NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Science Civics Growing up as Boys and Girls

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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 4 Growing up as Boys and Girls

Exercises:

1. Are the  statements given alongside true or false? Support your  answer with the  use of an example -

a. All societies  do not think similarly about  the roles  that boys and girls  play.

b. Our society  does not make distinction between  boys and girls  when they  are growing up.

c. Women who stay at home  do not work.

d. The work  that  women  do is less valued  than  that  of men.

Answer

(a) True.

In most  societies, the roles men and women  play or the work they  do are not valued  equally. They do not have the same status.  It is supposed  that  household  works must  be done by women  while men do the office  work.

(b)  False.

The distinction between  boys and girls  begins from  a very young  age. For example, both  of them  are given  different toys  to play  with.  Boys are usually  given  cars to play with and girls  are given  dolls. Additionally, they  are told  how girls  must  dress, what games  boys should  play, how girls need to taIk softly  or boys need to be tough.

(c) False.

The responsibility of housework i.e. looking after children, cooking, washing  clothes, cleaning, etc.  bear a lot of pressure  and hardwork. Even after  that, this  is not recognized  as work and presumed as natural work  of women, while  women  work  right  from  morning to night completing her household  duties.

(d) True.

As men get paid for what  they  do in the offices and earn the  livelihood while a woman  who is working from morning to night  in household  duties  is not paid for. The household  work  is considered as natural duty  of a woman and thus  is less valued  than  men.

 

2. Housework is invisible and unpaid work. Housework is physically demanding. Housework is time consuming.

Write in your  own  words what is meant by the terms 'invisible', 'physically demanding', and 'time consuming'? Give one  example of each  based  on the household tasks undertaken by women in your home.

Answer

Invisible: The things  which can't  be seen.

The household  work  is invisible which can be seen only when it is not done.

Physically  demanding: Demands  hardwork and effort.

Cleaning  of floors  and washing  of clothes  are physically demanding works.

Time consuming: Work which  takes a lot of time  to be completed.

Cooking  is a time  consuming work.


3. Make a list of toys  and  games that boys typically play  and another for girls. If there is a difference between the  two  lists, can you think of some reasons why  this  is so? Does  this  have  any relationship to the  roles  children have  to play  as adults?

Answer

Toys and games  that  boys typically play:  Cars, Toy guns, Cricket, Football, Hockey, Kabaddi, etc.

Toys and games  that  girls typically play:  Kitchen  set,

Doll, Teddy, Badminton, Skipping, etc.

Reasons for the  difference in the  list of games: (i)  Mentality of the  society.

(ii)  Physical aspects of the  body.

(iii)  The thought that  girls  need to talk  softly  and boys need to be tough.

Yes, it does have a relationship with  the roles children have to play as adult  as men are supposed to work outside  in office and earn  money  while women  are supposed to do household  works.

4. If you have someone working as a domestic help in your house or locality talk to her and find out a little bit more about her life – Who are her family members? Where is her home? How many hours does she work? How much does she get paid? Write a small story based on these details.

Answer

To be done individually by students.

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