CBSE Class 9 Mathematics Latest Syllabus for 2015

Scroll down for PDF

Maths Course Structure - Class IX

 

UNITS

 

MARKS

I

NUMBER SYSTEMS

06

II

ALGEBRA

20

III

COORDINATE GEOMETRY

06

IV

GEOMETRY

22

V

MENSURATION

14

VI

STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY

12

 

TOTAL

80

 

UNIT I : NUMBER SYSTEMS

(20) Periods

 

1. REAL NUMBERS

 

 

Review of representation of natural numbers, integers, rational numbers on the number line. Representation of terminating / non-terminating recurring decimals, on the number line through successive magnification. Rational numbers as recurring/terminating decimals.

 

 

Examples of nonrecurring / non terminating decimals such as v2, v3, v5 etc. Existence of non-rational numbers (irrational numbers) such as v2, v3 and their representation on the number line.

 

 

Explaining that every real number is represented by a unique point on the number line and conversely, every point on the number line represents a unique real number.

 

 

Existence of vx for a given positive real number x (visual proof to be emphasized).

 

 

Definition of nth root of a real number.

 

 

Recall of laws of exponents with integral powers. Rational exponents with positive real bases (to be done by particular cases, allowing learner to arrive at the general laws.)

 

 

Rationalization (with precise meaning) of real numbers of the type (& their combinations)where x and y are natural number and a, b are integers.

 

 

 

 

 

UNIT II : ALGEBRA

 

 

1. POLYNOMIALS

(25) Periods

 

Definition of a polynomial in one variable, its coefficients, with examples and counter examples, its terms, zero polynomial. Degree of a polynomial. Constant, linear, quadratic, cubic polynomials; monomials, binomials, trinomials. Factors and multiples. Zeros/roots of a polynomial / equation. State and motivate the Remainder Theorem with examples and analogy to integers. Statement and proof of the Factor Theorem. Factorization

 

 

of ax2 + bx + c, a1 0 where a, b, c are real numbers, and of cubic polynomials using the Factor Theorem.

 

 

Recall of algebraic expressions and identities. Further identities of the type (x + y + z)2 = x2 + y2 + z2 + 2xy + 2yz + 2zx, (x y)3 = x3 y3 3xy (x y).

 

 

x3 + y3 + z3 - 3xyz = (x + y + z) (x2 + y2 + z2-xy - yz - zx) and their use in factorization of. polymonials. Simple
expressions reducible to these polynomials.

 

 

2.LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES

(12) Periods

 

Recall of linear equations in one variable. Introduction to the equation in two variables. Prove that a linear equation in two variables has infinitely many solutions and justify their being written as ordered pairs of real numbers, plotting them and showing that they seem to lie on a line. Examples, problems from real life, including problems on Ratio and Proportion and with algebraic and graphical solutions being done simultaneously.

 

 

UNIT III : COORDINATE GEOMETRY

 

 

1.COORDINATE GEOMETRY

(9) Periods

 

The Cartesian plane, coordinates of a point, names and terms associated with the coordinate
plane, notations, plotting points in the plane, graph of linear equations as examples; focus on linear equations of the type ax + by + c = 0 by writing it as y = mx + c and linking with the chapter on linear equations in two variables.

 

 

UNIT IV : GEOMETRY

 

 

1. INTRODUCTION TO EUCLID'S GEOMETRY

(6) Periods

 

History - Euclid and geometry in India. Euclid's method of formalizing observed phenomenon into
rigorous mathematics with definitions, common/obvious notions, axioms/postulates
and theorems. The five postulates of Euclid. Equivalent versions of the fifth
postulate. Showing the relationship between axiom and theorem.

 

 

1. Given two distinct points, there exists one and only one line through them.

 

 

2. (Prove) two distinct lines cannot have more than one point in common.

 

 

2. LINES AND ANGLES

(10) Periods

 

1. (Motivate) If a ray stands on a line, then the sum of the two adjacent angles so formed is 180o and the converse.

 

 

2. (Prove) If two lines intersect, the vertically opposite angles are equal.

 

 

3. (Motivate) Results on corresponding angles, alternate angles, interior angles when a transversal intersects two parallel lines.

 

 

4. (Motivate) Lines, which are parallel to a given line, are parallel.

 

 

5. (Prove) The sum of the angles of a triangle is 180o.

 

 

6. (Motivate) If a side of a triangle is produced, the exterior angle so formed is equal to the sum of the two interiors opposite angles.

 

 

3. TRIANGLES

(20) Periods

 

1. (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if any two sides and the included angle of one triangle is equal to any two sides and the included angle of the other triangle (SAS Congruence).

 

 

2. (Prove) Two triangles are congruent if any two angles and the included side of one triangle is equal to any two angles and the included side of the other triangle (ASA Congruence).

 

 

3. (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if the three sides of one triangle are equal to three sides of the other triangle (SSS Congruene).

 

 

4. (Motivate) Two right triangles are congruent if the hypotenuse and a side of one triangle are equal (respectively) to the hypotenuse and a side of the other triangle.

 

 

5. (Prove) The angles opposite to equal sides of a triangle are equal.

 

 

6. (Motivate) The sides opposite to equal angles of a triangle are equal.

