NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Science Geography Human Environment Settlement Transport Communication

Scroll down for PDF

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 for Social Science Geography chapter 7 Human Environment: Settlement, Transport Communication


1. Answer the following questions: 

(i) What are the four means of transport? 

Ans. The four major means of transport are: 

(a) Roadways 

(b) Railways 

(c) Waterways

(d) Airways 


(ii) What do you understand by the term ‘settlement’? 

Ans. The places where people build their homes are known as settlements. 


(iii) Which are the activities practised by the rural people? 

Ans. People in rural areas are engaged in activities like agriculture, fishing, forestry, crafts work, and trading, etc. 


(iv) Mention any two merits of railways. 

Ans. The railways carry: 

(a) People over long distances, and 

(b) Heavy goods in bulk over long distances quickly and cheaply 


(v) What do you understand by communication? 

Ans. The process of conveying information to others by speaking, writing, or using some other medium is known as communication. 


(vi) What is mass media? 

Ans. The various modes of communication like newspaper, radio, television, etc., through which one can communicate with a large number of people are collectively known as mass media. 


2. Tick the correct answer. 

(i) Which is NOT a means of communication? 

(a) telephone         (b) books             (c) table

(ii) Which type of road is constructed under the ground? 

(a) flyover             (b) expressways    (c) subways

(iii) Which mode of transport is most suitable to reach an island? 

(a) ship              (b) train                (c) car 

(iv) Which vehicle does not pollute the environment? 

(a) cycle            (b) bus                (c) aeroplane 


3. Match the following. 

(i) Internet            (a) areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade, and services 

(ii) Canal route      (b) closely built area of houses 

(iii) Urban areas    (c) houses on stilts 

(iv) Compact          (d) inland waterway settlement       

                            (e) a means of communication 


(i) Internet               (e) a means of communication 

(ii) Canal route         (d) inland waterway 

(iii) Urban areas        (a) areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade, and services 

(iv) Compact             (b) closely built area of houses Settlement 


4. Give reasons. 

(i) Today’s world is shrinking. 

Ans. Today’s world is shrinking because of improved means of transportation and communication. We can talk to any of our relatives and friends residing anywhere in the world because of the improved communication system. We can get the news from all over the world sitting in our home. We can also travel to any place in the world in a much reduced time as compared to earlier times because of the improved transport system. 


Click on the text For more study material for Social Science please click here - Social Science

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

Checking of Boards Answer Sheets Notice

As you all are aware that the boards exams have been postponed due to Corona Virus. You can refer to the notification issued by CBSE too. While the board exams were going on the checking of answer sheets were also going on. CBSE took really good measures to increase...

CBSE chairman Anita karwal wrote a motivational letter to board candidates

CBSE chairman Anita karwal wrote a motivational letter to board candidates before the CBSE board Exam The CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) class 10th and 12th board exams are starting from 15 February 2020. Not only the students, their parents are also tense...

Class 10 Board Exams Postponed

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has postponed today's Class X board examinations in violence-hit northeast Delhi after a government request. The deferred exams include two in English Literature for standard X. There are in total 86 affected centres in...

CBSE Board Exams to be executed as per normal schedule

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) announced on Saturday, the 29th of February’2020 that the Board examinations for standard X and XII will be executed according to the decided schedule from 2nd March’2020 onwards. This announcement also includes the areas...

All Delhi Schools to Adopt DIGITAL Attendance Methods

The Delhi Government takes another step ahead towards Digitalization of the Education Sector by proposing digital attendance in all Delhi Government Schools. As part of the Zero Paperwork Programme the attendance in all Delhi government school to be noted on e-tablets...

CBSE postpones class 12 exams in Delhi

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) on Wednesday postponed the board examination of standard XII scheduled for Thursday, that is, on the 27th February 2020 for the areas of north - east Delhi affected by communal riots. The rescheduled date for the exam is...

Studies Today