CBSE Class 11 English Unseen Passage J. Students should do unseen passages for class 11 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers.
The Aravali Range is affected from human activities like stone crushing, cutting of trees in forest area of Aravali, construction on large scale, mining, dispense and dumping of waste. Such activities affect the environment, of Aravali and its surrounding areas environment. Some of the famous lakes like Badkhal lake, Dhauj Jheel, Surajkund Lake, Damdama Lake on the Aravali range had gone dry in last five years because of illegal mining and change of pattern in the natural draining system. These lakes are dumped with waste material which affected ground water flow. Drying of these lakes also indicates that in future ground water will be not available in this area if the relevant steps for recovery are not taken.
The mindless mining in one of the oldest hills in the world has devastated the range. In several places, the miners have gone so deep that the water table has been exposed, forming lakes amidst the blasted ranges. The Rajasamand Lake in Udaipur, which always had water dried up recently.
In May 2009, after months of media and public protests, along with several environmental groups, the Supreme Court banned mining in an area of 448 square km, across Faridabad, Gurgaon and Mewat districts in Haryana that was once supposed to be set aside for a national park. This comes after SC's earlier judgment in 1994 that allowed limited mining on the basis of the sustainable development principle and under strict guidelines, which were violated by local miners as the court ruled.
The Supreme Court on February 20, 2010 directed cancellation of 157 mining leases operating in Rajasthan's eco-sensitive Aravali Hills and asked the Forest Survey of India to carry out satellite imagery of the entire 50,000 sq km range spread across 15 districts of the State to assess the extent of ecological damage. Giving four months time to the FSI to complcte the task, the Special Bench of Chief Justice K.G. Balakrishnan, Justices S.H. Kapadia and Aftab Alam directed all mines in the area to stop operation till then.
The direction follows an earlier order passed by the Supreme Court in May 2009 freezing all mining activities along the Aravali Range situated in Haryana.
1.1 On the basis of reading the above passage answer the following questions:-
1.How is the Aravali Range affected?
2.Which activities are harmful to the Aravali Hills?
3.Why have some of the lakes on the Aravali range gone dry?
4.What does the dryness of these lakes indicate?
5.When was mining banned across Faridabad, Gurgaon and Mewat districts in Haryana?
1.2 Find the meaning of the following words and phrases from the passage:-
(i) influenced (para 1)
(ii) not covered (para 2)
(iii) assumed (para 3)
(iv) visually descriptive (para 4)
Suggested answers for the above passage:
1.The Aravali range is affected from human activities like stone-crushing, cutting of trees, large scale construction, mining and dispense and dumping of waste.
2.Activities like stone crushing, cutting trees, construction, mining and dispensing and dumping of waste are harmful.
3.Some of the lakes on the Aravali range have gone dry because of the illegal mining and the change of pattern in the natural drainage system.
4.The dryness of these lakes indicates that in future ground water won't be available in this area if the relevant steps for recovery are not taken.
5.Mining across Faridabad, Gurgaon and Mewat districts in Haryana was banned in May 2009.