CBSE Class 12 Geography Value Based Questions (2)
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Value based questions
Each question is of 3 marks further subdivided into two parts of 1 ½ mark each.
Q1. Mining requires large areas that need to be cleared prior to mining activities. Largescale
deforestation results in the loss of oxygen producing plants, the destruction of vital
habitats for wildlife and the disruption of an area’s ecosystem. Deforestation also leads to
extinction of indigenous animals, plants and organisms, thus reducing overall
biodiversity. Mining utilizes a variety of poisonous chemicals, including mercury, cyanide,
sulfuric acid, arsenic and methyl mercury, which can leak into a nearby water supplies or
evaporate into the air, bringing them into contact with humans, and wildlife.
Q1a). Discuss the phrase ‘the destruction of vital habitat’ in your own words. 1 ½.
Ans 1a). The destruction of vital habitat here refers to deforestation which leads to destruction
of the abode of various species of plants and animals. We should be more concerned about the
environment and should work towards attaining sustainable development wherein we can live in
harmony with nature.
Q1b). What kinds of values are needed to bring an end to the disruption of an area’s ecosystem?
Ans1b). We should be more compassionate to other creatures, act more responsibly, work as
leaders to bring in desired change and lastly we should not forget about universal love.
Q2. Water covers over 70% of the Earth’s surface and is a very important resource for
people and the environment. Water pollution affects drinking water, rivers, lakes and
oceans all over the world. This consequently harms human health and the natural
Q2a). How do you feel when you find that such an important resource such as water is being
polluted? 1 ½.
Ans2a). I feel quite hurt. I think it is the duty of every human being to respect and conserve such
an important resource as water. We should take initiative to protect our environment as it
ultimately affects our well-being. We should understand that water forms the basis of our
survival and it is our national responsibility to conserve it.
Q2b). What kind of values is needed to check water pollution?
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