NCERT Solutions for Class 7 for Social Science Civics Chapter 5 Women Change the World
1. How do you think stereotypes, about what women can or cannot do, affect women's right to equality?
Stereotypes about what women can or cannot do affect women's right to equality:
(i) Women do not get the identical support that boys get. (ii) Women are considered substandard to men.
(iii) They are not sent to educational institutions.
(iv) Women are encouraged to see matrimony as their future instead of higher education.
(v) They are not paid likewise to men for the same work.
(vi) Women are assigned domestic works as their primary concern.
2. List one reason why learning the alphabet was so important to women like Rashsundari Devi, Ramabai and Rokeya.
Rashsundari Devi, Ramabai and Rokeya were able to achieve their goal only by education. They were able to impact the society by writing their ideas or stories or setting up schools which could have never been achieved without learning. Thus, learning the alphabet was so important because it not only helped them in their day to day life but also helped them in pursuing their education and dream.
3. "Poor girls drop out of school because they are not interested in getting education". Re-read the last paragraph on page 62 and explain why this statement is not true.
The statement "Poor girls drop out of school because they are not interested in getting education" is not true because:
(i) In many parts of the country, especially in rural and poor areas, there may not even be proper schools or teachers who teach on a regular basis.
(ii) Parents are reluctant to send their girl child to distant schools due to lack of transportation.
(iii) Sometimes parents are unable to bear the cost of education.
(iv) Boys get partiality over girls for seeking education.
(v) Sometimes, their teacher and classmates too discriminate against them.
4. Can you describe two methods of struggle that the women's movement used to raise issues? If you had to organize a struggle against stereotypes, about what women can or cannot do, what method would you employ from the ones that you have read about? Why would you choose this particular method?
Two methods of struggle that the women's movement used to raise issues:
Campaigning: It is an important part of the women's movement which is used to fight discrimination and violence against women. Women work in an organized and collective manner to achieve their goals.
Protesting: Women use public rallies and demonstrations as a very powerful weapon for drawing attention to injustices by the method of protesting.
I would choose campaigning as a method to struggle against stereotypes. In this method, we get clear idea about what people think of women. It is also a peaceful and organized method.