliya weavers of Thanjavur and the nearby town of Uraiyur are busy producing cloth for flags to be used in the temple festival, fine cottons for the king and nobility and coarse cotton for the masses. Some distance away at Svamimalai, the sthapatis or sculptors are making exquisite bronze idols and tall, ornamental bell metal lamps.

Temple Towns and Pilgrimage Centres

Thanjavur is also an example of a temple town. Temple towns represent a very important pattern of urbanisation, the process by which cities develop. Temples were often central to the economy and society. Rulers built temples to demonstrate their devotion to various deities. They also endowed temples with grants of land and money to carry out elaborate rituals, feed pilgrims and priests and celebrate festivals. Pilgrims who flocked to the temples also made donations. Temple authorities used their wealth to finance trade and banking. Gradually a large number of priests, workers, artisans, traders, etc. settled near the temple to cater to its needs and those of the pilgrims. Thus grew temple towns. Towns emerged around temples such as those of Bhillasvamin (Bhilsa or Vidisha in Madhya Pradesh), and Somnath in Gujarat. Other important temple towns included Kanchipuram and Madurai in Tamil Nadu, and Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh.

Let’s recall

1. Fill in the blanks:

(a) The Rajarajeshvara temple was built in ———.

(b) Ajmer is associated with the Sufi saint ————.

(c) Hampi was the capital of the ———— Empire.

(d) The Dutch established a settlement at ———— in Andhra Pradesh.

2. State whether true or false:

(a) We know the name of the architect of the Rajarajeshvara temple from an inscription.

(b) Merchants preferred to travel individually rather than in caravans.

(c) Kabul was a major centre for trade in elephants.

(d) Surat was an important trading port on the Bay of Bengal.

3. How was water supplied to the city of Thanjavur?

4. Who lived in the “Black Towns” in cities such as Madras?

Let’s understand

5. Why do you think towns grew around temples?

6. How important were craftspersons for the building and maintenance of temples?

7. Why did people from distant lands visit Surat?

8. In what ways was craft production in cities like Calcutta different from that in cities like Thanjavur?

Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 7 History Towns, Traders And Craftsperson



Click to View or Download pdf file
Click for more Social Science Study Material
Other Chapters
NCERT Class 7 Civics Understanding Advertising
NCERT Class 7 Geography Life in the Temperate Grasslands
NCERT Class 7 History The Creation Of An Empire
Our Environment Chapter 1 Environment
NCERT Class 7 Geography Environment
Our Environment Chapter 2 Inside Our Earth
NCERT Class 7 Geography Inside Our Earth
Our Environment Chapter 3 Our Changing Earth
NCERT Class 7 Geography Our Changing Earth
Our Environment Chapter 4 Air
NCERT Class 7 Geography Air
Our Environment Chapter 5 Water
NCERT Class 7 Geography Water
Our Environment Chapter 6 Natural Vegetation and Wild Life
NCERT Class 7 Geography Natural Vegetation and Wild Life
Our Environment Chapter 7 Human Environment
NCERT Class 7 Geography Human Environment
Our Environment Chapter 8 Human Environment Interactions
NCERT Class 7 Geography Human Environment Interactions
Our Environment Chapter 9 Life in the Deserts
NCERT Class 7 Geography Life in the Deserts
Our Pasts II Chapter 1 Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years
NCERT Class 7 History Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years
Our Pasts II Chapter 2 New Kings and Kingdoms
NCERT Class 7 History New Kings And Kingdoms
Our Pasts II Chapter 3 The Delhi Sultans
NCERT Class 7 History The Delhi Sultans
Our Pasts II Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire
NCERT Class 7 History Our Pasts 2 The Mughal Empire
Our Pasts II Chapter 5 Rulers And Buildings
NCERT Class 7 History Rulers And Buildings
Our Pasts II Chapter 6 Towns, Traders And Craftspersons
NCERT Class 7 History Towns Traders And Craftsperson
Our Pasts II Chapter 7 Tribes, Nomads And Settled Communities
NCERT Class 7 History Tribes Nomads
Our Pasts II Chapter 8 Devotional Paths To The Divine
NCERT Class 7 History Devotional Paths
Our Pasts II Chapter 9 The Making Of Regional Cultures
NCERT Class 7 History The Making Of Regional Cultures
Our Pasts II Chapter 10 Eighteenth Century Political Formations
NCERT Class 7 History Eighteenth Century Political Formations
Social and Political Life-II Chapter 1 On Equality
NCERT Class 7 Civics Equality in Indian Democracy
Social and Political Life-II Chapter 2 Role of the Government in Health
NCERT Class 7 Civics State Government
Social and Political Life-II Chapter 3 How the State Government Works
NCERT Class 7 Civics How the State Government Works
Social and Political Life-II Chapter 4 Growing up as Boys and Girls
NCERT Class 7 Civics Gender
Social and Political Life-II Chapter 5 Women Change the World
NCERT Class 7 Civics Women Change the World
Social and Political Life-II Chapter 6 Understanding Media
NCERT Class 7 Civics Media and Advertising
Social and Political Life-II Chapter 7 Markets Around Us
NCERT Class 7 Civics Markets Around Us
Social and Political Life-II Chapter 8 A Shirt in the Market
NCERT Class 7 Civics A Shirt in the Market
Social and Political Life-II Chapter 9 Struggles for Equality
NCERT Class 7 Civics Struggles For Equality

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

Score well in Class 12 English Boards Exam

12th Board exams are an important part of students' lives. The marks obtained in the board exam decide the college in which one can study. In class 12 the syllabus of each and every subject increases vastly and it is difficult to cover up every point. In English also...

MCQ Question based CBSE examination

For 2021-22 CBSE has launched MCQ question-based examination for Term 1 & Term 2 board examinations. The entire syllabus has been divided into two parts each including 50% of the entire syllabus. To score well, students must practice as per the new CBSE term-wise...

CBSE Class 10 Revised Syllabus

Last year CBSE had to reduce the syllabus because of the pandemic situation but it was not very effective because there were no examinations. This year to avoid any confusion and conflict, CBSE has decided to reduce the syllabus into term 1 and term 2. 50 percent of...

How To Solve Unseen Passages In English

Unseen passages may contain one or many paragraphs. This is one of the important yet easy parts for a student to get marks. Students should thoroughly study and understand the passage to answer the related questions. The unseen passages are there just to test the...

Studies Today