Click below for Class 11 geography worksheets, assignments, syllabus, ncert cbse books, ncert solutions, multiple choice questions (mcqs), easy to learn concepts and study notes and other study material
CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus and Examination Structure
Topic or Chapter
Fundamentals of Physical Geography
Geography as a discipline
Water (Oceans) - OTBA
Life on the Earth
Map and Diagram
India - Physical Environment
Climate, vegetation and soil
Natural hazards and Disasters
Map and Diagram
Fundamentals of Maps
Topographic and Weather Maps
Practical Record Book and Viva
Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography
Unit-1: Geography as a Discipline
- Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes.
- Branches of Geography; Physical Geography and Human Geography.
- Scope and Career Options
Unit-2: The Earth
- Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth.
- Wegener's continental drift theory and plate tectonics.
- Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects.
- Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics.
- Landforms and their evolution.
- Geomorphic processes: weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition; soil-formation.
Unit 4: Climate
- Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate.
- Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperature- factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature.
- Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extratropical cyclones.
- Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution.
- World climates-classification (Koeppen and Thornthwaite), Global warming and climatic changes.
- Climate and Global Concerns.
Unit 5: Hydrosphere
- Basics of Oceanography
- Oceans - distribution of temperature and salinity.
- Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs.
- Ocean resources and pollution.
Unit 6: Biosphere
- Biosphere - importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance.
Map work on identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on the outline/Physical/Political map of the world.
Part - B: India - Physical Environment
- Location, space relations, India's place in the world.
- Structure and Relief; Physiographic Divisions.
- Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, Watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers.
Unit-9: Climate, Vegetation and Soil
- Weather and climate - spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls: spatial and temporal; use of weather charts; Climatic types (Koeppen).
- Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves.
- Soils - major types (ICAR's classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation.
Unit-10: Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management
- Floods, Cloudbursts
- Droughts: types and impact
- Earthquakes and Tsunami
- Cyclones: features and impact
Map Work of features based on above units for locating and labelling on the Outline/Political/Physical map of India.
Part - C: Practical Work
Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps
- Geo spatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix; Point, line, area data.
- Maps - types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols.
- Map projection - Latitude, longitude and time, typology, construction and properties of projection: Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator's projection. (only two projections)
Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps
- Study of topographic maps (1:50,000 or 1:25,000 Survey of India maps); contour cross section and identification of landforms-slopes, hills, valleys, waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements.
- Aerial Photographs: Types and Geometry-vertical aerial photographs; difference between maps and aerial photographs; photo scale determination. Identification of physical and cultural features.
- Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data-acquisition, platform and sensors and data products, (photographic and digital).
- Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, rain gauge.
Latest CBSE News
- Mobile phones, laptops, iPods, tablets, you name a gadget and it is available for use in today's technologically advanced era. Technology and these gadgets have become quite an integral part of our lives so to say. Every day a new gadget is being introduced and humans are getting more and more dependent on technology for their day to day needs. There is probably not a single activity left in the...
- Relying on the reference books will be completely pointless just before exams. The best medium of scoring good marks in the CBSE 10th boards exams is the NCERT books. This statement was given by a student Hrithika Meena, of St. Xavier’s school of the Nevata area in Jaipur. Being a top scorer Hrithika advises all the students, instead of mugging up the students should understand the context and...
- Mr. TS Grewal can rightly be called the saviour for all students of commerce today. He was an eminent personality when it comes to subjects of Commerce and Management. He was not just an educationist but also a humanist who greatly inspired all those who were in touch with him. He had certain values, principles and the way of life he followed serves as a guiding light for many of us today. He...
- Each one of you must have had this dilemma at least once in your lives. What time of the day is the best one to study? And if you have had this dilemma, then you most certainly would have had debates on it. Whether with your friends, your teachers or your parents. In this article, we try to clear up some ideas behind what studying time is the best for a student and what the benefits are. The time...
- There are just a few days left for the 12th and 10th Boards exams of CBSE to begin. Keeping this in mind, following are some tips, hacks, and advice from learned people and toppers about how you can study last minute to further enhance your performance. Your performance in the exams depends greatly on your effort throughout the year. Hard work is the key to success and since you surely would have...
- NCERT i.e. National Council of Education Research and Training syllabus would be brought in the fresh academic year of class X and class XII in the Urdu and Hindi medium schools of Gujarat. This is a big and very welcoming step by the Gujarat State Board of Education. Download Urdu notes for class 10 Revealing those, on Saturday the officials told that the board has declared the welcoming of...
- The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducts the board exam for class 12th every year. Students belonging to the Humanities category face a lot of problems to prepare for Economics. As you know Economics is one of the important subjects for the students who belong to the Humanities category. According to Studies Today, students shouldn’t start multiple sections at a time. They shouldn...