NCERT Class 10 History The Nineteenth Century

Read and download NCERT Class 10 History The Nineteenth Century chapter in NCERT book for Class 10 History. You can download latest NCERT eBooks for 2021 chapter wise in PDF format free from Studiestoday.com. This History textbook for Class 10 is designed by NCERT and is very useful for students. Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 10 History to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter

The Nineteenth Century Class 10 History NCERT

Class 10 History students should refer to the following NCERT Book chapter The Nineteenth Century in standard 10. This NCERT Book for Grade 10 History will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

The Nineteenth Century NCERT Class 10

The Nineteenth Century (1815-1914)

The world changed profoundly in the nineteenth century. Economic, political, social, cultural and technological factors interacted in complex ways to transform societies and reshape external relations. Economists identify three types of movement or ‘flows’ within international economic exchanges. The first is the flow of trade which in the nineteenth century referred largely to trade in goods (e.g., cloth or wheat). The second is the flow of labour – the migration of people in search of employment. The third is the movement of capital for short-term or long-term investments over long distances. All three flows were closely interwoven and affected peoples’ lives more deeply now than ever before. The interconnections could sometimes be broken – for example, labour migration was often more restricted than goods or capital flows. Yet it helps us understand the nineteenth-century world economy better if we look at the three flows together.

2.1 A World Economy Takes Shape

A good place to start is the changing pattern of food production and consumption in industrial Europe. Traditionally, countries liked to be self-sufficient in food. But in nineteenth-century Britain, self-sufficiency in food meant lower living standards and social conflict. Why was this so?

Population growth from the late eighteenth century had increased the demand for food grains in Britain. As urban centres expanded and industry grew, the demand for agricultural products went up, pushing up food grain prices. Under pressure from landed groups, the government also restricted the import of corn. The laws allowing the government to do this were commonly known as the ‘Corn Laws’. Unhappy with high food prices, industrialists and urban dwellers forced the abolition of the Corn Laws. After the Corn Laws were scrapped, food could be imported into Britain more cheaply than it could be produced within the country. British agriculture was unable to compete with imports. Vast areas of land were now left uncultivated, and thousands of men and women were thrown out of work. They flocked to the cities or migrated overseas. 

As food prices fell, consumption in Britain rose. From the midnineteenth century, faster industrial growth in Britain also led to higher incomes, and therefore more food imports. Around the world – in Eastern Europe, Russia, America and Australia – lands were cleared and food production expanded to meet the British demand. It was not enough merely to clear lands for agriculture. Railways were needed to link the agricultural regions to the ports. New harbours had to be built and old ones expanded to ship the new cargoes. People had to settle on the lands to bring them under cultivation. This meant building homes and settlements. All these activities in turn required capital and labour. Capital flowed from financial centres such as London. The demand for labour in places where labour was in short supply – as in America and Australia – led to more migration.

Nearly 50 million people emigrated from Europe to America and Australia in the nineteenth century. All over the world some 150 million are estimated to have left their homes, crossed oceans and vast distances over land in search of a better future. Thus by 1890, a global agricultural economy had taken shape, Activity accompanied by complex changes in labour movement patterns, capital flows, ecologies and technology. Food no longer came from a nearby village or town, but from thousands of miles away. It was not grown by a peasant tilling his own land, but by an agricultural worker, perhaps recently arrived, who was now working on a large farm that only a generation ago had most likely been a forest. It was transported by railway, built for that very purpose, and by ships which were increasingly manned in these decades by low-paid workers from southern Europe, Asia, Africa and the Caribbean.


Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 10 History The Nineteenth Century

Tags: 

 


