CBSE Class 11 English Unseen Passage B

CBSE Class 11 English Unseen Passage B. Students should do unseen passages for class 11 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers. 

Passage

The object that we set before ourselves was to be albe to clothe ourselves entirely in cloth manufactured by our own hands. We therefore forthwith discarded the use of mill-woven cloth, and all the members of the Ashram resolved to wear hand-woven cloth made from Indian yarn only. The adoption of this practice brought us a world of experience. It enabled us to know, from direct contact, the conditions of life among the weavers, the extent of their production, the handicaps in the way of their obtaining their yarn supply, the way in which they were being made victims of fraud, and lastly, their ever growing indebtedness.

We were not in a position immediately to manufacture all the cloth for our needs. The alternative therefore was to get our cloth supply from handloom weavers. But ready-made cloth from Indian mill was not easily obtainable either from the cloth-dealers or from the weavers themselves. All the fine cloth woven by the weavers was from foreign yarn, since Indian mills did not spin fine counts.

Even today the out-trun of higher counts by Indian mills is very limited whilst highest counts they cannot spin at all. It was after the greatest effort that we were at last able be to find some weavers who condescended to weave Swadeshi yarn for us, and only on condition that the Ashram would take up all the cloth that they might produce. By thus adopting cloth woven from mill yarn as our wear, and propagating it among our friends, we made ourselves voluntary agents of the Indian spinning mills. This in its turn brought us in contact with the mills, and enabled us to know something about their management and their handicaps.

It enabled us to know, from direct contact, the conditions of life among the weavers, the extent of their production, the handicaps in the way of their obtaining their yarn supply, the way in which they were being made victims of fraud, and; lastly their ever growing indebtedness. We were not in a position immediately to manufacture all the cloth for our needs. The alternative therefore was to get our cloth supply from handloom weavers. But ready-made cloth from Indian mills was not easily obtainable either from the cloth dealers or from the weavers themselves.

All the fine cloth woven by the weavers was from foreign yarn, since Indian mills did not spin fine counts. Even today the out -turn of higher counts by Indian mills is very limited, whilst highest counts they cannot spin at all. It was after the greatest effort that we were at last able to find some weavers who condescended to weave Swadeshi yarn for us, and only on condition that the Ashram would take up all the cloth that they might produce.

1.1 On the basis of reading the above passage answer the following questions:-

1.) What did the members of the Ashram resolve?

2.) What knowledge and experience did the wearing of Indian hand woven cloth bring them?

3.) What object Gandhi and his companion set before themselves?

4.) What alternative were Gandhi and his companions left with?

5.) Why had Gandhi and the others had to make the greatest effort to get some weavers to weave for them?

1.2 Find the meaning of the following words and phrases from the passage:-

(i) feels superior (para 3)

(ii) Instantly (para 2)

(iii) another possibility (para 4)

(iv)  disadvantage imposed (para 1) 

Suggested answers for the above passage:

1.) The members of the Ashram resolved to wear hand-woven cloth from Indian yarn only.

2.) They were able to know about the conditions of life among the weavers the extent of their production, the difficulty in the way of obtaining their yarn and their growing indebtedness.

3.) The object that they set before themselves was to clothe themselves in the cloth manufactured by their own hands.

4.) Gandhi and his companions could not produce all the cloth that they needed. Therefore, they were left with the alternative to get their cloth supply from handloom weavers.

5.) The weavers wove all the fine cloth from foreign yarn. They were, therefore, not ready to weave Swadeshi yarn. Thus Gandhi and the others had to make their greatest effort to get some weavers to weave for them.

6.) (i) condescended

(ii) immediately

(iii) alternative

(iv) handicaps

 


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