NCERT Class 12 Geography Transport and Communication

Scroll down to download pdf file

NCERT Class 12 Geography Transport and Communication. Download NCERT Chapters and Books in pdf format. Easy to print and read. Copies of these textbooks may be downloaded and used as textbooks or for reference. Refer to other chapters and books at other links (NCERT now providing you soft copies of all textbooks of all subjects from class first to twelfth online). 


We use many items in our daily life. From tooth paste to our bed tea, milk, clothes, soaps, food items, etc. are required every day. All these can be purchased from the market. Have you ever thought as to how these items are brought from the site of production? All the production is meant for consumption. From the fields and factory, the produce is brought to the place from where consumers purchase it. It is the transportation of these items from the site of their production to the market which make them available to the consumer. We not only use material things like fruits, vegetables, books, clothes, etc. but also use ideas, views and messages in our daily life. Do you know we exchange our views, ideas and messages from one place to another or one individual to another while communicating with the help of various means?

The use of transport and communication depends upon our need to move things from place of their availability to the place of their use. Human-beings use various methods to move goods, commodities, ideas from one place to another.

The following diagram shows the major means of transportation.

Land Transpor

The pathways and unmetalled roads have been used for transportation in India since ancient times. With the economic and technological development, metalled roads and railways were developed to move large volume of goods and people from one place to another. Ropeways, cableways and pipelines were devised to cater to the demands of transporting specific goods under special circumstances.

Road Transport

India has one of the largest road networks in the world with a total length of 33.1 lakh km (2005). About 85 per cent of passenger and 70 (1961) was introduced to improve the conditions of roads in India. However, roads continue to concentrate in and around urban centres. Rural and remote areas had the least connectivity by road.

For the purpose of construction and maintenance, roads are classified as National Highways (NH), State Highways(SH), Major District Roads and Rural Roads.



1. Choose the right answers of the following from the given options.

   (i) In how many zones has the Indian Railways system been divided?

       (a) 9                         (c) 16

       (b) 12                       (d) 14

  (ii) Which one of the following is the longest highway of India?

      (a) N.H.-1                   (c) N.H.-7

      (b) N.H.-6                   (d) N.H.-8

  (iii) On which river and between which two places does the National Water Way No. 1 lie?

      (a) The Brahmaputra, Sadiya-Dhubri

      (b) The Ganga, Haldia-Allahabad

      (c) West Coast Canal, Kottapuram to Kollam

  (iv) In which of the following year, the first radio programme was broadcast?

      (a) 1911                     (c) 1927

      (b) 1936                     (d) 1923

2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

  (i) Which activity does transportation convey? Name three major modes of transportation.

  (ii) Discuss advantages and disadvantages of pipeline transportation.

  (iii) What do you mean by ‘communication’?

  (iv) Discuss the contribution of Air India and Indian in the air transport of India.

3. Answer the following questions in about 150 words.

  (i) Which are the chief means of transportation in India? Discuss the factors affecting their development.

  (ii) Give a detailed account of the development of railways in India and highlight their importance.

  (iii) Describe the role of roads in the economic development of India.


Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 12 Geography Transport and Communication


Click on the text For more study material for Geography please click here - Geography

Latest CBSE News

  • NCERT is a government organisation which has been set up to advise the central and state governments on various Matters relating to academics which are related to elementary and Senior school education level. The overall objective of setting up this department was to improve the education level in the entire country. The objective of this department was to prepare and publish text books as per...
  • Government has been working on revamping the school level education system for all CBSE affiliated schools in India. HRD ministry has recently asked for suggestions from teachers, students and parents on the syllabus contents. Thousands of respondents along with teachers submitted their responses on the MHRD website on their opinion about the syllabus for various classes and what all topics to...
  • In today’s world, competition is very tough. Students have to go through a lot in order to complete their education with top ranking. As our educational system is developing, we are being provided with high level problems and questions to practice and sharp our minds. The process of preparing for an exam requires a rigorous amount of practice, concept-building, problem solving and error...
  • CBSE has issued a circular to students and various schools to increase awareness amongst students regarding careful disposal of e-waste. CBSE has issued a letter from Ministry of Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY),Govt. of India regarding increasing awareness programme on Environmental Hazards of Electronic Waste amongst students. The schools have been advised to tell...
  • CBSE has released the following FAQs for Class 11 Academic Session 2018-19 for Computer Science and Informatics Practices - New Syllabus Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Class XI (Academic Session 2018-19) Informatics Practices (New Syllabus) 1. Which version of Python should be preferred? Ans: Version 3.x. Preferably 3.6.4 and above.  2. From where Python can be downloaded? Ans: Python Language...
  • NCERT is an organization which was formed by the Government of India in 1961. The organisation was formed by merging atleast seven government education institutions. The NCERT was formed to standardize the education system in India. The main objective was to publish high quality NCERT books which can be implemented in the entire country to ensure standard education system across the country....
  • What is NTSE Exam ? National Talent Search Examination which is called NTSE in short is a national level examination which is conducted by NCERT (National Council of Education Research and Training). This is one of the most prestigious national level scholarship based exam conducted in India. This is also one of the oldest exam conducted at a national level in India. The first exam was conducted...