Click to View or Download pdf file
Click for more Social Science Study Material
Contemporary India II Chapter 1 Resources and Development
NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Resources and Development
Contemporary India II Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources
NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Forest and Wildlife Resources
Contemporary India II Chapter 3 Water Resources
NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Water Resources
Contemporary India II Chapter 4 Agriculture
NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Agriculture
Contemporary India II Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources
NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Minerals and Energy Resources
Contemporary India II Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries
NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Manufacturing Industries
Contemporary India II Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy
NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Lifelines of National Economy
Democratic Politics II Chapter 1 Power Sharing
NCERT Class 10 Political Science Power Sharing
Democratic Politics II Chapter 2 Federalism
NCERT Class 10 Political Science Federalism
Democratic Politics II Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity
NCERT Class 10 Political Science Democracy and Diversity
Democratic Politics II Chapter 4 Gender Religion and Caste
NCERT Class 10 Political Science Gender Religion and Caste
Democratic Politics II Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements
NCERT Class 10 Political Science Popular Struggles and Movements
Democratic Politics II Chapter 6 Political Parties
NCERT Class 10 Political Science Political Parties
Democratic Politics II Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy
NCERT Class 10 Political Science Outcomes of Democracy
Democratic Politics II Chapter 8 Challenges to Democracy
NCERT Class 10 Political Science Challenges to Democracy
India and Contemporary World II Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
NCERT Class 10 History The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
India and Contemporary World II Chapter 2 Nationalism in India
NCERT Class 10 History Nationalism in India
India and Contemporary World II Chapter 3 The Making of a Global World
NCERT Class 10 History The Making of a Global World
India and Contemporary World II Chapter 4 The Age of Industrialisation
NCERT Class 10 History The Age of Industrialisation
Old Chapters
NCERT Class 10 History Before the Industrial Revolution
NCERT Class 10 History Characteristics of the City
NCERT Class 10 History Cities and the Challenge of the Environment
NCERT Class 10 History Differing Strands within the Movement
NCERT Class 10 History Emerging from the Shadow of China
NCERT Class 10 History Factories Come Up
NCERT Class 10 History Hand Labour and Steam Power
NCERT Class 10 History Hygiene Disease and Everyday Resistance
NCERT Class 10 History India and the World of Print
NCERT Class 10 History Industrialisation in the Colonies
NCERT Class 10 History Market for Goods
NCERT Class 10 History Nationalism and Imperialism
NCERT Class 10 History New Forms of Publication
NCERT Class 10 History Novels in the Colonial World
NCERT Class 10 History Politics in the City
NCERT Class 10 History Print and Censorship
NCERT Class 10 History Print Comes to Europe
NCERT Class 10 History Rebuilding a World Economy
NCERT Class 10 History Religion and Anti colonialism
NCERT Class 10 History Religious Reform and Public Debates
NCERT Class 10 History Social Change in the City
NCERT Class 10 History The Age of Revolutions 1830 1848
NCERT Class 10 History The City in Colonial India
NCERT Class 10 History The Communist Movement
NCERT Class 10 History The Dilemma of Colonial Education
NCERT Class 10 History The End of the War
NCERT Class 10 History The First Printed Books
NCERT Class 10 History The First World War
NCERT Class 10 History The Inter war Economy
NCERT Class 10 History The Making of Germany and Italy
NCERT Class 10 History The Making of Nationalism in Europe
NCERT Class 10 History The Nation and Its Heroes
NCERT Class 10 History The Nation and its History
NCERT Class 10 History The Nationalist Movement in Indo China
NCERT Class 10 History The Nineteenth Century
NCERT Class 10 History The Nineteenth Century1
NCERT Class 10 History The Novel Comes to India
NCERT Class 10 History The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth
NCERT Class 10 History The Print Revolution and Its Impact
NCERT Class 10 History The Reading Mania
NCERT Class 10 History The Rise of the Novel
NCERT Class 10 History The Sense of Collective Belonging
NCERT Class 10 History The Vision of Modernisation
NCERT Class 10 History Towards Civil Disobedience
NCERT Class 10 History Visualising the Nation
NCERT Class 10 History Women and the Novel
Understanding Economic Development Chapter 1 Development
NCERT Class 10 Economics Development
Understanding Economic Development Chapter 2 Sectors of the Indian Economy
NCERT Class 10 Economics Sectors Of The Indian Economy
Understanding Economic Development Chapter 3 Money and Credit
NCERT Class 10 Economics Money And Credit
Understanding Economic Development Chapter 4 Globalisation and the Indian Economy
NCERT Class 10 Economics Globalisation And The Indian Economy
Understanding Economic Development Chapter 5 Consumer Rights
NCERT Class 10 Economics Consumer Rights

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

Celebration of Matribhasha Diwas Mother Language day

UNESCO has declared 21st February of every year to be celebrated as International Mother Language day to promote dissemination of Mother Language of all, create awareness of linguistic and cultural traditions and diversity across the world and to inspire solidarity...

CBSE Term 2 Board Examinations

CBSE vide Circular No.Acad-51/2021 dated 5th July, 2021, notified that in the session 2021-2022, Board Examinations would be conducted in two terms, i.e.. Term I and Term II. This decision was taken due to the uncertainty arising out of COVID 19 Pandemic. Term I...

Class 10th and 12th Term 2 Revaluation Process 2022

Evaluation of the Answer Books is done under a well-settled Policy. To ensure that the evaluation is error free, CBSE is taking several steps. After strictly following these steps, the result is prepared. Though, CBSE is having a well-settled system of assessment,...

Board Exams Date Sheet Class 10 and Class 12

Datesheet for CBSE Board Exams Class 10  (Scroll down for Class 12 Datesheet) Datesheet for CBSE Board Exams Class 12