NCERT Solutions for Class 6th for Social Science History for Chapter 4 In The Earliest Cities
Chapter 4–in the earliest cities
Question 1.How do archaeologists know that cloth was used in the Harappan civilisation?
Answer: Archaeologists have found spindles from the excavation sites. Presence of spindles shows that people knew how to make cloths. This shows that people in the Harappan Civilization used cloth.
Question 2.Match the columns
Question 3.Why were metals, writing, the wheel, and the plough important for the Harappans?
Answer: Metals, writing, the wheel and the plough were important for the Harappans in many ways. Metals were used for making various tools, utensils, jewelry and seals. Writing was useful for maintaining the records; related to trade and for various other purposes. The wheel was used in carts to ferry people and goods. Wheel was also used as potter’s wheel. Plough was used for tilling the land so that farming could be done
Question 4.Make a list of all the terracotta toys shown in the lesson.Which do you think children would have enjoyed playing with the most?
Answer: Animal figures, model cart and plough are some of the terracotta toys mentioned in this lesson. I think, children would have liked playing with the model cart the most. Even today; most of the children enjoy playing with toy cars.
Question 5.Make a list of what the Harappans ate, and put a tick mark against the things you eat today.
Answer: The people of Harappa ate various kinds of grains (rice, wheat, barley, pulses, mustard, etc.), fruits (ber), fish, meat and milk. Most of these things we eat even today. At present; we eat rice, wheat, pulses, fish, meat and milk. Barley is used barely by us.
Question 6.Do you think that the life of farmers and herders who supplied food to theHarappan cities was different from that of the farmers and herders you read about inChapter 3? Give reasons for your answer.
Answer: The life of of farmers and herders who supplied food to the Harappan cities was different from that of the farmers and herders in Chapter 3. In Harappa, farmers and herders did agriculture and domestication of animals in a more organised way. They sold their surplus to meet other deands such as clothes etc. while the farmers and herders in Chapter 3 only produce for their own use.