NCERT Solutions Class 6th Social Science Geography Globe Latitudes and Longitudes

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes


Chapter 2–GLOBE : LATITUDES AND LONGITUDES


Question 1: Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What is the true shape of the Earth?

(b) What is a globe?

(c) What is the latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer?

(d) What are the three heat zones of the Earth?

(e) What are the parallels of latitude and meridians of longitudes?

(f) Why does the Torrid Zone receive maximum amount of heat?

(g) Why is it 5.30 P.M. in India and 12.00 noon in London?

 

Answer: 

(a) Earth is slightly flattened at the North and South Poles, and bulges in themiddle. The shape of the Earth is described as a ‘geoid’, that is, ‘an Earth-like shape’.

(b) Globe is a true model (miniature form) of the Earth.

(c) The Tropic of Cancer lies 23 1/2 12 north of the Equator.

(d) The three heat zones of the Earth are: the Torrid Zone, the Temperate Zone andthe Frigid Zone.

(e) All parallel circles from the Equator up to the Poles are called parallels oflatitudes.

The lines of references running from the North Pole to the South Pole are calledmeridians of longitudes.

(f) The area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn is known asthe Torrid Zone. The mid-day Sun is exactly overhead at least once a year on all thelatitudes in this area; hence, this area receives maximum amount of heat.

(g)In London, the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is followed. The Indian StandardMeridian is located 82 1/2 12 east of the Prime Meridian. Thus the Indian Standard Time(IST) is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of GMT. So, when it is 12 noon in London, it is 5.30 P.M. in India.

Question 2:Tick the correct answers.

(a) The value of the Prime Meridian is

(i) 90

(ii) 0 o

(iii) 60o

(b) The frigid Zone lies near

(i) the Poles (ii) The equator (iii) The tropic of Cancer

(c) The total number of longitudes are

(i) 360 (ii) 180 (iii) 90

(d) The Antarctic Circle is located in

(i) The Northern Hemisphere

(ii) the Southern Hemisphere

(iii) The Eastern Hemisphere

(e) Grid is a network of

(i) Parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes

(ii) The tropic of cancer and the tropic of Capricorn

(iii) The North Pole and the South Pole.

Answer:

(a) The value of the Prime Meridian is

(i) 90 (ii) 0 (iii) 60

 

(b) The Frigid Zone lies near

(i) The Poles (ii) The Equator (iii) The Tropic of Cancer

 

(c) The total number of longitudes are

(i) 360 (ii) 180 (iii) 90

 

(d) The Antarctic Circle is located in

(i) The Northern Hemisphere

(ii) The Southern Hemisphere

(iii) The Eastern Hemisphere

 

(e) Grid is a network of

(i) Parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes

(ii) The tropic of cancer and the tropic of Capricorn

(iii) The North Pole and the South Pole.

 

Question 3:

Fill in the blanks.

(a) The Tropic of Capricorn is located at __________.

(b) The Standard Meridian of India is _________.

(c) The 0∘∘ Meridian is also known as __________.

(d) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards _________.

(e) The Arctic Circle is located in the _________ Hemisphere.

Answer:

(a) The Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23 1/2 12 south of the Equator.

(b) The Standard Meridian of India is 82 1/2 12 E.

(c) The 0 Meridian is also known as the Prime Meridian.

(d) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards the Poles.

(e) The Arctic Circle is located in the Northern Hemisphere.

Tags: 

 


Click for more Social Science Study Material

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

CBSE Boards Paper Checking to Start

As per the announcement recently released by the Ministry of Home Affairs, at least 3000 CBSE affiliated selected as evaluation centers for board exam answer sheets will be allowed to open for the limited purpose of evaluation purposes only. The answer sheets for Board...

CBSE advisory on student marks

CBSE has issued a public advisory for all students to be careful from unscrupulous persons impersonating themselves as officers/officials of CBSE. These people have been contacting parents and have been telling them that they have access to student marks data for Board...

Board Exams Class 10 and Class 12 Datesheet 2020

CBSE has announced the datesheet for the remaining exams of class 10 and class 12 exams. The exams are going to start in July. The class 10 and 12th board exams will be conducted for the remaining 29 papers from July 1 to July 15, 2020, at various centers nominated by...

CBSE Decision on Board Exam 2020

The Class 10 and 12 exams are cancelled, and results for both 10th and 12th would be declared by July 15 based on internal exams. CBSE Class 12 students would have the option to appear for the exams at a later date. CBSE has a scheme in which marks scored in past 3...

Art Integrated Project work for classes 1 to 10

CBSE Board has decided to introduce Art-Integrated Project work for classes I to X to promote Art-Integrated Learning in schools to make teaching learning Competency-Based and joyful. As part of this, at least one Art-Integrated Project in each subject shall be taken...

Class 10 Board Exams to be held

The CBSE board has announced that there is no change in the decision of conducting the CBSE board exams for the 29 subjects, which were canceled due to coronavirus crisis. So when the lockdown gets relaxed completely, the board will conduct the exams for the students,...

×
Studies Today