CBSE Class 3 Computer Science About Desktop And Computer Peripherals Notes

Download CBSE Class 3 Computer Science About Desktop And Computer Peripherals Notes in PDF format. All Revision notes for Class 3 Computers have been designed as per the latest syllabus and updated chapters given in your textbook for Computers in Standard 3. Our teachers have designed these concept notes for the benefit of Grade 3 students. You should use these chapter wise notes for revision on daily basis. These study notes can also be used for learning each chapter and its important and difficult topics or revision just before your exams to help you get better scores in upcoming examinations, You can also use Printable notes for Class 3 Computers for faster revision of difficult topics and get higher rank. After reading these notes also refer to MCQ questions for Class 3 Computers given our website

About Desktop And Computer Peripherals Class 3 Computers Revision Notes

Class 3 Computers students should refer to the following concepts and notes for About Desktop And Computer Peripherals in standard 3. These exam notes for Grade 3 Computers will be very useful for upcoming class tests and examinations and help you to score good marks

About Desktop And Computer Peripherals Notes Class 3 Computers

DESKTOP
 
The desktop is the primary user interface of a computer. When we boot up a computer, the desktop is displayed once the startup process is complete. Desktop is an area or window on a computer screen in which small pictures (called icons) are arranged like objects on top of a desk.
 
It includes the desktop background (or wallpapers), icons of files and folders we may have saved on the desktop. In windows, the desktop includes a task bar, which is located at the bottom of the screen by default.
Therefore, it may be helpful to store commonly used files, folders and application shortcuts on your desktop.
 
Class 3 Computer Science About Desktop and Computer Peripherals Notes
 
Display Properties

• To Change Desktop Background or Wallpaper in "Personalization"
                                          Settings
1. Right click on an empty space on the desktop and click on Personalize. (see screenshot below)
Class 3 Computer Science About Desktop and Computer Peripherals Notes1
 
2. Click on the Desktop Background link at the bottom of the window. (see screenshot below)
 
NOTE: The name in gray under Desktop Background is the current desktop background file name.
1 
3. Select a Picture Location
A) Click on the drop down arrow menu to select from the list of available picture folder locations, or click on the Browse button to navigate to the picture folder location.)

NOTE:To use another regional wallpaper, see the yellow TIP box at the top of the tutorial. To remove a folder from the Picture location (not clear)

B) Select the picture folder and click on Select Folder.

4. Select a Desktop Background

A) Right click on an available picture, or click (check) on the box in the upper left corner of the picture, to select (see screenshot below step 7)

NOTE:You can continue to right click on the images to see it previewed on your desktop until you decide which one you like best.

5. Select the Picture Position

A) Click on the drop down arrow menu, and click on the picture position you want for the desktop background. (see bottom of screenshot below step 7)

6. For a Desktop SlideShow

A) select more than one picture to create a Desktop Slideshow

7.Click on Save changes to apply the changes. (see screenshots below)

2

Identify Icons on Desktop –

  • An icon is a small graphic representation of a program or file that, when clicked on, will be run or opened. Icons are used with Graphical User Interface (GUI) Operating Systems such as MicrosoftWindows and the AppleMac.
  • When you double-click or open an icon the associated file or program will be opened.

For example, if you double-click on the My Computer icon, it will open Windows Explorer and double-clicking a document or file icon it will open that document in the associated program.

Start button and Taskbar

The start Menu is used to open programs and folders, search for things on your computer and turn off your computer.

3

Task bar is a horizontal bar located at the bottom of the screen where running programs are shown when minimized represented by icons.

My Computer – My Computer icon is a pictogram displayed on a computer screen in order to help user navigate a computer system.

4

My Computer icon that is available on the desktop is use to find out the resource of your pc.

My computer consists of number of icons.- Hard Disk Drive, Devices with Removable Storage and Network location.

Recycle bin- The Recycle bin acts just like a dustbin. Whenever a file is deleted automatically it goes to the recycle bin. Whenever a file is further needed it may be recovered, it is done by simply pressing the restore button in the recycle bin.

5

Input and Output Devices

Input device- The input devices are used for transferring user’s data to the computer. Some of the Input devices are

6

Output devices- An output device is any electronic or electromechanical equipment connected to a computer and used to transfer data out of the computer in the form of text, images, sounds, or other media. Examples of output devices include speakers, headphones, printer and screen/monitor.

7

Processing

Working on data to get the meaningful information is called processing. In computer calculation and manipulation is done inside the Central Processing Unit(CPU) . It act as brain of the Computer.

The performance of your computer is based on simple mathematical operations.

CPU is the device, that controls all the operations. The CPU has integrated ALU (Arithmetical Logical Unit). This unit is responsible for all mathematical and logical operations.

8

In the CPU there are three separate units such as

  1. Control Unit
  2. Memory Unit
  3. Arithmetic and Logical Unit

Control Unit:-The control unit is a component of a computer's CENTRALPROCESSINGUNI(CPU) which directs operation of the processor. It controls communication and co-ordination between input/output devices. It reads and interprets instructions and determines the sequence for processing the data.

It directs the operation of the other units by providing timing and control signals. All computer resources are managed by the CU (Control Unit). It directs the flow of data between the Central Processing Unit (CPU) and the other devices.

Memory Unit:- When a program is fed into the input unit, the information is translated into the machine language and stored in the main memory only on the instruction of the Control Unit. When the instruction is given to the computer by the user to execute the program, the control unit instructs the memory unit to supply the data and information to ALU for processing. The processed date and results are sent back by the ALU to the memory unit to store them in separate location for future use by the instructions of Control Unit.

Arithmetic and Logic Unit:- This unit handles both arithmetic and logic operations. On the instructions of the Control unit and data available from the main memory, the ALU operates on the data and sends the processed results back to the main memory to store in separate locations. This unit does Mathematical (+,-,X,/) relational(<,>,=,>=,<=,!=) logical operations(AND, OR).

Let us do practice now

Type-I (Short answered based questions)

  1. What is function of Recycle bin?
  1. Write the steps to delete the files on the desktop.
  1. List any two Input and Output devices.
  1. What is need of Icon and draw any two Icons.
  1. What is brain of Computer?

Type –II (Fill in the blanks)

  1. Mouse is ____________ adevice.
  1. CPU can do__________and __________.
  1. Printer can give the output on _________________.
  1. The most common Character input device is ____________.
  1. _________ is a dustbin of your computer.

Type –III (Match the Columns)

Lab session

  1. Save the word file on the different location of the computer.

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