NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Science Civics How the State Government Works

Scroll down for PDF

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 How the State Government Works


1. Use the  terms 'constituency' and  'represent' to explain who  an MLA is and  how  is the  person elected?


MLA is a member of the legislative assembly who represents people and also forms  the government. (i)  Each state  has a legislative assembly.

(ii)  Each state  is divided  into  different areas or constituencies.

(iii)  From each constituency, people  elect  one representative who then  becomes  a Member  of the Legislative Assembly  (MLA).

(iv)  MLA is elected  by people  who contest  in an election by voting.


2. How  did some  MLAs become Ministers? Explain.


(i)  After  the elections, a political party  whose MLAs have won more  than  half the number of constituencies in a state  becomes  the ruling  party.

(ii)  The MLAs belonging to the  ruling  party  elect  their leader  who later  becomes  the chief  minister.

(iii)  The chief minister then  selects other  people  as his ministers.

(iv)  The Governor  of the state  then  appoints the chief minister and other  ministers.


3. Why  should  decisions taken by the  Chief  Minister and other ministers be debated in the  Legislative Assembly?


(i) In a democratic government, participation is important from  each and every  section  of the  society.

(ii)  Thus, whatever decisions  are being taken, have to be approved by the members of the  legislative assembly. (iii)These members then  ask questions, debate  an important issue, decide  where  money  should  be spent, etc.

(iv)  After  that, they  have the  main authority to finalize any decision.


4. What was  the  problem in Patalpuram? What discussion/action was  taken by the  following? Fill in the  table.

Public meeting

Legislative Assembly

Press conference

Chief Minister


Main problem  in Patalpuram:

(i)  Lack of proper  sanitation and hygiene.

(ii)  Scarcity  of clean drinking water.

(iii)  No proper  medical  facilities.

(iv)  Spread  of diarrhea

Discussion/action was taken by the following:

Public meeting: Demand  for the improvement of healthcare and sanitation facilities from  the  officials.

Legislative Assembly:  Intend to supply  drinking water  to every  village  through tanker trucks  and also explained the steps the government had taken.  Collection  of garbage.

Press conference: Organized  by the health  minister. Newspapers  and media  widely  discussed  the issue and prompted the government to hold a press conference.

Chief Minister: Visited  Patalpuram district. He went to visit  the families who had lost their  relatives and also visited  people  in the  hospitals. Promised  funds for the works and also planned  to start  a campaign to create awareness.

5. What is the  difference between the  work that MLAs do in the  Assembly and the  work done  by government departments?


(i)  Act of making laws on certain issues is done by MLAs in the Legislative Assembly  of each state  while the implementation of these  laws is done by various government departments.

(ii)  Whatever work  is done by these government departments has to be approved by the  members of the legislative assembly or MLAs.



Click on the text For more study material for Social Science please click here - Social Science

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning


Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE is to conduct the 10th and 12th Board Examination 2020 from February 15, 2020. Due to University Admissions, CBSE has shifted Board Exams dates from 1 March to February 15 from 2019. This year too CBSE would be making changes...

JEE in Punjabi too after English, Hindi and Gujarati

Punjab Minister Tript Rajinder Singh Bajwa requested the joint technology entrance exam (main) to be conducted in Punjabi and other regional languages too. In his letter to Union HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, the Punjab Minister for Higher Education and...

CBSE to conduct a voluntary test for class 11th and 12th

Nowadays students have the liberty to choose the field they seem to fit in. A few years back the problem was parents who burdened children with their own choices. On the other side, now students along with their parent's support are free to choose their field. Not any...

Seven Motivational tips for every student

If you’re are a student or a learner and you doesn’t feel like study then this article is going to be very important for you, Reading constantly and Staying motivated as a student is one of the most challenging tasks and barriers to educational success. Education is...

TIPS: Study habits for success

Being a student is fairly a difficult job. Alongside maintaining your curricular as well as extra-curricular activities adds more to it. Performance in academics is one of the major concerns. Every parent now tries to get their children more indulged in studies. Need...

Studies Today