Important Unseen Passage for class 8 English for upcoming exams
Read the following passage carefully:
POWER OF THE PRESS
1. The newspaper is one of the significant signs of modern civilization. It is the most popular form of reading in the present times because it interests all sorts of people. It is full of political news, sports and commercial news, as well as articles by well-known writers. A newspaper keeps us both entertained and informed.
2. In these days of democracy, public opinion rules everywhere. No government can long withstand the pressure of a strong public opinion. It is, therefore, quite clear that if the Press controls public opinion, and public opinion in turn controls the government, ultimately the Press controls the government. It acts as an interpreter between the government and the people and brings the rulers and the ruled together.
3. The Press also acts as a public court. All evils, corruptions, vices, scandals etc. are given publicity and brought forth to the public through the medium of newspapers. The pressure of public opinion can be brought to bear upon the doers of evil and injustice. The oppressed and the downtrodden can easily demand justice at the bar of public opinion.
4. Again, to build a nation, it becomes necessary to spread ideas of liberty and independence among the masses. The real freedom of a country is never possible without uplifting the common people. Politicians as well as economists can circulate their ideas easily through newspapers, as they reach the most distant corners in the shortest possible time.
5. Newspapers also tell people what their rights are and teach them how they can protect and exercise these rights. By placing before the readers, new view-points every day, they stimulate thought and increase the power of independent thinking. Thus newspapers contribute to the development of knowledge, and their educative influence is indeed immense.
6. The advantages of having a strong, independent and honest press far outweigh the evils practised by a few cheap, irresponsible newspapers. The newspaper is one of the greatest blessings of civilisation and journalism and therefore it should be allowed to have the maximum amount of freedom possible.
7. Restrictions on newspapers should be as few as possible in order to ensure the healthy growth of a nation. In the present stage of developing civilisation, newspapers are an absolute necessity; and given the freedom of expression, they are capable of doing immense good to society, the country and the world. Thus the freedom of Press is the first requisite for the freedom of people
Answer the following questions briefly:
Give three reasons to show the importance of the newspapers.
How does public opinion rule everywhere in case of democracy?
Why is the freedom of the press essential?
When can real freedom come to existence?
Very short answer type questions to test vocabulary:
1. Which word in the passage means ‘crushed’? (Para 3)
2. Find out the antonym of 'discourage'. (Para 5)
3. Find the synonym of ' colossal'. (Para 5)
4. Find the antonym of 'restriction'. (Para 7)