CBSE Class 12 English Unseen Passage J

CBSE Class 12 English Unseen Passage J. Students should do unseen passages for class 12 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers.

Read the passage below:         

For many years now the Governments have been promising the eradication of child labour in hazardous industries in India. But the truth is that despite all the rhetoric no Government so far has succeeded in eradicating this evil, nor has any been able to ensure compulsory primary education for every Indian child. Between 60 and 100 million children are still at work instead of going to school, and around 10 million are working in hazardous industries. India has the biggest child population of 380 million in the world ; plus the largest number of children who are forced to earn a living.

We have many laws that ban child labour in hazardous industries. According to the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986, the employment of children below the age of 14 in hazardous occupations has been strictly banned. But each state has different rules regarding the minimum age of employment. This makes implementation of these laws difficult.

Also, there is no ban on child labour in non-hazardous occupations. The act applies to the organised and factory sector and not the unorganised or informal sector where most children find employment as cleaners, servants, porters, waiters among other forms of unskilled work. Thus, child labour continues because the implementation of the existing law is lax.

There are industries, which have a special demand for child labour because of their nimble fingers, high level of concentration and capacity to work hard at abysmally low wages. The carpet industry in U.P. and Kashmir employs children to make hand-knotted carpets. There are 80,000 child workers in Jammu & Kashmir alone. In Kashmir because of the political unrest, children are forced to work while many schools are shut. Industries like gem cutting and polishing, pottery and glass want to remain competitive by employing children.

The truth is that it is poverty which is pushing children into the brutish labour market. We have 260 million people below the poverty line in India, a large number of them are women. Poor and especially woman-headed families, have no option but to push their little ones in this hard life in hostile conditions, with no human or labour rights.

There is a lobby which argues that there is nothing wrong with children working as long as the environment for work is conducive to learning new skills, but studies have shown that the children are made to do boring, repetitive and tedious jobs and are not taught new skills as they grow older. In these hell-holes like the sweet shops of the old, there is no hope.

Children working in hazardous industries are prone to debilitating diseases which can cripple them for life. By sitting in cramped, damp and unhygienic spaces, their limbs become deformed for life. Inside matchstick, fireworks and glass industries they are victims of bronchial diseases and T.B. Their mental and physical development is permanently impaired by long hours of work. Once trapped, they can't get out of this vicious circle of poverty. They remain uneducated and powerless. Finally, in later years, they too are compelled to send their own children to work. Child labour perpetuates its own nightmare.

If at all the Government was serious about granting children their rights, an intensive effort ought to have been made to implement the Supreme Court's Directive of 1997 which laid down punitive action against employers of child labour. Only compulsory primary education can eliminate child labour.

Surely, if 380 million children are given a better life and elementary education, India's human capital would be greatly enhanced. But that needs, as former President Abdul Kalam says, "a Second Vision".

I.Read the passage carefully and choose the most appropriate option from those which are given below: 

1.India has the biggest child population of around:

a) 280 million in the world

b) 380 million in the world

c) 180 million in the world

d) 480 million in the world 

2.The employment of children below the age of _____ in hazardous occupations has been strictly banned:

a) 16

b) 12

c) 10

d) 14 

3.Industries have special demand of child labour because of:

a) High level of concentration

b) Low level of concentration

c) No concentration

d) Incapacity to work hard 

II.(a) Answer the following questions briefly: 

1.Which Act has been made by government to eradicate child labour?

2.How do the children get affected by working in hazardous industries?

3.It is poverty which is pushing children into the ___________ .

4.Only compulsory primary education can __________ . 

(b) Fill in the blanks with one word only: 

Inside (a) _______, fireworks and glass industries they are victims of (b) ______ diseases and (c) ______Their mental and (d) ______ development is permanently impaired by long hours of work. 

III.Pick out the words from the passage which mean the same as the following: 

1.Make disabled (para 6)

2.Difficult (para 7) 

Suggested Answers for the above mentioned question:

I.(b) 380 million in the world

(d) 14

(a) high level of concentration     

II.(a) 1. According to the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986, the employment of children below the age of 14 in hazardous occupations has been strictly banned. 

2.Children working in hazardous industries are prone to debilitating diseases which can cripple them for life. By sitting in cramped, damp and unhygienic spaces, their limbs become deformed for life.                  

3.brutish labour market. 

4.eliminate child labour. 

(b) (a) matchstick

(b) bronchial

(c) T.B.

(d) physical 

III.(a) Cripple

(b) Tedious 

 


Click for more English Study Material

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

Board Exams helpline by CBSE

According to the recent announcement of CBSE, the pending Class 10 and 12 Board exams are going to be held from 01 July to 15 July 2020 in India. Along with this, it has also been decided to resume the free of cost tele-counseling service for students from 9.30 am to 5...

Board Exams Class 10 and 12 Notification by CBSE

Because of the prevailing condition of spread of COVID-19 pandemic in the country, special efforts are required for conducting examinations in a safe manner. As a number of students have shifted from the district of their school to some other district in the country,...

Re verification of Class 10 Board Exams Marks

Modalities and Schedule for Secondary School (Class X) Examinations, 2020 in the subjects whose examinations have been conducted by CBSE for the processes of (I) Verification of Marks (II) Obtaining Photocopy of the Evaluated Answer Book(s) (Ill) Re-evaluation of Marks...

Training Programme on the Alternative Academic Calendar

In view of the extraordinary situation prevailing in the world due to COVID-19 pandemic, the CBSE Board had announced the ‘Revised Academic Curriculum for classes 9- 12 for the session 2020-21’. The reduced topics will not be part of the internal assessment or for the...

Internal Assessments and CBSE Reduced Syllabus

CBSE on 7th July 2020 had announced the ‘Revised Academic Curriculum for classes IX-XII for the session 2020-21’ to mitigate the effect of face to face learning loss due to the closure of schools to contain COVID-19 Pandemic. The rationalization of syllabus up to 30% ...

CBSE Reduced Syllabus Clarification

CBSE board has issued the following clarification relating to various news reports regarding reduction in syllabus and questions from the reduced syllabus during board exams. Please read below: It has come to notice of the Board through a section of media reports that...

×
Studies Today