CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2017-2018

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CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2017-2018. Download the latest syllabus to do your studies as per the latest guidelines issued by CBSE NCERT. The syllabus, weightage of chapters, blue print of question papers and the design of question papers is issued every year for the benefit of students. Access all syllabus for all subjects here.

23. GEOGRAPHY (Code No. 029)
Geography is introduced as an elective subject at the senior secondary stage. After ten years of general
education, students branch out at the beginning of this stage and are exposed to the rigours of the discipline
for the first time. Being an entry point for the higher education, students choose Geography for pursuing
their academic interest and, therefore, need a broader and deeper understanding of the subject. For others,
geographical knowledge is useful in daily lives because it is a valuable medium for the education of young
people. Its contribution lies in the content, cognitive processes, skills and values that Geography promotes
and thus helps the students explore, understand and evaluate the environmental and social dimensions of
the world in a better manner.
Since Geography explores the relationship between people and their environment, it includes studies of
physical and human environments and their interactions at different scales-local, state/region, nation and
the world. The fundamental principles responsible for the varieties in the distributional pattern of physical
and human features and phenomena over the earth's surface need to be understood properly. Application of
these principles would be taken up through selected case studies from the world and India. Thus, the
physical and human environment of India and study of some issues from a geographical point of view will be
covered in greater detail. Students will be exposed to different methods used in geographical investigations.
The course in Geography will help learners to:
 Familiarise with key concepts, terminology and core principles of Geography.
 Describe locations and correlate with Geographical Perspectives.
 List/describe what students might see, hear, smell, at a place.
 List/describe ways a place is linked with other places.
 Compare conditions and connections in one place to another.
 Analyze/describe how conditions in one place can affect nearby places.
 Identify regions as places that are similar or connected.
 Describe and interpret the spatial pattern features on a thematic map.
 Search for, recognize and understand the processes and patterns of the spatial arrangement of the
natural features as well as human aspects and phenomena on the earth's surface.
 Understand and analyse the inter-relationship between physical and human environments and utilise
such knowledge in reflecting on issues related to community.
 Apply geographical knowledge and methods of inquiry to emerging situations or problems at different
levels-local, regional, national and global.
 Develop geographical skills, relating to collection, processing and analysis of spatial data/ information
and preparation of report including maps and graphs and use of computers where ever possible; and to
be sensitive to issues.
CLASS XI (2017-18)
One Theory Paper 70 Marks 3 Hours
Part A Fundamentals of Physical Geography 35 Marks
Unit-1: Geography as a discipline 30
Unit-2: The Earth
Unit-3: Landforms
Unit-4: Climate
Unit-5: Water (Oceans)
Unit-6: Life on the Earth
Map and diagram 5
Part B India-Physical Environment 35 Marks
Unit-7: Introduction 30
Unit-8: Physiography
Unit-9: Climate, vegetation and soil
Unit-10: Natural hazards and Disasters
Map and Diagram 5
Part C Practical Work 30 Marks
Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps 10 Marks
Unit-2: Topographic and Weather Maps 15 Marks
Practical Record Book and Viva 5 Marks
Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography 87 Periods
Unit-1: Geography as a Discipline 04 Periods
 Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes.
 Branches of Geography; Physical Geography and Human Geography.
 Scope and Career Options
Unit-2: The Earth 11 Periods
 Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth.
 Wegener's continental drift theory and plate tectonics.
 Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects.
Unit-3: Landforms 20 Periods
 Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics.
 Geomorphic processes: weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition; soil-formation.
 Landforms and their evolution.
Unit 4: Climate 30 Periods
 Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate.
 Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of
atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperature- factors
controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of
 Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and
extratropical cyclones.
 Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and
world distribution.
 World climates-classification Koeppen, Differences in parameter between koeppen &
Thornthwaite, Global warming and climatic changes.
 Climate and Global Concerns.
Unit 5: Water (Oceans) 10 Periods
 Basics of Oceanography
 Oceans - distribution of temperature and salinity.
 Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs.
 Ocean resources and pollution.
Unit 6: Life on the Earth 07 Periods
 Biosphere - importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance.
Map work on identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on the outline/Physical/Political map of the
world. 05 Periods
Part – B: India - Physical Environment 78 Periods
Unit-7: Introduction 04 Periods
 Location, space relations, India's place in the world.
Unit-8: Physiography 28 Periods
 Structure and Relief; Physiographic Divisions.
 Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, Watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers.
Unit-9: Climate, Vegetation and Soil 28 Periods
 Weather and climate - spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls: spatial and temporal; use of weather charts; Climatic types (Koeppen).
 Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves.

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