Read and download NCERT Class 10 History The Age of Revolutions 1830 1848 chapter in NCERT book for Class 10 History. You can download latest NCERT eBooks for 2021 chapter wise in PDF format free from Studiestoday.com. This History textbook for Class 10 is designed by NCERT and is very useful for students. Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 10 History to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter
The Age Of Revolutions 1830 1848 Class 10 History NCERT
Class 10 History students should refer to the following NCERT Book chapter The Age Of Revolutions 1830 1848 in standard 10. This NCERT Book for Grade 10 History will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks
The Age Of Revolutions 1830 1848 NCERT Class 10
The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848
As conservative regimes tried to consolidate their power, liberalism and nationalism came to be increasingly associated with revolution in many regions of Europe such as the Italian and German states, the provinces of the Ottoman Empire, Ireland and Poland. These revolutions were led by the liberal-nationalists belonging to the educated middle-class elite, among whom were professors, schoolteachers, clerks and members of the commercial middle classes.
The first upheaval took place in France in July 1830. The Bourbon kings who had been restored to power during the conservative reaction after 1815, were now overthrown by liberal revolutionaries who installed a constitutional monarchy with Louis Philippe at its head. ‘When France sneezes,’ Metternich once remarked, ‘the rest of Europe catches cold.’ The July Revolution sparked an uprising in Brussels which led to Belgium breaking away from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
An event that mobilised nationalist feelings among the educated elite across Europe was the Greek war of independence. Greece had been part of the Ottoman Empire since the fifteenth century. The growth of revolutionary nationalism in Europe sparked off a struggle for independence amongst the Greeks which began in 1821. Nationalists in Greece got support from other Greeks living in exile and also from many West Europeans who had sympathies for ancient Greek culture. Poets and artists lauded Greece as the cradle of European civilisation and mobilised public opinion to support its struggle against a Muslim empire. The English poet Lord Byron organised funds and later went to fight in the war, where he died of fever in 1824. Finally, the Treaty of Constantinople of 1832 recognised Greece as an independent nation.
3.1 The Romantic Imagination and National Feeling
The development of nationalism did not come about only through wars and territorial expansion. Culture played an important role in creating the idea of the nation: art and poetry, stories and music helped express and shape nationalist feelings. Let us look at Romanticism, a cultural movement which sought to develop a particular form of nationalist sentiment. Romantic artists and poets generally criticised the glorification of reason and science and focused instead on emotions, intuition and mystical feelings. Their effort was to create a sense of a shared collective heritage, a common cultural past, as the basis of a nation.
Other Romantics such as the German philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803) claimed that true German culture was to be discovered among the common people – das volk. It was through folk songs, folk poetry and folk dances that the true spirit of the nation (volksgeist) was popularised. So collecting and recording these forms of folk culture was essential to the project of nation-building. The emphasis on vernacular language and the collection of local folklore was not just to recover an ancient national spirit, but also to carry the modern nationalist message to large audiences who were mostly illiterate. This was especially so in the case of Poland, which had been partitioned at the end of the eighteenth century by the Great Powers – Russia, Prussia and Austria.
Even though Poland no longer existed as an independent territory, national feelings were kept alive through music and language. Karol Kurpinski, for example, celebrated the national struggle through his operas and music, turning folk dances like the polonaise and mazurka into nationalist symbols. Language too played an important role in developing nationalist sentiments. After Russian occupation, the Polish language was forced out of schools and the Russian language was imposed everywhere. In 1831, an armed rebellion against Russian rule took place which was ultimately crushed. Following this, many members of the clergy in Poland began to use language as a weapon of national resistance. Polish was used for Church gatherings and all religious instruction. As a result, a large number of priests and bishops were put in jail or sent to Siberia by the Russian authorities as punishment for their refusal to preach in Russian. The use of Polish came to be seen as a symbol of the struggle against Russian dominance.
Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 10 History The Age of Revolutions-1830-1848
Click for more Social Science Study Material ›
|NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Resources and Development|
|NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Forest and Wildlife Resources|
|NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Water Resources|
|NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Agriculture|
|NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Minerals and Energy Resources|
|NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Manufacturing Industries|
|NCERT Class 10 Economics Contemporary India Lifelines of National Economy|
|NCERT Class 10 Political Science Power Sharing|
|NCERT Class 10 Political Science Federalism|
|NCERT Class 10 Political Science Democracy and Diversity|
|NCERT Class 10 Political Science Gender Religion and Caste|
|NCERT Class 10 Political Science Popular Struggles and Movements|
|NCERT Class 10 Political Science Political Parties|
|NCERT Class 10 Political Science Outcomes of Democracy|
|NCERT Class 10 Political Science Challenges to Democracy|
|NCERT Class 10 History The Rise of Nationalism in Europe|
|NCERT Class 10 History Nationalism in India|
|NCERT Class 10 History The Making of a Global World|
|NCERT Class 10 History The Age of Industrialisation|
|NCERT Class 10 Economics Development|
|NCERT Class 10 Economics Sectors Of The Indian Economy|
|NCERT Class 10 Economics Money And Credit|
|NCERT Class 10 Economics Globalisation And The Indian Economy|
|NCERT Class 10 Economics Consumer Rights|