CBSE Class 12 Geography Human Nature And Scope

Scroll down to download pdf file

CBSE Class 12 Geography Human Nature And Scope. Students can download these worksheets and practice them. This will help them to get better marks in examinations. Also refer to other worksheets for the same chapter and other subjects too. Use them for better understanding of the subjects.

GIST OF THE LESSON:

Geography is a field - study, an integrative, empirical, scientific and practical discipline, it studies

each and every event on the surface of the earth over the time and space, human geography

studies the relationship between human and nature.

Geography can be studied through law making or descriptive. There are two approaches used

in the study of geography – 1. Systematic approach 2. Regional Approach

DEFINITION OF HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

“Human geography is the synthetic study of relationship between human societies & earth s

surface”. -Ratzel

Synthesis has been emphasized in the above definition.

“Human geography is the study of “the changing relationship between the un-resting man and

the unstable earth.” - Ellen C. Semple

Dynamism in the relationship is the keyword in Semple S definition.

“Conception resulting from a more synthetic knowledge of the physical laws governing our earth

and of the relations between the living beings which inhabit it”. - Paul Vidal de la Blache

NATURE OF HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

Human geography studies the inter relationship between the physical environment and sociocultural

environment created by man. Elements of physical are land, water, soil, climate, flora

& fauna etc. Elements of cultural are transport and communication, settlements, crops etc.

NATURALISATION OF HUMANS

Man interacts with nature with the help of technology. It is not important that what he creates

but with what tools he used to create. Technology indicates the level of cultural development

of society. Understanding the nature helps to create technology. Understanding of friction and

heat helped to discover fire. Understanding DNA helped to eradicate diseases. Laws of

thermodynamics helped to develop fast planes. Knowledge about nature is extremely important

to develop technology and technology loosens the shackles of environment on human being.

The interaction between primitive society and strong forces of nature is called “Environmental

Determinism”.

HUMANISATION OF NATURE

With the development of technology people understood the nature well. They move from state

of necessity to state of possibilities. Human activities created cultural landscapes, so it is called

as possibilism.

 

NEO-DETERMINISM/ STOP AND GO DETERMINISM

1. Introduced by Griffith Taylor in 1920, an Australian Scholar.

2. It is a middle path (madhyam marg) between environmental determinism and possibilism.

The concept shows that neither is there a situation of absolute necessity nor is there a

condition of absolute freedom. Sustainable development is the main aim. The Neo

determinism maintains balance between development and nature.

HUMAN GEOGRAPHY THROUGH THE CORRIDORS OF TIME

SCHOOLS OF HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

 WELFARE SCHOOL

Concerned with social well-being of the people a. housing b. Health c. Education

 RADICAL SCHOOL

Concerned with causes of poverty, deprivation and social and gender inequality

 BEHAVIOURAL SCHOOL

Given importance to lived experience, perception of space by Social categories

One Mark Questions

1. Who proposed the concept of Neo –determinism?

Ans. Griffith Taylor

2. Which sub field of Geography is called Demography?

Ans. Population geography.

3. Which subject is called the mother of all branches of knowledge?

Ans. Geography

 

Three Marks Questions

1. What is Naturalization of Humans?

Ans. 1. Human activities are controlled and governed by Environment.

2. Man is treated as a passive agent .

3. Human adjustment in the environment with the help of available technology.

4. Example of Benda life in Abujhamaad area of central India.

2. What is humanization of Nature?

Ans. Man is treated as an independent and active agent.

Everywhere there are possibilities and man is the master of these possibilities.

Man can transform nature by culture and technological knowledge.

Example of Cari residing in Trondheim (Norway)

3. Distinguish between regional approach and systematic approach of Geography.

Systematic Approach Regional Approach

1. Based on political units 1. Based on geographical units

2. Single element is taken for studies 2. Based on similarities

Such as climate

Five Marks Question

1. Mention three Characteristics of Neo –Determinism.

Ans. Introduced by Griffith Taylor

Reflects the middle path between the ideas of Environmental determinism and possibilism.

Emphasizes in solving the problems without damaging the environment

It believes in the concept of stop and Go Determinism.

Please click the link below to download CBSE Class 12 Geography Human Nature And Scope

Tags: 


Click on the text For more study material for Geography please click here - Geography

Latest CBSE News

  • On Friday, Bihar School Examination Board (BSEB) has announced the board exam date sheet. According to the news, the exam for the matriculation and intermediate schools will be held next year. The board has also announced the date of the exams. According to the circular from the Bihar School Examination Board (BSEB), the matric exams will be held from 21/02/2019 to 28/02/2019, and the...
  • On the one hand, students enjoy a lot while solving the problems on the mathematics subject. On the other hand, some students cry out when they prepare for their exam. Getting a good mark in the mathematics exam is not that difficult but many students didn't recognize it. The biggest problems in mathematics exam which a student normally face during the exam are timing, getting wrong answers in...
  • Every student's dream is to score the good marks in the final board examination as the future of the student will depend on the result of these exams. The Central Board of Secondary Education conducted Board Examinations are only a few months away from now. This period is high time for every student to start their preparation seriously so that they can score well in their final examinations. CBSE...
  • Is your child carrying a heavy school bag daily which causes pain in his shoulders and back ? See the allowed weight limits of school bag below
  • Recently, CBSE has released a notice stating that board exams will begin in the month of February and continue March 2019. The board exams for vocational subjects will take place first and core subjects exam will be held afterwards. In class 10, there are 15 vocational subjects and in class 12, there are 40 subjects of skill education. This year you will very soon get the complete information...
  • Many CBSE students who are all preparing for their Class X exams do not prepare well for the English exams because they always try to focus on the mainstream subjects. When they are on the go for scoring more marks for the main subjects, their performance level and the marks got greatly reduced in English. English is a global language, so it is very important to learn that subject as it can help...
  • The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) board has released a recent notification for the students and parents in which they have declared that the Education Board is already following the regulations based on the RTI rules to charge the money from the candidates in order to get their Photocopies for the answer sheets from the CBSE board. Many media and reporters reported CBSE board has no...