Environment and Society Class 11 NCERT Solutions
Class 11 Sociology students should refer to the following NCERT questions with answers for Environment and Society in standard 11. These NCERT Solutions with answers for Grade 11 Sociology will come in exams and help you to score good marks
Environment and Society NCERT Solutions Class 11
NCERT Solutions Class 11 Sociology Environment and Society. The NCERT solutions for Class 11 Sociology book have been made by Sociology teacher of one of the best CBSE school in India. Sociology in Class 11 is an important and easy to score subject for Class 11 students. These NCERT solutions have been made to give detailed answers and explanations which can be easily understood by the students. You can download the NCERT solutions for free in pdf format. Refer to other links also to download Class 11 Sociology NCERT solutions, worksheets, sample papers and test papers.
Sociology Environment and Society
Q1 : Describe in your own words what you understand by the term `ecology'.
Answer : Ecology refers to the complex network of biological and physical systems and processes between the biotic and abiotic components of environment. It is responsible for the type of environment around living beings. Humans are also a constituent of ecology. Various physical features like mountains, rivers, plains and oceans, each with their unique flora and fauna, form their own ecology. The ecology of a place is affected by the interaction between its geography and hydrology. The flora and fauna of a particular region adapt themselves according to its ecology, in order to survive. Ecology of a place has an impact on the human living conditions and the lifestyle, food, clothing, occupation and culture of the people of that place.
Q2 : Why is ecology not limited only to the forces of nature?
Answer : Ecology is not limited to the forces of nature as it gradually gets modified by human actions. Many seemingly natural features and phenomena associated with the environment are the caused by human activities. For example, the change in climate because of global warming seems to be a natural process, but is an outcome of the human activities. The conservation of soil and water, usage of pesticide, and other man-made materials in agriculture are other examples of human transformation of nature. Artificial environment is prominently visible in cities in the form of built environment made from concrete, cement, brick, stone, glass and tar.
Q3 : Describe the two-way process by which social environments emerge.
Answer : Social environments emerge as a result of a two-way process in the form of interaction between biophysical ecology and human interventions. This can be explained as the shaping of human society by nature and the shaping of nature by human society. For example, the soil fertility of Indo-Gangetic plain enables agriculture and sustains high density of population while the arid and dry condition in Rajasthan barely supports pastoral form of life. This represents the impact of nature on human life. Contrary to this, technological developments like invention of automobiles have had an impact on the landscape. Air pollution and global warming are examples of the impact of human activities on nature.
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