Indian Sociologists Class 11 NCERT Solutions
Class 11 Sociology students should refer to the following NCERT questions with answers for Indian Sociologists in standard 11. These NCERT Solutions with answers for Grade 11 Sociology will come in exams and help you to score good marks
Indian Sociologists NCERT Solutions Class 11
NCERT Solutions Class 11 Sociology Indian Sociologists. The NCERT solutions for Class 11 Sociology book have been made by Sociology teacher of one of the best CBSE school in India. Sociology in Class 11 is an important and easy to score subject for Class 11 students. These NCERT solutions have been made to give detailed answers and explanations which can be easily understood by the students. You can download the NCERT solutions for free in pdf format. Refer to other links also to download Class 11 Sociology NCERT solutions, worksheets, sample papers and test papers.
Sociology Indian Sociologists
Q1 : How did Ananthakrishna Iyer and Sarat Chandra Roy come to practice social anthropology?
Answer : Ananthakrishna Iyer came to practice social anthropology by voluntarily helping the British administrators in ethnographic surveys of India. He was initially a clerk and then became a college teacher at Ernakulum. In 1902, he was asked by the Dewan of Cochin to assist with an ethnographic survey of the state. Later, he worked for British government as unpaid Superintendent of Ethnography. His work received appreciation from British anthropologists and administrators. Iyer became a reader at the University of Madras and set up the post-graduate department of anthropology at the University of Calcutta. Thus, he became the first self-taught anthropologist.
Sarat Chandra Roy was educated in law and English. He gave up his law practice and became a school teacher in Ranchi. He was appointed as the official interpreter in the court after he resumed his law practice. Gradually, he became interested in the tribal society, as he had to interpret the tribal customs in the court. He gained considerable knowledge on the culture and society of the tribal people of Chhotanagpur. Roy produced valuable monographs and research articles on this subject. He travelled and did intensive fieldwork pertaining to the tribal community.
Thus, the experiences gained by Iyer and Roy in the course of their work led to their interest in social anthropology.
Q2 : What were the main arguments on either side of the debate about how to relate to tribal communities?
Answer : The main arguments, on either side of the debate about relating to tribal communities, were led by the British administrator anthropologists and the nationalists.
According to the British, the tribes of India were primitive people and had a different culture from the Hindus. They believed that the simple tribal people would suffer exploitation and cultural degradation at the hands of Hindu people who wanted the assimilation of tribal people with them. Thus, they needed to be protected by the state in order to safeguard their interests.
On the other hand, the nationalists, of whom G.S Ghurye was the most famous exponent, argued that the tribes of India were not backward, but had been interacting with the rest of Hindu society over a long period. The process of assimilation had been experienced by all the communities in India and the tribes were only a step behind in this process.
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