NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Science Civics On Equality

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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 for Social Science Civics Chapter 1 On Equality


1.In a democracy why is universal adult franchise important? 

Ans: Universal  Adult Franchise  is important in democracy as:

a) It is based on the  principle of equality.

b) It means that  all adult  (those  who are 18 and above) citizens  have the right  to vote.

c) It does not discriminate on the basis of social or economic  backgrounds.

d) It is an important aspect  of democratic societies.


2. Re-read the box on  Article 15 and state two ways in which this Article addresses inequality?

Excerpt from  Article 15 of the  Indian Constitution

Prohibition  of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or  place of birth.(l) The State shall  not discriminate against any citizen  on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. (2) No citizen sha II, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, be subject to any disability,  liability, restriction or condition with  regard  to-

(a) access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and  places of public entertainment;or

(b) the  use of wells, tanks,  bathing ghats, roads and  places of public resort maintained wholly or  partly out of State funds or dedicated to the  use of the general public.

Ans: Article  15 in democracy of the Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds  of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.

Two ways in which this  Article  addresses  inequality are as follows:

(i) It suggests  states  not to discriminate against  any citizen  on grounds such as religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth  etc.

(ii)  No citizen  shall be subject  to any disability, liability and restriction on grounds only  of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth  or any of them.

3. In what ways was  Omprakash Valmiki's experience similar to that of the  Ansaris?

Ans: In following ways Omprakash Valmiki's experience was similar  to that  of the Ansaris:

a) Both of them  were discriminated by the  society  on the basis of their  caste or religion.

b)Dignity and self respect  of both  of them  got violated. c) Both suffered  from  biased  treatment.

4. What do you understand by the  term "all persons are  equal before the  law"? Why  do you think it is important in a democracy?

Ans: The term  "all persons  are equal before  the law" means that  everyone will be given  justice  before  law by treating them  equal.  From the President  of the country  to the common  man, all are equal  in front  of law.

It is important in a democracy because:

a)Democracy suggests  that  no one should  be treated on unequal  basis because of their  wealth, caste, colour, religion, gender  etc.

b)It also ensures  that  no one will be given  more preference for the same crime.

c) It provides the people  equal opportunity to defend themselves in public court  irrespective of their  socio­ economic  position.

d)It also reflects  the true  nature of democracy.


5. The  Government of India passed the Disabilities Act in 1995. This  law  states that persons with disabilities have equal rights, and that the government should make possible their full participation in society. The  government has  to provide free education and integrate children with disabilities into mainstream schools. This  law  also states that all  public  places including buildings, schools, etc., should be accessible and  provided with ramps.


Look at the  photograph and think about the  boy who  is being carried down the  stairs. Do you think the  above law  is being  implemented in his case? What needs to be done  to make the  building more accessible for  him?  How  would his being carried down the  stairs affect his dignity as well as his safety?

Ans: No, I don't think the above  law is being implemented in his case.

According  to the  Disabilities Act, all public  places including buildings, schools, etc., should  be accessible and provided with ramps  which  is not done in this  case. Therefore, the buildings should  be provided with  ramps to make  it accessible  for people  with  disabilities.

Also, persons  with  disabilities have equal rights, and that the government should  make  possible  their  full participation in society  but here the dignity and self respect  of that  person  is hurt  as someone  is showing sympathy and extending their  helping  hands. The boy may feel pity  or inferior in this  case for being helped  by others.  It also affects  the safety  of that  person as he may slip due to imbalance or carelessness.


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