CBSE Class 12 English Unseen Passage E. Students should do unseen passages for class 12 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers.
Read the passage below:-
In the democratic countries, intelligence is still free to ask whatever question it chooses. This freedom, it is almost certain, will not survive another war. Educationists should therefore, do all they can while there is yet time to build up in the mind of their charges, a habit of resistance to suggestion. If such resistance is not built up, the men and women of the next generation will be at the mercy of that skillful propagandist who contrives to seize the instruments of information and persuasion. Resistance to suggestion can be built up in two ways. First, children can be taught to rely on their own internal resources and not to depend on incessant stimulation from without. This is doubly important Reliance on external stimulation is bad for the character.
Moreover, such stimulation is the stuff with which propagandists bait there books, the jam in which dictators counsel their ideological pills. An individual who relies on external simulation there by exposes himself to the full force of whatever propaganda is being made in his neighbourhood. For majority of people in the west, purposeless reading, purposeless listening to radios, purposeless looking at films have become addiction, psychological equivalents of alcoholism and morphinism. Things have come to such a pitch that there are many millions of men and women who suffer real distress if they are cut-off for a few days or even a few hours from newspapers, radio and music or movie pictures. Like an addict to a drug, they have to indulge their vice not because their indulgence gives them any real pleasure but because, unless they indulge they feel painful, subnormal and incomplete. Even by intelligent people, it is now taken for granted that such psychological addictions are inevitable and even desirable, that there is nothing to be alarmed at in the fact that the majority of civilized men and women are now incapable of living on their own spiritual.
How can children be taught to rely upon their own spiritual resources and resist the temptation to become reading addicts, hearing addicts, seeing addicts? First of all they can be taught how to entertain themselves, by making things themselves, by playing musical instruments, by purposeful study, by scientific observation and by the practice of some art and so on. But such education of the hand and the intellect is not enough. Psychology has its Gresham's law, it is: that bad money that drives out the good. Most people tend to perform the actions that require less efforts, to think the thought that are easiest to fill, the emotions that are most vulgarly commonplace, to give rein to the desires that are most nearly animal. And they will tend to do this even if they possess the knowledge and skill to do otherwise. Along with the necessary knowledge and skill must be given the will to use them even under the pressure of incessant temptation to take the line of least resistance and become an addict to psychological drugs. Most people will not wish to resist these temptations unless they have a coherent philosophy of life, which makes it reasonable and right for them to do so. The other method of heightening resistance to suggestion is purely intellectual and consists in training young people to subject the diverse devices of the propagandists to critical analysis. The first thing that educators must do is to analyze the words currently used in newspapers, on platforms by preachers and broadcasters. Their critical analysis and constructive criticism should reach out to the children and the youth, with such clarity that they learn to react to forceful suggestions the right way at the right time.
What, for example, does the word 'nation' mean? To what extent are speakers and writers justified in talking of a nation as a person? In what sense can a nation be described as having a will or national interest? Are these interests and will, the interests and will of the entire population? Is it not only advisable but also essential to think in terms of all the above details so that meaningful progress is promoted, thus making democracy thrive better?
I.Read the passage carefully and choose the most appropriate option from those which are given below:
1.Reliance on external stimulation is:
(a) good for the character
(b) bad for the character
(c) swift for the character
(d)clumsy for the character
2.For the majority of people what has become addiction:
(a) purposeless reading
(b) purposeless listening to radio
(c) purposeless looking at films
(d) all of these
3.Majority of civilized men and women have become exactly dependent on:
(a) newspapers, radios and films
(b) external sources of entertainment
(c) constant stimulation from without
(d) their own spiritual resources
II.(a) Answer the following questions briefly:
1.What is the first thing that educator must do?
2.What should be done by educationalist?
3.Children can be taught to rely on _________ .
4.They will tend to do this even if they possess the________ .
(b) Fill in the blanks with one word only:
Critical analysis and (a) _________ criticism should reach out to the (b) ______ and the (c) ___________, with such clarity that they learn to react to (d) _________ suggestions the right way at the right time.
III. Find words from the passage which mean the following:
(a) allurement (para 1)
(b) addiction (para 1)
Suggested answers for the above questions:
I.1. (b) bad for the character
2.(d) all of these
3.(c) constant stimulation from without
II.(a) 1. First thing that educators must do is to analyze the words currently used in newspapers, on platforms by preachers and broadcasters.
2.Educationists should therefore, do all they can while there is yet time to build up in the mind of their charges, a habit of resistance to suggestion.
3.their own internal resources.
4.knowledge and skill to do otherwise.
(b) (a) constructive
III. (a) Temptation