 

 

7. (Motivate) Triangle inequalities and relation between 'angle and facing side' inequalities in triangles.

 

 

4. QUADRILATERALS

(10) Periods

 

1. (Prove) The diagonal divides a parallelogram into two congruent triangles.

 

 

2. (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite sides are equal, and conversely.

 

 

3. (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite angles are equal, and conversely.

 

 

4. (Motivate) A quadrilateral is a parallelogram if a pair of its opposite sides is parallel and equal.

 

 

5. (Motivate) In a parallelogram, the diagonals bisect each other and conversely.

 

 

6. (Motivate) In a triangle, the line segment joining the mid points of any two sides is parallel to the third side and (motivate) its converse.

 

 

5. AREA

 

 

Review concept of area, recall area of a rectangle.

 

 

1. (Prove) Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels have the same area.

 

 

2. (Motivate) Triangles on the same base and between the same parallels are equal in area and its converse.

 

 

6. CIRCLES

(15) Periods

 

Through examples, arrive at definitions of circle related concepts, radius, circumference, diameter, chord, arc, subtended angle.

 

 

1. (Prove) Equal chords of a circle subtend equal angles at the center and (motivate) its converse.

 

 

2. (Motivate) The perpendicular from the center of a circle to a chord bisects the chord and conversely, the line drawn through the center of a circle to bisect a chord is perpendicular to the chord.

 

 

3. (Motivate) There is one and only one circle passing through three given non-collinear points.

 

 

4. (Motivate) Equal chords of a circle (or of congruent circles) are equidistant from the center(s) and conversely.

 

 

5. (Prove) The angle subtended by an arc at the center is double the angle subtended by it at any point on the remaining part of the circle.

 

 

6. (Motivate) Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal.

 

 

7. (Motivate) If a line segment joining two points subtendes equal angle at two other points lying on the same side of the line containing the segment, the four points lie on a circle.

 

 

8. (Motivate) The sum of the either pair of the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180o and its converse

 

 

7. CONSTRUCTIONS

(10) Periods

 

1. Construction of bisectors of line segments & angles, 60o, 90o, 45o angles etc., equilateral triangles.

 

 

2. Construction of a trangle given its base, sum/difference of the other two sides and one base angle.

 

 

3. Construction of a triangle of given perimeter and base angles.

 

 

UNIT V :MENSURATION

 

 

1.AREAS

(4) Periods

 

Area of a triangle using Heros formula(without proof) and its application in finding the area of a quadrilateral

 

 

2.SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES

(10) Periods

 

Surface areas and volumes of cubes, cuboids, spheres)including hemispheres) and right circular and right circular cylinders/cones.

 

 

UNIT VI : STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY

 

 

1.STATISTICS

(13) Periods

 

Introduction to statistics: Collection of data, Presentation of data- tabular form, ungrouped / grouped, bar graphs, histograms(with varying base lengths), frequency polygons,
qualitative analysis of data to choose the correct form of presentation for the
collected data. Mean, median, mode of ungrouped data.

 

 

2.PROBABILITY

(12) Periods

 

History, Repeated experiments and observed frequency approach to probability. Focus is on empirical probability.(A large amount of time to be developed to group and to individual activities to motivate the concept; the experiment to be drawn from real - life situations, and from example used in the chapter on statistics).

 

 

 

 

 

INTERNAL ASSESSMENT

20 MARKS

Evaluation of activities

10 Marks

Project Work

05 Marks

Continuous Evaluation

05 Marks

 

Tags: 

Click on the text For more study material for Class IX please click here - Class IX

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

CBSE schools to participate in National Assessment

CBSE schools to participate in National Assessment for Scientific Temperament and Aptitude According to the latest reports, CBSE has asked all its affiliated schools to encourage and motivate the students to participate in a national assessment programme which is...

JEE Main registration 2020 List of qualifying exams

JEE Main registration 2020: List of qualifying exams The process of JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) Main has already been started from September 3, 2019, on the official website of JEE, i.e. jeemain.nic.in. The interested and eligible students can also apply for JEE...

CBSE Instructs schools to form Eco Clubs

The Central Board of Secondary Education has directed schools to form Eco Clubs under the Board for Environmental Protection. They have further asked the schools to ensure that every student would save one litre of water at home and school every day. It was started by...

Vidya Daan by CBSE

CBSE has launched a new initiative to provide free of cost quality education to students in rural areas. CBSE has named that initiative “Vidya Daan”. Lot of reforms are been continuously done by CBSE so that the teachers can offer a personalized experience to students...

IBM to Set AI Curriculum for CBSE Class IX to XII

The Central Board of Secondary Education has tied up with IBM to develop a course of Artificial Intelligence in the CBSE curriculum. Now CBSE is going to introduce Artificial Intelligence as an elective subject for class 9 to 12th. The CBSE has taken this decision to...

CBSE Board Practical Exam 2020

CBSE Board Practical Exam 2020: Important changes in date sheet, internal/external examiners and more Are you doing preparations for class 10 and 12 CBSE board exams? If yes, then you have to see what major changes CBSE has brought in the CBSE date sheet for class 10...

×
Studies Today