CBSE Class 12 Geography Human Nature And Scope

Scroll down to download pdf file

CBSE Class 12 Geography Human Nature And Scope. Students can download these worksheets and practice them. This will help them to get better marks in examinations. Also refer to other worksheets for the same chapter and other subjects too. Use them for better understanding of the subjects.


Geography is a field - study, an integrative, empirical, scientific and practical discipline, it studies

each and every event on the surface of the earth over the time and space, human geography

studies the relationship between human and nature.

Geography can be studied through law making or descriptive. There are two approaches used

in the study of geography – 1. Systematic approach 2. Regional Approach


“Human geography is the synthetic study of relationship between human societies & earth s

surface”. -Ratzel

Synthesis has been emphasized in the above definition.

“Human geography is the study of “the changing relationship between the un-resting man and

the unstable earth.” - Ellen C. Semple

Dynamism in the relationship is the keyword in Semple S definition.

“Conception resulting from a more synthetic knowledge of the physical laws governing our earth

and of the relations between the living beings which inhabit it”. - Paul Vidal de la Blache


Human geography studies the inter relationship between the physical environment and sociocultural

environment created by man. Elements of physical are land, water, soil, climate, flora

& fauna etc. Elements of cultural are transport and communication, settlements, crops etc.


Man interacts with nature with the help of technology. It is not important that what he creates

but with what tools he used to create. Technology indicates the level of cultural development

of society. Understanding the nature helps to create technology. Understanding of friction and

heat helped to discover fire. Understanding DNA helped to eradicate diseases. Laws of

thermodynamics helped to develop fast planes. Knowledge about nature is extremely important

to develop technology and technology loosens the shackles of environment on human being.

The interaction between primitive society and strong forces of nature is called “Environmental



With the development of technology people understood the nature well. They move from state

of necessity to state of possibilities. Human activities created cultural landscapes, so it is called

as possibilism.



1. Introduced by Griffith Taylor in 1920, an Australian Scholar.

2. It is a middle path (madhyam marg) between environmental determinism and possibilism.

The concept shows that neither is there a situation of absolute necessity nor is there a

condition of absolute freedom. Sustainable development is the main aim. The Neo

determinism maintains balance between development and nature.




Concerned with social well-being of the people a. housing b. Health c. Education


Concerned with causes of poverty, deprivation and social and gender inequality


Given importance to lived experience, perception of space by Social categories

One Mark Questions

1. Who proposed the concept of Neo –determinism?

Ans. Griffith Taylor

2. Which sub field of Geography is called Demography?

Ans. Population geography.

3. Which subject is called the mother of all branches of knowledge?

Ans. Geography


Three Marks Questions

1. What is Naturalization of Humans?

Ans. 1. Human activities are controlled and governed by Environment.

2. Man is treated as a passive agent .

3. Human adjustment in the environment with the help of available technology.

4. Example of Benda life in Abujhamaad area of central India.

2. What is humanization of Nature?

Ans. Man is treated as an independent and active agent.

Everywhere there are possibilities and man is the master of these possibilities.

Man can transform nature by culture and technological knowledge.

Example of Cari residing in Trondheim (Norway)

3. Distinguish between regional approach and systematic approach of Geography.

Systematic Approach Regional Approach

1. Based on political units 1. Based on geographical units

2. Single element is taken for studies 2. Based on similarities

Such as climate

Five Marks Question

1. Mention three Characteristics of Neo –Determinism.

Ans. Introduced by Griffith Taylor

Reflects the middle path between the ideas of Environmental determinism and possibilism.

Emphasizes in solving the problems without damaging the environment

It believes in the concept of stop and Go Determinism.

Please click the link below to download CBSE Class 12 Geography Human Nature And Scope


Click on the text For more study material for Geography please click here - Geography

Latest CBSE News

  • CBSE has issued the following circular regarding celebrating World Environment Day: World Environment Day is celebrated on June 5 every year. This year India is hosting the World Environment Day 2018 at global level in collaboration with UN Environment on the theme “Plastic Pollution" You are, therefore, requested to sensitize students by organizing awareness programmes on environmental...
  • Its expected that CBSE will release the results for class 10and class 12 board exams by end of next week. The results will be declared by many mediums so that students across the country don’t face any issues regarding accessibility to results due to sudden pressure on CBSE results website like previous years. The Central Board of Secondary Education's CBSE Class 12th result 2018 and CBSE Class...
  • CBSE has issued circular explaining the details regarding re evaluation process for class 12 and class 10. Read the details below.. 1. Verification of Marks a)  Request for verification can be submitted only online from website of CBSE along with fee of Rs.500/- per subject as per schedule given in Annexure-I. b)  In case applying from India the requisite fee of Rs.500/- per...
  • For awarding the grades, the Board shall put all the passed students in a rank order and will award grades as follows: · A-1 Top 1/8th of the passed candidates· A-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates· B-1 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates· B-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates· C-1 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates· C-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates· D-1 Next 1/8th of the passed...
  •  The government of Delhi has instructed 575 schools to return excess fees charged from parents with 9% interest. The list of the 575 schools is as under. Also, the notice issued by the govt says " In  continuation of orders dated 22.02.2018, 03.07.2017, 01.07.2016, 15.03.2016, 20.10.2015, 21.10.2014 and 28.02.2013 and in  exercise of the powers conferred under  rule   SO(xviii)  j  Section  24(3...
  • Honourable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi ji said "It is our responsibility to ensure that the right spirit of yoga is conveyed to everyone." To promote wellbeing and awareness about Yoga amongst students, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) through National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is taking multi-dimensional initiative to promote Yoga in curriculum...