NCERT Solutions for Class 6th for Social Science Civics Chapter 3 What Is Government?
Question 1.What do you understand by the word ‘government’? List five ways in which you think the government affects your daily life.
The government is the name of an organization through which, the will of the state is created, expressed and implemented.
The three main organs of the government are legislative, judiciary and executive.
The government affects daily life in the following ways:
(i) It takes action on social issues.
(ii) It protects the boundaries of state.
(iii) It takes decision to lay roads.
(iv) It builds schools.
(v) It makes law for the benefits of the people and implements them.
Question 2.Why do you think the government needs to make rules for everyonein the form of laws?
Answer: The laws are made by the government and every citizen have to follow these laws. According to these laws, a government can function and make decision and vests with power to enforce these laws.
The government needs to make rules for everyone in the form of law because by doing so people can obey rule and thus the nation as a whole leads a secure life.
Question 3.Name two essential features of a democratic government.
Answer: The two essential features of a democrative government are:
(i) Participation of people is a necessity,
(ii) It acts according to the will of the people.
Question 4.What was the suffrage movement? What did it accomplish?
The suffrage movement means right to vote. This movement belongs to the women and the poor people who have to fight for the participation in government. During the World War-1, the struggle for the right to vote got strengthened. This struggle comes to be known as suffrage movement.
Accomplishments of Suffrage Movement :During the World War-1, men were away from their house fighting in the battle field. At this time, women were called upon to do the work, which were earlier done by men. Women did their best and try to manage and organize different kinds of works. People wonder to know that the women can do such work. Women began to be seen as being equally capable for doing hard work and making decision.
The people who were demanding the Right for Women and got their demand heard, they chained themselves in rallying in public places and meetings. In America, women were given right to vote in 1920 while in UK in 1928.
Question 5.Gandhiji strongly believed that every adult in India should be giventhe right to vote. However, a few people don’t share his views. They feel that illiterate people, who are mainly poor, should not be giventhe right to vote. What do you think? Do you think this would be a form of discrimination? Give five points to support your view andshare these with the class.
Before partition (1947 A.D.) only a few people were given the right to vote. We think that the people must be given the right to vote.
The given statement shows it a case of discrimination because of the following:
(i) All citizens are equal by law.
(ii) According to constitution, there is no difference between a man and woman, a poor and a rich.
(iii) The laws are not made for men only.
(iv) All citizens must be granted right to vote.