Read CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage D below, students should read unseen passage for class 10 English available on Studiestoday.com with solved questions and answers. These topic wise unseen comprehension for class 10 English with answers have been prepared by English teacher of Grade 10. These short passages have been designed as per the latest syllabus for class 10 English and if practiced thoroughly can help you to score good marks in standard 10 English class tests and examinations
CBSE Class 10 English Unseen Passage D. Students should do unseen passages for class 10 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers.
Read the Following Carefully:
In 1995, the then World Bank vice president, Ismail Sera gelding said, “If the wars of this century were fought over oil, the wars of the next century will be fought over water.”
With World Water Day being celebrated on March 22 every year, it is deeply disturbing to realise that with each passing day our deepest worry is the future of the planets fresh water supply. Imagine taking shorter showers, shallower baths and using minimum water for washing, cooking, cleaning and gardening.
Only three per cent of the world’s water is fresh water. The remaining 97 per cent is too brackish for humans and most animals to use. The situation in Chennai should serve as a glaring example of how grave the problem of water shortage is in our country.
Rainwater harvesting and water recycling are two solution which should be seriously looked at and if found feasible, actively implemented. Speaking on rainwater harvesting, Mr. Rudolf D’Souza of EFIE explains, “Rainwater is the purest form of water (apart from distillation). Mumbai is blessed with abundant rainfall spread over a reasonable period. We get a lot of rain, but yet we do not have water, because we allow almost all of it flow into the sea. It will not matter how much rainfall we get if we do not utilised this resource. So we need to look at this free source of pure water differently.”
Rainwater harvesting begins with a simple idea. Rain gutters are already collecting the water that falls on your roof. To harvest that water all that is needed is to change the direction of the flow so that instead of running onto the ground, the water flows into a storage tank.
The quality of the water itself makes the investment worthwhile. Rainwater typically has very low hardness levels, which reduces the use of soap and detergents and eliminates the need for the water softener. Stored rainwater also is a good standby in times of emergencies such as power outages or during periods of extreme drought. “And because it does not have to be treated, pumped or distributed through a complex network, rainwater harvesting saves energy and the use of chemicals”, explained Rudolf. Many State Governments have already made rainwater harvesting mandatory for all new buildings.
Speaking on the current problem Rudolf adds, “we actually need to make a habit of conservation. Only 20 per cent of the piped water is used for drinking, cooking and bathing, where that quality water is required; and 80 per cent is wasted – like in flushing the toilet / gardening / washing the car and so on. How many people collect water discharged from the washing machine and use it for flushing? You can save 100 litres of water that way. Simple things like fixing leaking taps, using adjustable short flushing systems can conserve water.
EFIE aims to highlight the message that today water resources are scant and hence safeguarding measures are needed. If each person consciously saved two litres of water a day – we could save millions of litres of water every day.
1.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions:
1.Why does Ismail Seragelding fear that the next world war might be fought over water? How can it be averted?
2.How will shortage of water in future affect our daily life?
3.Why does Mumbai not have enough water in spite of getting a lot of rain? What suggestions does the author offer to confront water shortage in the city?
4.What ‘simple idea’ does the author refer to in paragraph 5 of the passage?
5.Why does investing in rainwater harvesting make sense?
1.2 Complete any two of the following statements briefly:
1.The situation in Chennai indicates …………………
2.Two solutions to the problem of water shortage are ……………. and …………………
3.People can save at least 100 litres of water by ………………
1.3 Find words/phrases in the passage that mean the same as the following. Attempt any two:
1.Noticeable; obvious (paragraph 2-3)
2.Salty to taste (paragraph 2-3)
3.Plentiful (paragraph 4-5)
1.1Suggested answers for the above given questions:
1.Is mail Seragelding fears that the next world war might be fought over water because with each passing day, deepest worry in the future of the earth is planets fresh water. Fresh water is only 3% of world’s water.
Shortage of water in future affect our daily life as it will lead to shorter showers, shallow and using minimum water of washing, cooking cleaning and gardening.
Mumbai have blessed with abundant rainfall, till does not have enough water because people allow almost all of the rain to flow into the sea. Rainwater harvesting and water recycling are two suggestion offered to confront water storage in the city.
‘Simple idea” means rainwater harvesting is a simple and easy process. To harvest the water all that is needed is to change the direction of flow so instead of running unto the ground. The water flows into a storage tank.
Investing in rainwater harvesting makes sense because rainwater has low hardness level. Stored rain water is a good standby in the times of emergencies such as power outages or during the periods of extreme drought.
1.2 Suggested answers for the above given questions:
1.How grave the problem of water shortage is there in our country.
2.Water harvesting and water recycle.
3.Collecting the water discharged from washing machine and use it for flushing.
1.3 Suggested answer for the above given questions:
1.Noticeable; obvious means glaring.
2.Salty to taste means Brackish.
3.Plentiful means abundant.
More Class 10 English Unseen Passage
How you can best improve your English depends on where you live and particularly on whether or not you live in an English speaking community. If you hear English spoken every day and mix freely with English speaking people, that is on the whole an advantage. On the other hand, it is often confusing to have the whole language, poured over you at once. Ideally, a step-by-step course should accompany this experience. It will also help a great deal if you can easily get the sort of English books in which you are interested.
To read a lot is essential. It is stupid not to venture outside the examination ‘set books’ or the textbooks you have chosen for intensive study. Read as many books in English as you can, not as a duty but for pleasure.
Do not choose the most difficult books you find, with the idea of listing and learning as many new words as possible : choose what is likely to interest you and be sure in advance that it is not too hard. You should not have to be constantly looking up new words in the dictionary, for that deadens interest and checks real learning. Look up a word here and there, but as a general policy try to push ahead, guessing what words mean from the context. It is extensive and not intensive reading that normally helps you to get interested in extra reading and thereby improve your English. You should enjoy the feeling which extensive reading gives of having some command of the language. As you read, you will become more and more familiar with words and sentence patterns you already know, understanding them better and better as you meet them in more and more contexts, some of which may differ only slightly from others.
Some people say that we cannot learn to speak a language better with the help of a book. To believe this is to believe that the spoken language and the written language are quite different things. This is not so. There is a very great deal in common between the two. In learning the patterns and vocabulary of the written form, we are learning to a considerable extent those of the spoken form too. We are, in fact, learning the language and not merely one form of the language.
Read the passage and answer the following questions :
Ques.a. What advantage does the author talk about in the first paragraph?
Ans.a. The author writes about the advantages people living in an English speaking community derive. According to the author, it is beneficial if we hear English being spoken around us every day and mix freely with English speaking people.
Ques.b. Why is it essential to read books?
Ans.b. It is essential to read books because reading introduces us to real learning. We learn new words and sentence patterns of the language, thus gaining command over it. Reading outside our examinations 'set books’ also gives us joy.
Ques.c. Which form of reading may improve your English?
Ans.c. Extensive reading is the form of reading that builds up our interest. It improves our English and lets us rejoice the hold we gain over the language with time.
Ques.d. Can we learn to speak a language from a book?
Ans.d. Yes, we can learn to speak a language from a book. It is because the patterns and vocabulary a book teaches about the written form of the language are similar to the ones used in the spoken form.
Ques.e. Which word in paragraph 3 means 'notably large or significant'?
Ques.f. Find the antonym of the word 'essential'?
Ques.g. Why one should not choose to read difficult books?
Ans.g. One should not choose to read a difficult book as in doing so you would keep on looking for the meanings of difficult words
Ques.h. On what two things how best can you improve your English depends?
Ans.h. It depends on where you live and whether or not your live in an English speaking community.