NCERT Solutions Class 12 History Through the Eyes of Travellers

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History for chapter 5 Through the Eyes of Travellers    1. Write a note  on the  Kitab-ui-Hind. Answer: •  AI-Biruni's Kitab-u/-Hind was written in Arabic; it is simple  and clear. • It is divided  into  80 chapters on subjects such as religion…

NCERT Solutions Class 12 History Thinkers Beliefs and Buildings

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History for chapter 4 Thinkers Beliefs and  Buildings 1. Were the ideas of the Upanishadic thinkers different from those of the fatalists and materialists? Give reasons for your answer. Answer: • Many Upanishadic ideas show that people wanted to…

NCERT Solutions Class 12 History Kinship Caste and Class

NCERT Solutions Class 12 History Kinship Caste and Class   1. Explain why  patriliny may  have  been  particularly important among elite families. Answer: • Patriliny  had existed  prior  to the composition of the Mahabharata; however, the central  story  of the text…

NCERT Solutions Class 12 History Kings Farmers and Towns

 NCERT Solutions Class 12 History Kings Farmers and Towns   1. Discuss  the  evidence of craft production in Early Historic cities. In what ways is this  different from the  evidence from Harappan cities? Answer: • From Early Historic  Cities, archaeologists have excavated  …

NCERT Solutions Class 12 History Bricks Beads and Bones

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History for chapter 1 Bricks Beads and Bones   1. List the  items of food  available to people in Harappan cities. Identify the  groups who  would have  provided these. Answer: • The Harappans ate varieties of plant  and animal products. • They…

NCERT Class 12 History Understanding Partition Politics Memories Experiences

We know that the joy of our country’s independence from colonial rule in 1947 was tarnished by the violence and brutality of Partition. The Partition of British India into the sovereign states of India and Pakistan (with its western and eastern wings) led to many sudden…

NCERT Class 12 History Through The Eyes Of Travellers Perceptions of Society

Women and men have travelled in search of work, to escape from natural disasters, as traders, merchants, soldiers, priests, pilgrims, or driven by a sense of adventure. Those who visit or come to stay in a new landinvariably encounter a world that is different: in terms of the…

NCERT Class 12 History Thinkers Beliefs and Buildings Cultural Developments

  In this chapter we shall go on a long journey across a thousand years to read about philosophers and their attempts to understand the world they inhabited. We will also see how their ideas were compiled as oral and written texts as well as expressed in architecture and…

NCERT Class 12 History Rebels And the Raj The Revolt of 1857 And Its Representations

Late in the afternoon of 10 May 1857, the sepoys in the cantonment of Meerut broke out in mutiny. It began in the lines of the native infantry, spread very swiftly to the cavalry and then to the city. The ordinary people of the town and surrounding villages joined the sepoys.…

NCERT Class 12 History Peasants Zamindars And the State Agarian Society And the Mugal Empire

During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries about 85 per cent of the population of India lived in its villages. Both peasants and landed elites were involved in agricultural production and claimed rights to a share of the produce. This created relationships of cooperation,…

NCERT Class 12 History Mahatma Gandhi and The Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond

In the history of nationalism a single individual is often identified with the making of a nation. Thus, for example, we associate Garibaldi with the making of Italy, George Washington with the American War of Independence, and Ho Chi Minh with the struggle to free Vietnam…

NCERT Class 12 History Kinship Caste and Class Early Societies

In the previous chapter we saw that there were several changes in economic and political life between c. 600 BCE and 600 CE. Some of these changes influenced societies as well. For instance, the extension of   agriculture into forested areas transformed the lives of forest…

NCERT Class 12 History Kings Farmers and Towns Early States and Economies

There were several developments in different parts of the  subcontinent during the long span of 1,500 years following the end of the Harappan civilisation. This was also the period during which the Rigveda was  composed by peopleliving along the Indus and its tributaries.…

NCERT Class 12 History Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts

The rulers of the Mughal Empire saw themselves as appointed by Divine Will to rule over a large and heterogeneous populace. Although this grand vision was often circumscribed by actual political circumstances, it remained important. One way of transmitting this vision was…