Unseen passage for Class 8 English. Important for the upcoming exams
Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:
1. Chanakya is famous in history as a sage – like person, who by his political shrewdness and expediency helped in the establishment of the mighty Mauryan Empire. Chanakya was wise, clever, foresighted, determined and deeply read in economics, diplomacy and politics. There is a legend that Chanakya was once invited to the court of the Nanda rulers of Magadha where he was insulted. Chanakya took a vow to cause the downfall of the Nanda dynasty. With the help of a brave and capable general, Chandragupta, he succeeded in fulfilling his vow and founded a new Mauryan dynasty in Magadha. He expelled the Greek invaders from India with his help again. Chanakya served as a friend, philosopher and guide to Chandragupta Maurya. Chanakya is also believed to be the author of Arthshastra, the classical Indian Treatise on state craft. It lays down rules for governments and also gives a detailed account of the contemporary state administration.
2. Chanakya was born in a poor Brahmin family of Taxila. His real name was Vishnugupta. Chanakya is also known as Kautilya because of his ‘Kut Niti’’or diplomacy. He was educated at Taxila, a great educational centre in those times. In his personal life, Chanakya was like an ascetic and the legend goes that he lived in a mud hut near the royal palace. A very famous Sanskrit play, Mudrarakhasa, has for its theme one of the diplomatic feats of Chanakya. Most of the foreign diplomatic enclaves in New Delhi are situated in an area named after him known as Chanakyapuri.
I. On the basis of your reading of the above passage, choose the correct option:
a. What helped Chanakya in the establishment of the mighty Mauryan Empire?
i) the expulsion of the Greek invaders from India
ii) his being an ascetic
iii) his political shrewdness and expediency
iv) the downfall of Nanda dynasty
b. Chandragupta was ___________________
i) friend, philosopher and guide to Chanakya
ii) successor of Chanakya
iii) the author of Arthshastra
iv) a brave and capable general
c. The classical treatise on state craft is known as ______________
iii) Kut Niti
iv) None of the above
c. Chanakya took a vow to cause the downfall of the Nanda dynasty because ________
i) Chandragupta Maurya was insulted by the Nanda rulers
ii) he wanted to expel the Greek invaders from India
iii) he was insulted by the Nanda rulers of Magadha
iv) he wanted to establish the mighty Mauryan Empire
II. Complete the following sentences:
- Chanakya is also known as Kautilya because _________________________.
- Arthshastra, the classical Indian Treatise lays down rules for __________________
III. Answer the following briefly:
a. Name the literary work that features one of the diplomatic feats of Chanakya.
b. Why was Chanakya known as an ascetic?
c. What is the significance of the area named after Chanakya in New Delhi?