CBSE Class 11 English Unseen Passage N

CBSE Class 11 English Unseen Passage N. Students should do unseen passages for class 11 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers. 

Passage

An incredibly wild stretch of blue mountains Iay in front of us as we stood at an altitude of 3,352.8 metres and looked eastwards. The mountains appeared to have developed white wings as clouds floated around them. As the clouds cleared, on could see rhododendrons of vibrant hues draping the mountain slopes and the valleys below. In the distance, a slim silvery-white cascade assured us that there must be a full stream running by. And, surely there was the Nyamjangchu (river), flowing freely from Tibet into India. The cloud-capped mountains of Tibet rose into the sky in the east and the densely forested mountains of Bhutan stood like a fortress in the west. There was a Chinese outpost in the valley along the right bank of the Nyamjangchu, and not far from it, on the mountain slope to the west, was an Indian Army camp. 

We were in the higher altitudes of western Arunachal Pradesh to evaluate the three community conservation areas (CCAs) established by the World-Wide fund for Nature (WWF)-India. The major ongoing programmes in the CCAs aim at promoting ecotourism protecting the black-necked crane and its habitat, safeguarding the future of the red panda and its habitat, and introducing Biolite's Homestove in order to reduce the amount of firewood used in cooking. 

Arunachal Pradesh, spread over 83,743 square kilometres, has nearly 60 per cent of its area under forest cover, that is, 51,540 km2. It is situated within the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot, a globally important centre of biodiversity. The population density of the State is just 17 per sq.km. Approximately 60 per cent of its forest cover is classified as "unclassed state forest, or USF", and is largely under the control of the local communities. Pressures on these ecologically fragile forests were negligible some decades ago. Today, several factors have increased pressures on them. These range from development of extensive networks of road to connect every nook and cranny of the State, primarily for security reasons, and change in people's lifestyle, from being one that is largely sustainable to one emulating those in developed States. In additions, there is tremendous extraction of wood for various purposes. It is hardly surprising that the State of Forest Report (2011) has recorded a decline of 74 sq. km in the forest cover in the community-owned forest land in the state. Hunting for pot and the wildlife trade has been a serious issue in the State.

Keeping these facts in mind, WWF-India has been engaging with members of the Monpa community in the western Arunachal landscape (WAL) since 2004-05. The WWF-India WAL covers 7,000 sq. km, including snowbound areas, within Tawang and West Kameng districts which together have an area of 11,000 sq km. Its efforts have resulted in the establishment of the three CCAs- the ThembangBapu CCA (635 sq, km) in West Kameng district, and the pangchen LumpoMuchat CCA in Pangchen Valley (98 sq, km) and the PangchenLakhar CCA (85 sq, km), both in Tawang district. The Bugun, Miji and Sherdukpen tribes inhabit West Kameng district while Tawang is largely inhabited by Monpas, who are Buddhists. 

We started our journey to western Arunachal Pradesh from Tezpur (Assam) in mid-May, the rains had just started.

Rhododendron arboretums was the first variety of the flower we sighted as we drove up the mountains inhaling fresh mountain air, But as we reached human settlements the stench of garbage and the smoke of burning garbage overpowered the atmosphere. A mullah near the Baisakhi Army camp was filled with plastic water bottles, plasticized cardboard cartons and other garbage. One problems associated with the accumulation of garbage was the proliferation of free-ranging dogs, which are a threat to wild ungulates red panda, the State animal such as the barking deer and the sambar. The dogs are wont to kill the arboreal red panda, the State animal of Sikkim, when the mammal moves from one patch of forest to another. Although a carnivore, the red panda is not agile on the ground. Leopards thrive on dogs but as a result of poisoning of livestock kill and elimination of wild ungulate prey by poaching, both the leopard and the tiger are extremely rare in western Arunachal Pradesh. A solitary stalking predator cannot afford to be injured and therefore, it is possible leopards avoid free-ranging dogs when they scavenge in a group at garbage sites. 

1.1 Find the meaning of the following words and phrases from the passage:-

1.) What is the Worldwide Fund for nature doing in the area?

2.) Mention the types of problems that arise due to accumulation of garbage.

3.) What makes the Tiger and Leopard a rare breed in Western Arunachal Pradesh?

4.) What are the pressures on these forests?

5.) What did the narrator’s party experience when they entered human settlements?

1.2 Find the meaning of the following words and phrases from the passage:-

(i) without tearing (para 1)

(ii) done something for a long time (para 2)

(iii) relates to the whole world (para 3)

(iv) the acquisition (para 4)

Suggested answers for the above passage:

1.Worldwide fund for nature was established to evaluate the three community conservation areas (CCAs).

2.The type of problems associated that arise due to the accumulation of the garbage was:

3.The smoke of burning garbage overpowered the atmosphere.

4.The accumulation of the garbage was the proliferation of free ranging dogs, which are a threat to wild ungulates such as the barking deer and the sambar. The dogs are wont to kill the arboreal red panda, the State animal of Sikkim, when the mammals move from one patch of forest to another.

5.Leopards thrive on dogs but as a result of poisoning of livestock kill and elimination of wild ungulate prey by poaching, both the leopard and the tiger are extremely rare in western Arunachal Pradesh.

6.These range from development of extensive networks of road to connect every nook and cranny of the State, primarily for security reasons, and change in people's lifestyle, from being one that is largely sustainable to one emulating those in developed States.

7.When narrator party reached human settlements the stench of garbage and the smoke of burning garbage overpowered the atmosphere. A mullah near the Baisakhi Army camp was filled with plastic water bottles, plasticized cardboard cartons and other garbage.

(i) stretch

(ii) established

(iii) globally

(iv) accumulation

 


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